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Transcript of Restoration Theatre
used candles with reflectors and oil lamps
plays that mocked the manners and affections of a social class of multiple classes
often represented by stereotypical stock characters.
Authors and Famous Works
The Country Wife- William Wycherly
Renewal of British Theatre 1600's-1800's
after the Interregnum Era
- lack of cultural and economic advancement
due to Charles II
-interested in theatre
End of the Restoration
King Charles II
Law of 1642
Comedy of Manners
Women in Performance
Payment of Playwrights
time before the Restoration
also known as the time between kings.
Puritan control= no theatre
only original showing
member of Parliament before he led the “Ironsides” (a cavalry force) to take over England
leader of the Puritans
led the time period known as "English Common Wealth"
suspended performances for five years.
sentimental comedy, popular in the 19th century.
it was developed the same time as Romanticism.
a male actor
a female actor
area of a modern theater that is located between the curtain and the orchestra
Flats were pieces of scenery that were painted and placed on the stage to show perspective.
precise end not known
some critics would place the end at 1776 (due to the American Revolution) and some at 1989 (the beginning of the French Revolution)
became the 3rd
derived from the Licensing Act of 1737
prohibited any "serious" plays in any theater that wasn't a patent theater
during this era, women first appeared on stage.
prior to this all female parts originally were portrayed by boys
History of the Restoration
-called the Restoration because it was when the English monarchy was
to the throne
Under Charles II= Anglican orthodoxy
bishops made up Parliament
follow the King James version of the Bible which was made for the Church of England
son of Charles I (sentenced to death for treason)
New Performance Styles Developed
everyone allowed to attend
Richard Flecked (1600-1678) wrote, "in particular we do not yet know where to locate the lighting. Such that we can achieve efficiency and intensity in the stage".
In the painting at the Comedy Franchise Museum, Moliere plays on a stage with 6 chandeliers, each lit by 12 candles.
Under Oliver Cromwell= Puritan
this acting style was rather overdone
a less bombastic style was developed after the Restoration
-hero undergoes trial at hands of villain
-extreme reversal at the end
-emphasis on events
-strict moral justice
legitimate drama included comedy, pantomime and melodrama
banned all theatres
The Puritans demolished the Globe Theatre to further eliminate performance
After the Puritans took over, the Puritan parliament issued an ordinance that prohibited all stage plays, due to the strict religious views of the Puritans.
Westminister, England 1720
Samuel Foote bought the theater in 1747, and became manager
All for Love
- John Dryden
The Country Wife-
Love in a Tub-
Oliver Cromwell, the Puritan leader, was forced to step down and Charles II returned as king
King Charles I
loved theatre, legalized it
restored monarchy after Cromwell
first playhouse to hold matinees
a theatre permitted to preform legitimate drama
the plot of the comedy, often concerned with scandal
most importantly, it was offensive and witty
the two flats that moved along grooves
*The Beaux Stratagem- George Farquhar*
The Way of the World- William Congreve
Eleanor Gywn (1650-1687)
Sister, Rose, influenced her to join the Drury Lane Theatre (1666-1669)
leading comedienne of the King's company
Conquest of Granada by the Spinards
Last stage appearance:
a political crisis led to his death in 1658 which resulted in the Restoration
mistress of Charles II
First professional woman playwright
-emphasized by actor/director David Garrick
3rd and 6th nights
During the restoration era, the clothing expressed the suppressed feelings of freedom during puritan rule.
Masculine and feminine dress began to take on the stiffness and "smartness" of posture that was forgotten after James I's death.
Rich women would display their wealth by weaving pearls into their hair.
If women could afford it, the skirt and bodice would be attached.
Skirts in this era were a bit shorter, but only some women shortened them to show the toe.
Men would also wear neck accessories. One of these accessories was called a
was any type of neck dressing that would ruffle out.
There are many variations of cravats, including the rabat (which can be seen in the first costume).
The bodice seen here isn't sewn to the skirt, which shows if a women is poor or not.
Some men, (underneath their breeches) would wear ribbons that would puff out called
Men's heads were shaved, so that they could wear extravagant wigs that was covered with curls.
Importance of King Charles II
returned from France
influenced by their style
brought this back to England
strong supporter of theatre
Theatres resembled those of today, with a pit, box seats, proscenium arch, and audience gallery
melodrama was more popular among middle class
French actor and playwright
Charles II was influenced by French theatre, which was reflected in Restoration Theatre
The imaginary Invalid
British author, poet, translator, dramatist
became literary role model
noticed by Charles II, who made her famous
The Emperor of the Moon