Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM

Copy

Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.

DeleteCancel

Make your likes visible on Facebook?

Connect your Facebook account to Prezi and let your likes appear on your timeline.
You can change this under Settings & Account at any time.

No, thanks

Drug policy threats & challenges

VAADA Conference 2015
by

Julian Buchanan

on 21 October 2015

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of Drug policy threats & challenges

Julian Buchanan
Developments, threats and challenges when tackling problematic drug use
The Drug Apartheid
How we respond and control drugs
Living with drugs
How we see and talk about 'drugs'
How then do we understand and respond to addiction?
Misunderstanding, confusion & misinformation
Where do we go from here?
Happy 18th!
Happy New Year!
You've passed your exam!
A new baby!
You've got engaged!
Yo've got married!
You've passed your driving test!
A new house!
Starting freshers week
A book launch!
etc...
Class A
Alcohol
Tobacco
Extracted from:
Buchanan J (2009) Understanding and misunderstanding problem drug use: working together, in R Carnwell & J Buchanan (eds) Effective Practice in Health, Social Care & Criminal Justice: A partnership approach, Open University Press, Maidenhead.
Extracted from:
Buchanan J (2009) Understanding and misunderstanding problem drug use: working together, in R Carnwell & J Buchanan (eds) Effective Practice in Health, Social Care & Criminal Justice: A partnership approach, Open University Press, Maidenhead.
Extracted from:
Buchanan J (2009) Understanding and misunderstanding problem drug use: working together, in R Carnwell & J Buchanan (eds) Effective Practice in Health, Social Care & Criminal Justice: A partnership approach, Open University Press, Maidenhead.
Extracted from:
Buchanan J (2009) Understanding and misunderstanding problem drug use: working together, in R Carnwell & J Buchanan (eds) Effective Practice in Health, Social Care & Criminal Justice: A partnership approach, Open University Press, Maidenhead.
Extracted from:
Buchanan J (2009) Understanding and misunderstanding problem drug use: working together, in R Carnwell & J Buchanan (eds) Effective Practice in Health, Social Care & Criminal Justice: A partnership approach, Open University Press, Maidenhead.
Extracted from:
Buchanan J (2009) Understanding and misunderstanding problem drug use: working together, in R Carnwell & J Buchanan (eds) Effective Practice in Health, Social Care & Criminal Justice: A partnership approach, Open University Press, Maidenhead.
Extracted from:
Buchanan J (2009) Understanding and misunderstanding problem drug use: working together, in R Carnwell & J Buchanan (eds) Effective Practice in Health, Social Care & Criminal Justice: A partnership approach, Open University Press, Maidenhead.
A social experiment that has gone badly wrong
Privileging and promoting societal use of particular drugs while
policing and severely punishing
societal use of other drugs
Causing harmful
patterns
of use of legal drugs
AND
harmful drug
policy
damage from illegal drugs
The cultural accommodation and promotion of
legal
drugs as expressions of celebration, pleasure, leisure and socialisation, occurs at almost every occasion.
Conflate use with problematic use or addiction
illegal
'drugs'
legal medication
or
pharmaceuticals
legal and
commercially promoted
substances not generally perceived as 'drugs' embedded in leisure, pleasure & occasion
legal
high
'drugs'
or chemicals
legal substances not defined as 'drugs'
Bolivia has petitioned the UN to overturn a provision of the 1961 UN Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs, which requires countries to eradicate the chewing of coca leaf.



1998 UN Declaration http://www.un.org/ga/20special/poldecla.htm
Drugs are
a grave threat to the health and well-being of all mankind”.

The social construction of 'drugs'



1998 UN Declaration http://www.un.org/ga/20special/poldecla.htm
[
Drug policy is
]

a grave threat to the health and well-being of all mankind”.
Drug law, policy & practice
Drug apartheid
Research into negatives only
Punitive populist led policy
1950s based knowledge & ideology
Misinformation, ignorance & propaganda
Vested interest of legally approved drugs
Racism
Social construction of 'drugs'
The Instantly addictive drug
The instantly addicted brain
The enemy within
With drug driving we conflate presence with impairment
1 in 20 recorded crimes
are drug defined crimes
1 in 10 people in prison were sentenced for drug defined crimes
Between 162-324 million people,
3.5 -7% of the world population aged 15-64, had used an illicit drug in the previous year.

Problem drug use remains stable at between 16 million and 39 million people

(UNODC 2014)



http://www.un.org/apps/news/story.asp?NewsID=48138#.VGAgPb7YZC4


As an experienced addiction researcher, Prof Michael Gossop (2000:4) singles out the medical profession’s role in influencing contemporary attitudes towards drugs:

'Society would like us all to believe that our good drugs are all safe, or at least comparatively safe, whereas the bad drugs should all have sinister and dangerous effects. In this way, scientific questions about the actual effects of a particular drug become entangled with issues of personal morality and subjective beliefs.

This has led to some quite absurd pronouncements on the part of otherwise respected scientists and physicians: the need to justify their belief in the badness of certain drugs seems to have been so powerful that they have lost the ability to think straight on those matters. By presenting personal opinions and moral views in the guise of incontrovertible scientificfic fact they have done more than anyone to perpetuate the myths and misconceptions about drug taking.'

cited in Boland 2008 pp. 181-182
Angus Bancroft 2009 p.8
"The number of drivers with marijuana in their system grew by nearly 50 per cent"
Testing presence not impairment

Identifying
possible
use not problematic use
HOW DRUG POLICY MAKES USE MORE DANGEROUS
NIXON LAUNCHES DRUG WAR
Extracted from:
Buchanan J (2009) Understanding and misunderstanding problem drug use: working together, in R Carnwell & J Buchanan (eds) Effective Practice in Health, Social Care & Criminal Justice: A partnership approach, Open University Press, Maidenhead.
Promoting abstinence, intolerance and fear towards all use of any illicit drug.

Making it more difficult to fund research and gain acceptance for medical benefits of illicit drugs.

More difficult to promote needle exchanges, naloxone take home, injectable prescribing, heroin prescribing, maintenance prescribing, drug consumption rooms and other important harm reduction strategies more difficult to implement.

Becomes more difficult for people who use or have used illicit drugs to be accepted, trusted and respected.
Unnecessary socially constructed risks caused by criminalisation
We uphold a (culturally based) drug apartheid that is intolerant towards (particular) drugs, punishing severely its users, yet the vast majority of people who use these illicit drugs do not develop drug problems, nor do they cause others problems.



Psychoactive Substances Act 2013

Bans all new psychoactive substances
Makes possession a crime
Instead of all legal unless banned -all illegal unless approved
Gives police new powers to enter without a warrant
RECENT DEVELOPMENTS
DRUG ALCOHOL ABSTINENCE COURTS
Rat Park Prof Alexander
deprivation
alienation
poverty
hopelessness
no alternative
Threats to Good Policy & Practice
The Globalization of Addiction: A Study in Poverty of the Spirit (2010)
Beware of damage from an enforcement approach
Addiction is not a criminal justice problem, but it's hardly a medical problem either, if anything it is more of a social problem.

Drug law, policy & practice
Drug apartheid
Research into negatives only
Punitive populist led policy
1950s based knowledge & ideology
Misinformation, ignorance & propaganda
Vested interest of legally approved drugs
Racism
Social construction of 'drugs'
The Instantly addictive drug
The instantly addicted brain
The enemy within
New paintwork
New rendering
New Roofing materials
Improved insulation
Internal restructuring

Beware of Cosmetic Changes
New Partnerships
Contestability
Deliverables
Outcomes
Key performance indicators
Social bonds
Performance related funding
Restructuring
Rationalisation
Privatisation
Value For Money
Public/Private Investment



Drug Apartheid
We all use drugs for pleasure
BANNED
zombie man eating bath salts
reefer madness
Just one E kills
P- instantly addictive
Crack babies drain
Opiate baby disabilities
Flesh eating Krokodil
Cannabis deadly lung cancer

Responding to Addiction
http://tinyurl.com/VAADA2015

To download the lecture podcast click on this link:

http://julianbuchanan.podomatic.com/entry/2015-02-23T01_23_21-08_00



julianbuchanan@gmail.com
Full transcript