Transcript of India + Pakistan Timeline
The Relationship Between India and Pakistan Richard Petrosino 1940 Hindus vs Muslims Mohammad Ali Jinnah request a partition of Muslims from Hindus, forming Pakistan. Jinnah was the leader of the Muslim Lead. The partition was created because violence started occurring between them. To stop the violence Britain, controlling India, established the partition and formed Pakistan. 1947 1900s-Present Independence for India & Pakistan Preceding WWII, Great Britain was struggling, largely financially. Because of this Britain decided to let go of their grasp on India and Pakistan. Making them Independent nations. This allowed their governments to make their own decisions. 1947-48 Indo-Pak War for Kashmir A war between India and Pakistan begins. The newly formed governments were fighting for control of a province to the North, Kashmir. Kashmir has resources very valuable for making cloth and clothes, making it a very important province for producing wealth. Unfortunately the side effect of this is the province is constantly fought over and many soldiers have lost their lives trying to gain control of it. This war is the beginning of a massive conflict between these nations. In 1949 the United Nations orders a ceasefire. 1965 The Second Indo-Pak War Tension begins when border patrol soldiers clash at Rann of Kutch (in the Indian state of Gujarat)in April, breaking the ceasefire. This soon escalates to war when 26,000-33,000 Pakistani soldiers charge over the border and occupy Indian controlled land in Kashmir. By the end of September, 1965, both nations agree to the U.N.'s ceasefire. 1971 The Third Indo-Pak War. The third and latest war between India and Pakistan begins. This time the war is over East-Pakistan (current Bangladesh). Pakistan starts with war in March, when they bombard Indian airfields. In retaliation India launches massive attacks that force Pakistan to surrender in only 13 days, the shortest war in history. 90,000 Pakistani soldiers become P.O.W.s (Prisoners Of War). In December East Pakistan become Bangladesh. This is the final war between these countries. From this point on all violent actions are taken mush more seriously and war is seen as a last resort. 1988 Nuclear Agreement In 1988 both nations sign an agreement to not attack each others nuclear installations. This showed a slight turn around in the endless violence and hostility and allowed citizens to feel less endangered. This agreement included the locations of every nuclear facility in both nations and is updated every year of January 1st. 1989 Hostility Returns A resistance to Indian rule in Kashmir valley forms. Pakistan stated that it gives "moral and diplomatic" support. This lead India to believe that Pakistan is behind this and supplying the residence fighters. Pakistan, of course, denies this. This marks the return of violence between these nations, after only one year. 1991-92 Agreements In these two years India and Pakistan will both sign agreements loosening tension, and once again violence pauses for some time. In 1991 they sign agreements to notify each others governments when one of them undertakes military exercises. The second declaration in 1992 prohibited the use of chemical weapons between the two unstable nations. 2001 Heavy Tension More tension builds on the LOC ( Line of Control ) after multiple terrorist attacks on Indian soil. India's chief minister of Kashmir suggest a full-scale attack on Pakistani training camps. Pervez Musharraf, the Pakistani President, and Indian Prime Minister, Atal Behari Vajpayee, meet to negotiate terms. The negotiation leads no where. After another attack India lines a greater amount of soldiers along the LOC. 2010 Shots Fired In January Pakistani and Indian soldiers exchange fire at the LOC in Kashmir. This incident marks a major increase in violence. From this point on, there are no positive relations between Pakistan and India Something is wrong with the text here, I couldn't move it SourcesFull transcript
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