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There are many musical instruments in india . Some instrumen

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JeanyL De Guia

on 16 December 2013

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Transcript of There are many musical instruments in india . Some instrumen

CLASSIFICATION OF MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS FROM INDIA
GHAN
AVANADDH
SUSHIR
Described as a membranous percussive instrument. This Class of instruments typically comprise the drums
also know as
blown air .
It is characterizrd by the use of air to excite the various resonators.
Described as a non-membranous percussive instrument but with solid resonators . It is one of the oldest classes of instrument in india . It may also be a melodic instrument or instruments to keel
TAL
TAT
Reffered to as vina during the old civilization . Instruments in this class are plucked (stringes instruments).
INSTRUMENTAL MUSIC OF INDIA
Instruments Belong to Ghana
The ghatam ( is a percussion instrument used in the Carnatic music of South India. Its variant is played in Punjab and is known as gharha as is a part of Punjabi folk traditions. Its analogue in Rajasthan is known as the madga and pani mataqa ("water jug").
GHATAM
Mēlakarta is a collection of fundamental ragas (musical scales) in Carnatic music (South Indian classical music). Mēḷakarta ragas are parent ragas (hence known as janaka ragas) from which other ragas may be generated. A melakarta raga is sometimes referred as mela, karta or sampurna as well.
KARTA
They are sampurna ragas – they contain all seven swaras (notes) of the octave in both ascending and descending scale
They are krama sampurna ragas – that is the sequence is strictly ascending and descending in the scales, without any jumps or zig-zag notes
The upper shadjam is included in the raga scale (ragas like Punnagavarali and Chenchurutti are not mēḷakarta as they end with nishadam)
The ascending and descending scales must have the same notes
Ragas must contain the following characteristics to be considered Melakarta
Manjira
The manjïrà (manjeera) is a traditional percussion instrument of Bhàrata India. In its simplest form, it is a pair of small hand cymbals.[1] It is also known as manjeera, taal, jalra, khartàl or kartàl, Gini (ଗିନି).
They often accompany folk or devotional music. It is used in various religious ceremonies of India, especially bhajans. The manjira is an ancient instrument. Pictures of it have been found in temples dating back to the earliest times.
Manjira are usually made of bronze, brass, copper zinc or Bell metal and connected with a copper cord which passes through holes in their center. They produce a rhythmic tinkling sound when struck together.
Nout
G
H
A
T
A
M
The nout (a.k.a. Nuht), is a small pot used in Kashmir as a percussion instrument. It may be th
N
o
u
t
DAF
Daf (Persian, Khowar: ڈف, Kurdish, Arabic, Urdu: دف, from Middle Persian: dap) is a large Persian frame drum used in popular and classical music. The frame is usually made of hardwood with many metal ringlets attached, and the membrane is usually goatskin.[1]
TABLA
Tabla is basically a set of two drums known as Dayan (right) or the Tabla and the Bayan (left) or the Duggi. Dayan or tabla is a cylindrical, wooden drum made of black wood and played with the right hand and Bayan or duggi- the left hand drum is made of metal, wood, or ceramic has slightly conical and bowl shape.
DhoL
Dhol can refer to any one of a number of similar types of double-headed drum widely used, with regional variations, throughout the Indian subcontinent. Its range of distribution in India, Bangladesh and Pakistan primarily includes northern areas such as the Assam Valley, Gujarat, Kashmir, Maharashtra, Konkan and Goa, Punjab, Karnataka, Rajasthan, Sindh and Uttar Pradesh.
Instruments Belong to Avanaddh
Instruments Belong to SUSHIR
The bansuri is a transverse flute of India made from a single hollow shaft of bamboo with six or seven finger holes. An ancient musical instrument associated with cowherds and the pastoral tradition, it is intimately linked to the love story of Krishna and Radha and is also depicted in Buddhist paintings from around 100 CE.
BANSURI
SHEHNAI
The shehnai, shahnai, shenai or mangal vadya , is a double reed oboe, common in India, Pakistan, Bangladesh and Iran, made out of wood, with a metal flare bell at the end. Its sound is thought to create and maintain a sense of auspiciousness and sanctity and, as a result, is widely used during marriages, processions, and in temples, although it is also played in concerts. Shenai is similar to South India's nadaswaram.
SHANKH
Shankha is a conch shell which is of ritual and religious importance in both Hinduism and Buddhism. The shankha is the shell of a species of large predatory sea snail, Turbinella pyrum, which lives in the Indian Ocean.
In Hinduism, the shankha is a sacred emblem of the Hindu preserver god Vishnu. It is still used as a trumpet in Hindu ritual, and in the past was used as a war trumpet. The shankha is praised in Hindu scriptures as a giver of fame, longevity and prosperity, the cleanser of sin and the abode of Lakshmi, who is the goddess of wealth and consort of Vishnu.
Instruments Belong to TAT
Sitar
Sitar is one of the most popular classical instruments that has played significant role in introducing western audiences to Indian Classical music. It has derived its name from Persian Sehtar meaning three strings that it originally had. The modern sitar has seven strings fastened to the pegs on the neck and the sides. Sitars have necks crafted from toon or teakwood and a resonator carved from a large seasoned gourd.
SURPETI
Surpeti is not an original instrument, and is heavily basedand influenced on anotherindian wind instrument called the hamornium , which is a reed organ with hand pumped bellows (tubes).
Ektara is a one-string instrument most often used in traditional music from Bangladesh, India, Egypt, and Pakistan.
In origin the ektara was a regular string instrument of wandering bards and minstrels from India and is plucked with one finger. The ektara usually has a stretched single string, an animal skin over a head (made of dried pumpkin/gourd, wood or coconut) and pole neck or split bamboo cane neck.
EKTAR
GATUVADYAM
he Gottuvadhyam also known as the chitravina, is an instrument played in Southern India. It is usualy used as a solo instrument in Carnatic sangeet.

Gottuvadhyam has an interesting construction. It resmbles the saraswati vina in its general form. It has six main playing strings which pass over the very top of the instrument. It has three thallam (drone) strings at the side, and a series of sympathetic strings which pass under the main strings. The approach to tuning is in some ways similar to the sitar, in other ways it is similar to the saraswati vina, but in many ways it is unique. It is played with a slide in a manner somewhat like a Hawaiian guitar.
GOPICHAND
This instrument family Ektar (single rope) is a very popular Hindu folk instrument of Bengal. It consists of a section of bamboo, which is open and supportive to a resonator that can be coconut, pumpkin or a metal container in which the base has a leather, like a drum, but half of this goes a patch cord is stretched to the other end by a pin at the top of the bamboo. Gopichand's sound is very distinctive. There is a peculiar bending of bamboo between his two hands tightly together where the left hand while his right hand touched the rope.
The rebab is a type of string instrument so named no later than the 8th century and spread via Islamic trading routes[citation needed] over much of North Africa, the Middle East, parts of Europe, and the Far East. The bowed variety often has a spike at the bottom to rest on the ground, and is thus called a spike fiddle in certain areas, but plucked versions like the kabuli rebab (sometimes referred to as the robab or rubab) also exist.
There are many musical instruments in india . Some instrument are used primarily in north indian music (Hindustani sangeet) while many other instrument are used in south indian music (carnatic sangeet) . instrumental music is often similar to vocal music but sometimes they have distinctive instrumental styles.
REBAB
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