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Poverty in Canada
Transcript of Poverty in Canada
Poverty in Canada
What are the causes?
Did You Know?
~racial groups and recent immigrants are more likely to be in poverty, have low paying jobs or be unemployed compared to the non-racial Canadians
What do Canadians Think About Poverty and Homelessness
What did they say? What were the causes and are we doing enough?
Local Poverty Actions
- nearly one billion people entered the 21st century unable to read a book
or write their name due to
lack of education
-more than 3.5 million
Canadians live in poverty
- 47% percent of Canadians state
“they would be in financial
difficulty if their paycheck
was delayed by a week".
-poverty costs Canada $72-$84 billion
a year (to Ontarians this means
between $2,229-$2,895 a year)
-costs the healthcare system $7.6 billion a year.
~1.5 million people were in "core housing need", and 3.1 million people were unaffordable housing.
~In 2010, 150,000 to 300,000 people were
visibly homeless while another 450,000 to 900,000 people were considered "hidden" homeless
~Canada is ranked 18th out of 35 industrialized countries
next it could be her --->
~1 billion children live in poverty
~1 in 6 children live in poverty which amounts to 610,000 children throughout Canada
~British Columbia has the highest child poverty rate which is 14.2 while Prince Edward Island is the lowest with 7.7
~Canada's child poverty rate is 11.75
Consequences of Child Poverty
~abuse within the family (women and children are usually the target)
~unhealthy lives (the food they do eat would be empty calories)
~could lead to other problems such as ADHD, obesity, anorexia, depression, fetal alcohol syndrome
~never ending cycle
The Endless Cycle
~if children are born into the world with a life like this, it is rare that they succeed any higher in life
~Canada gives a Child Tax Benefit for families with two or more children
meaning parents have more children for more money but don't realize that the child they have will cost them money as well
Four Feet Up
~a story about 8-year old Isaiah from Nova Scotia
~he tells us abut his experiences through pictures, poems and short stories that he writes, about living in a family who is suffering from poverty
~his family has been in poverty since before
Isaiah was born
~the type of family that is usually affected by poverty is families that consist of two parents and two or more children
~becomes more stressful, dysfunctional and parenting becomes inadequate
~characteristics of thew parents could consist of punitive, inconsistent, authoritarian, and generally non-supportive of their children.
~characteristics of the children could consist of rebellion, anger , or the opposite, quiet, independent, but also searches for approval which they don't get at home
includes free vaccinations that people receive, pills given, etc.
~in 2009 the average income in Canada was $59,700.
~in 2009 the average income for a family in poverty was
~like everyone knows, you will not receive a well paying job without a high school diploma
~81% of high school dropouts said that if they would have known more about the "real-world" it would of helped them stay in school
~high school dropouts face a much greater risk of living in poverty.
~in 2010, 1 in 12 (8.5%) of 20- to 24-year olds, had not obtained their high school diploma
~family financial problems is one of the top ten reasons why high school students dropout
~dropout rate in Canada is 6.6% for women and 10.3% for men
~either the families live off of unemployment, maternity leave, or the little wages they receive
~for the high school, or non-high school degreed person you see a lot of openings in the retail industry or in the hospitality industry, in the fast food industry.
Sneak Peak to Isaiah's Story
as of right now:
~seven provinces have a poverty strategy (NL, NB, NS, QC, ON, ME, PEI)
~four provinces/territories are in the process of creating a poverty plan (YK, NT. NU, AB)
~In May 2012, Canada Without
Poverty launched, “Economic
and Social Rights in Canada“,
an online course that explored
the connection between poverty,
housing, women, health and
economic and social rights.
~throughout Canada there is collaborative research groups and outreach projects to begin the larger problem of poverty in Canada
Alberta Network of Immigrant Women, the Calgary Centre for Culture, Equity and Diversity, and the Colour of Poverty – Colour of Change in Toronto
~Poverty disproportionately affects older people, women, children, recent immigrants, the disabled and aboriginal people
~in 2012, a record 882,000 Canadians used food banks each month (which is the highest usage of food banks ever) over 2 years the usage raised 28%