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Transcript of Grammar Review
Person, Place, Thing, or Idea
Person, Place, and Thing are all concrete nouns: something you can see, taste, touch, feel, hear- you know the 5 senses
Examples: Mrs. Arney, Clinton High School, and table
Idea is an abstract noun- it is a thought or a belief
Examples: freedom, love, hope, hate, fear, peace, etc...
A word that takes the place of a noun, a group of words acting as a noun, or another pronoun.
The word the pronoun replaces is the antecedent.
Different forms of a Noun and Examples:
: boy, branch, story, hoof, woman
: boys, branches, stories, hooves, women
: Susie's calculator, Lynn's chair, Wilsons' newspaper
: music box, great-grandfather, bedroom
: cats, spirit, tomatoes
: Rocky Mountains, Colorado, Special Olympics
: family, class, crew, band
Types of Pronouns and Examples:
he, him, she, her, it
Reflexive and Intensive Pronouns
This pronoun refers back to the subject of the sentence or clause and indicates that the same person or thing is involved. A reflexive pronoun adds information to a sentence
lucky to have avoided the tornado.
In stage makeup, I don't even look like
This pronoun add emphasis to another noun or pronoun. It does not add information to a sentence. If the intensive pronoun is omitted, the meaning of the sentence will still be the same.
balanced the checkbook
I balanced the checkbook
is your new toothbrush
Let me do
the cookies you like so well?
I think I will take
Who? Whom? Whose?
Whoever? Whomever? Whatever?
Which? Whichever? What?
made this delicious salad dressing?
are you expecting?
are these cute Earrings?
who whoever which that
whom whomever whose what
This pronoun points out specific persons, places, or things
This pronoun is used to form questions
This pronoun is used to begin a special subject-verb word group called a subordinate clause
Rhonda held out paper cups of water to the marathon runners,
grabbed them eagerly.
she wrote is on the best-seller list.
This type of pronoun refers to a person, a place, a thing, or an ides in a more general way than a noun
all both everything nobody others
another each few none several
any either many no one some
anybody enough most nothing somebody
anyone everybody much one someone
anything everyone neither other something
Do you know
in your class?
have submitted applications for college.
The group responsible for posters reported that
The Eight Parts of Speech
A word that modifies (changes or further describes) a noun or a pronoun by limiting its meaning.
Adjectives that Compare
Positive Comparative Superlative
Slow Slower Slowest
Lucky Luckier Luckiest
Strenuous More Strenuous Most Strenuous
Good/Well Better Best
Bad Worse Worst
Indefinite Article: names items that are not specific
Definite Article: names specific items
attached to nouns
A proper adjective is formed when a proper noun modifies another noun.
We attended the
barbeque was a success.
Era in England lasted from 1837 to 1901.
A verb is a word that expresses
state of being
and is necessary to make a statement
An action verb tells what what someone or something is doing.
Physical action: The chorus
the new song.
Mental action: The chorus
the new song.
the words of the challenge.
A transitive verb is followed by a word that answers the questions whom? or what? receives the action
An intransitive verb is
followed by words that answer the question whom? or what? receives the action. They are capable of standing on their own fully completing the sentence.
A linking verb links, or joins, the subject of a sentence (often a noun or pronoun) with a noun, a pronoun, or an adjective that identifies or describes the subject. A linking verb
in all its forms is the most commonly used linking verb. Forms of be include
is, are, was, were, will be, has been, and was being.
Other Linking Verbs
appear grow seem stay
become look smell taste
feel remain sound turn
The verb in a sentence may consist of more than one word. The words that accompany the main verb are called
, or helping,
consists of main verb and all its auxiliary, or helping, verbs.
the letter for days.
Forms of be:
am, is, are, was, were, being, been
Forms of have:
has, have, had, having
can, could, do, does, did, may, might, shall, should, must, will, would
An adverb is a word that modifies a verb, an adjective, or another adverb by making its meaning more specific.
Questions to use to help you to determine if you have an adverb:
When? Where? How?
To what degree?
When: I got your letter
Where: The wagon train headed
How: Play this section
To what degree: This railing is
Examples of Adverbs
Negative words as adverbs
and the contraction
are adverbs. Certain adverbs of
also have negative meanings.
The color did
If correctly set, this dye
The tints can
complain about the color.
Adverbs that compare
Positive Comparative Superlative
sat near sat nearer sat nearest
talks slowly talks more slowly talks most slowly
dances well dances better dances best
writes badly writes worse writes worst
draws beautifully draws more beautifully draws most
looks far looks farther looks farthest
left early left earlier left earliest
A preposition is a word that shows the
of a noun or a pronoun to another word in a sentence.
the kitten lives here.
shows the relationship of
I will see you
*after expresses a time relationship of when I will see you.
Commonly Used Prepositions
but (meaning except)
by means of
in addition to
in spite of
on account of
on top of
A preposition made up of more than one word
A group of words that begins with a preposition and ends with a noun or a pronoun, which is called the object of the preposition.
Jorge and Melanie went
to the fair
Three types of conjunctions: Coordinating, Correlative and Subbordinating
A coordinating conjunction joins words or groups of words that have equal grammatical weight in a sentence.
conjunctions work in pairs to join words and groups of words of equal grammatical weight in a sentence.
not only....but (also)
I must test the software.
A word or word phrase that expresses emotion or exclamation. An interjection has no grammatical connection to other words in the sentence and is set off from the other words by an exclamation point or a comma.
! I had no idea.
, that's good!
! Is that true?
! That hurts!
! This is super!