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Restoration Theatre

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Dana Peteroy

on 24 May 2015

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Transcript of Restoration Theatre

Oliver Cromwell
used candles with reflectors and oil lamps
Interregnum
plays that mocked the manners and affections of a social class of multiple classes
often represented by stereotypical stock characters.
Authors and Famous Works
Famous Works
The Country Wife- William Wycherly
Renewal of British Theatre 1600's-1800's
after the Interregnum Era
- lack of cultural and economic advancement
due to Charles II
-interested in theatre

Restoration Theatre
Theatrical Innovations
End of the Restoration
King Charles II
Law of 1642
Haymarket Theatre
Legitimate Theatre
Bombastic
Comedy of Manners
Melodrama
Juvenile
Ingenue
Women in Performance
Payment of Playwrights
Proscenium Arch
Lighting
Flats/Perspective
time before the Restoration
also known as the time between kings.
Puritan control= no theatre
only original showing
member of Parliament before he led the “Ironsides” (a cavalry force) to take over England
leader of the Puritans
led the time period known as "English Common Wealth"
suspended performances for five years.

sentimental comedy, popular in the 19th century.
it was developed the same time as Romanticism.

a male actor
a female actor
area of a modern theater that is located between the curtain and the orchestra
Flats were pieces of scenery that were painted and placed on the stage to show perspective.
precise end not known
some critics would place the end at 1776 (due to the American Revolution) and some at 1989 (the beginning of the French Revolution)
became the 3rd
patent theatre
derived from the Licensing Act of 1737
prohibited any "serious" plays in any theater that wasn't a patent theater
during this era, women first appeared on stage.
prior to this all female parts originally were portrayed by boys
History of the Restoration
-called the Restoration because it was when the English monarchy was
restored
to the throne
Religion
Under Charles II= Anglican orthodoxy
bishops made up Parliament
follow the King James version of the Bible which was made for the Church of England
son of Charles I (sentenced to death for treason)
Acting Style
comedy
New Performance Styles Developed
Technical Advancements
Audience
everyone allowed to attend
Richard Flecked (1600-1678) wrote, "in particular we do not yet know where to locate the lighting. Such that we can achieve efficiency and intensity in the stage".
In the painting at the Comedy Franchise Museum, Moliere plays on a stage with 6 chandeliers, each lit by 12 candles.
Under Oliver Cromwell= Puritan
this acting style was rather overdone
a less bombastic style was developed after the Restoration
Features
-hero undergoes trial at hands of villain
-comic relief
-suspense
-extreme reversal at the end
-emphasis on events
-strict moral justice
legitimate drama included comedy, pantomime and melodrama
Patent Theater
Shutters
banned all theatres
The Puritans demolished the Globe Theatre to further eliminate performance
After the Puritans took over, the Puritan parliament issued an ordinance that prohibited all stage plays, due to the strict religious views of the Puritans.
Westminister, England 1720
Samuel Foote bought the theater in 1747, and became manager
All for Love
- John Dryden
The Country Wife-
William Wycherly
Love in a Tub-
George Etherage
Oliver Cromwell, the Puritan leader, was forced to step down and Charles II returned as king
King Charles I
loved theatre, legalized it
restored monarchy after Cromwell
first playhouse to hold matinees
a theatre permitted to preform legitimate drama
the plot of the comedy, often concerned with scandal
most importantly, it was offensive and witty
the two flats that moved along grooves
*The Beaux Stratagem- George Farquhar*
The Way of the World- William Congreve
Nell Gwyn
Eleanor Gywn (1650-1687)
English actress
Sister, Rose, influenced her to join the Drury Lane Theatre (1666-1669)
leading comedienne of the King's company
Popular roles:
Florimel in
Secret Love
Mirida in
All Mistaken
Jacinta in
Evening's Love
Conquest of Granada by the Spinards
(1670)
Last stage appearance:
a political crisis led to his death in 1658 which resulted in the Restoration
mistress of Charles II
improvisation
gas lighting
Aphra Behn
First professional woman playwright
-emphasized by actor/director David Garrick
3rd and 6th nights
Actors&
Playwrights
During the restoration era, the clothing expressed the suppressed feelings of freedom during puritan rule.
Masculine and feminine dress began to take on the stiffness and "smartness" of posture that was forgotten after James I's death.
Rich women would display their wealth by weaving pearls into their hair.
If women could afford it, the skirt and bodice would be attached.
Skirts in this era were a bit shorter, but only some women shortened them to show the toe.
Men would also wear neck accessories. One of these accessories was called a
cravat
.
A
cravat
was any type of neck dressing that would ruffle out.
There are many variations of cravats, including the rabat (which can be seen in the first costume).
The bodice seen here isn't sewn to the skirt, which shows if a women is poor or not.
Some men, (underneath their breeches) would wear ribbons that would puff out called
cannons
.
Men's heads were shaved, so that they could wear extravagant wigs that was covered with curls.
Charles II
Windsor Castle
Importance of King Charles II
returned from France
influenced by their style
brought this back to England
strong supporter of theatre
Theatres
Theatres resembled those of today, with a pit, box seats, proscenium arch, and audience gallery
melodrama was more popular among middle class
http://www.cwu.edu/~robinsos/ppages/resources/Theatre_History/Theahis_10.html
http://www.cwu.edu/~robinsos/ppages/resources/Theatre_History/Theahis_10.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Interregnum_(England)
http://www.wwnorton.com/college/english/nael9/section/volC/overview.aspx
http://www.bardstage.org/globe-theatre-closed.htm
http://www.localhistories.org/18thcent.html
http://www.cwu.edu/~robinsos/ppages/resources/Theatre_History/Theahis_10.html
http://www.london.umb.edu/index.php/entry_detail/restoration_theatre/theatre_intro/
http://danielgrzeszkiewicz.deviantart.com/art/the-invisible-man-159406675
Works Cited
Moliere
French actor and playwright
defined comedy
Remember:
Charles II was influenced by French theatre, which was reflected in Restoration Theatre
Famous Works
Tartuffe
The Miser
The Misanthrope
The imaginary Invalid
British author, poet, translator, dramatist
became literary role model
noticed by Charles II, who made her famous
Famous Works
Abdelazer
The Rover
The Roundheads
The Emperor of the Moon
Full transcript