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Transcript of JUNCTURE
Identify what is juncture
Learn the rules of juncture;
Discuss anticipated challenges and ways on how to deal with them.
Acquire effective ways in teaching juncture;
What is JUNCTURE?
junctura : to join
phonetic boundary features
Why study juncture?
solution to the effects of word or sound boundaries in sentences and clauses.
understand native English speakers
JUNCTURE in sentences
(between thought groups)
clarity in thought relation
Single bar juncture [ / ]
slight pause between two thought groups
One who leaves without a word / is guilty.
logically changes the meaning of the sentence
Pi said / Mr. Parker is an ingrate.
Pi /said Mr. Parker is an ingrate.
Double bar juncture [ // ]
longer pause between two thought groups
Pi Pathel // who is an Indian // survived a shipwreck.
Pi Pathel // together with a tiger // survived a shipwreck.
Looking though the window // he saw an island.
Double cross juncture [ # ]
drop in pitch
Each additional pain is both unbearable and trifling #when you’ve suffered a great deal in life.
What are the classifications of JUNCTURE?
movement of sound which is not continuous
slight stoppage of the last sound till it blends with the next
transcribed using the <+> sign
movement from sound to sound which has no intervening pauses
night rate vs nitrate
/naIt+reIt/ vs /naItreIt/
Junctures Between Sounds
Final consonant sound and initial consonant sound are IDENTICAL or CLOSELY RELATED
sad dog [d:] saddog
social life [l:] sociallife
silver ring [r:] silvering
stop pushing [p:] stoppushing
handsome man [m:] handsomman
Final sound in one word and initial sound in the other word is the combination of [st]:
The [s] is held and the [t] in the first word is dropped.
first student firs_student
best station bes_station
brightest star brightes_star
Final sound in one word is a combination of [st] and the initial sound in the other word is [d]:
The [s] is held and the [t] is dropped.
past dances pas_dances
smoothest dough smoothes_dough
finest dine fines_dine
In stop + stop / stop + affricate sequences, the first stop consonant is unreleased.
Plosive to continuant: plosive is not exploded before the continuant but becomes part of the latter.
From consonant to a vowel: the plosive is exploded blending with the vowel.
soup or salad
pink and blue
From consonant to a vowel: continuous with some continuants.
The linking ‘r’: when the syllable ends with an /r/ sound and the initial sound of the next word is a vowel, the /r/ sound links them.
If one word ends with [ch] and the next word begins with [ch] or [j], there is no juncture.
In the sequence of identical
affricates, no special linking
occurs and the sounds are
pronounced twice in a row.
Voiced and unvoiced
two sounds remain independent
Anticipated challenges in teaching juncture:
There will always be the interference of the L1 and the influences of ‘neutral accent’.
In rapid speech, such distinctions may disappear.
Students will not exaggerate when they speak.
Teacher can tend to shy away from highlighting these in the classroom.
Integrate it in activities.
Drilling and using the board.
Using recording scripts.
Make it part of presenting new language.