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Regional Tribes

Showing the food, climate, art, homes, and clothes of the tribal cultures throughout the country
by

Brandon Marquis

on 18 September 2012

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Transcript of Regional Tribes

Northwestern Coast Chinook Salmon Salmon were among the
major sources of food for
the tribes of the northwestern
coast. They would cure and
store the salmon for use
throughout the year Totem poles were made to honor the spirits and represent ones family Just inland from the coast
are very wet temperate
rainforests. Not very useful
for farming, but did provide
ample wood for building,
carving and crafting. Northwestern tribes mostly
built houses made of wooden
planks whose most important
purpose was to keep the rain out. Some Northwest Coast Tribes
Chinook
Tlingit
Salish California Like California itself the Native Americans
who lived here in the area are incredibly diverse.
Over 100 different cultural groups called it home. north coast tribes ate salmon as a major food source, south coast tribes ate a lot of shellfish The Coastal Miwok lived in the coastal areas from San Francisco to Monterrey among others Throughout the majority of California tribes ate breads made of acorns and venison. Baskets such as these were
made throughout California.
They served a number of uses including cooking the bread made from acorns by placing the mash in the basket then topping with hot rocks It took a huge amount of work to turn acorns into food. They needed to be rinsed and soaked multiple times to remove their extreme bitterness before they could be made into a flour, mash, then a bread 21 missions were built along the coast in California beginning in 1769 to convert Californian native Americans to Spanish Catholicism Throughout California tribes built houses such as these. Some shelter is required, but California's climate is neither too hot nor too cold, and receives a moderate amount of rain. Great Basin Conditions in the great basin are very harsh. Summers are extremely hot and winters extremely cold. Little rain falls in the great basin as most is squeezed out by the journey over the Sierra Nevadas and Cascades. Harsh conditions make it difficult for large animals live in the area. Hares and rabbits became the lifeblood of area tribes Like their plains neighbors great basin tribes
built teepees. However, they covered theirs in reeds and branches. To keep warm they wore robes made of rabbit fur. It took over a hundred just to make an outfit. The Pinon pine trees nuts were a key part of the diet of great basin area people Great Basin people survived mostly on plants, pinon nuts, roots, herbs, and berries provided most of their calories During the wet seasons ducks and other water birds would pass through the shallow lakes in the area. This was a key food resource. The GB tribes made excellent duck decoys to lure ducks close enough to be hunted. Plateau The plateau gets a good amount of rainfall and contains many rivers fed by the surrounding mountains. Water was not a problem for tribes on the plateau. Plateau Indians were able to survive the cold winters in the area by building pit houses. They were partially dug into the ground then covered in branches and soil to create a very warm house. Camas roots were a major food source that could be dug up, ground to flour and used to make bread. In addition they foraged for vegetables, fished for salmon, and hunted large mammals There was a lot of large mammals to hunt on the plateau. Plateau tribe art included elaborate dresses such as this and woven baskets Southwest The Colorado, the Rio Grande, and the Gila are major rivers used for irrigation by the farming people of the southwest. Throughout the region there is little rainfall. Kachina dolls represent spirits and are used to pass along the oral tradition of the people Area tribes built their homes of adobe or carved them out of walls of canyons or caves. These homes served to keep cool in the hot weather of the area. Corn was the most important among the many foods the southwest tribes farmed. Silver and turquoise were Great Plains The western portion of the great plains are perfect for Bison to graze on. This animal meant everything to the Plains Indians Plains Tribes are well known for their elaborate and beautiful headresses Once horses were introduced Plains tribes became great horsemen Plains tribes were among the tribes that provided the most resistance to the United States including the famous victory at little big horn Plains tribes moved following the buffalo so they needed homes that could be moved like these tipis made from buffalo hides. Plains indians territory covered thousands of miles across the U.S. and Canada. Eastern tribes would farm much of the year, while Western tribes followed the buffalo year round. Eastern Woodlands Southeastern Dense forests covered most of the region. The climate is wet with hot summers and cold winters. Forests and the many rivers in the area provided ample food and supplies for the local tribes. Lived in longhouses that many families lived in. Communal living was more efficient in many ways. Later when European contact brought new diseases it caused them to spread very quickly. The beaver was a source of high quality fur and occasional food. Upon European contact beaver hunting and trading became a greater part of the lifestyle throughout the region Lacrosse is a sport invented and played by the Iroquois that is still popular today. Canoes were used for fishing and transportation on the areas many rivers and lakes The "three sisters" were the backbone of all Eastern tribes diet. Corn, squash, and beans were grown together for maximum yield. The warm weather allowed them to develop a type of corn that they could harvest twice a year. Southeastern tribes people built houses made of young trees that were bent and formed into rectangular frames. Pointy roofs covered in leaves kept the water out Many tribes populated the region. Later as colonists moved west Andrew Jackson removed the vast majority of them from the area to Oklahoma in what became known as the "trail of tears". Area tribes as a whole were known as Mississippian or mound builders. Ample food allowed people to be freed to create massive mounds that served as the center of tribal villages. Later U.S "entrepreneurs" tried to use them as proof of alien life or a Christian god presence in the Americas. First English Colony,
Jamestown, Virginia
Full transcript