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The Comprehension of 12 tenses

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somphong ko

on 4 July 2014

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Transcript of The Comprehension of 12 tenses

Presented by:

Mr. Souksavanh SAYAVET
Mr. Sompong SOUTHAPANYA
Mr. Saykhong VANTHALAD
Mr. Saiyadeth VANHLEEVONG


The presentation will be divided into four parts
Chapter 1: Introduction

. Objectives.

To learn the meaning and structures of active voice in 12 tenses.
To study how to use 12 tenses with each situations.
To be a guideline book for elementary students who are interested on improving their English.

The Comprehension of 12 tenses

Introduction
Literature Review of 12 tenses
Findings
Conclusion and Recommendation

Background.

Active voice is exactly the basic skill in using English grammar. It is most necessary for English learner who would love to improve their skills. Active voice in 12 Tenses is the invisible force that guides us as we put words together into sentences in some situation.

Expected outcome.

English learner will understand the meaning and structures of active voice in 12 tenses.
English learner will be able to make more difference sentences.
English learner will be able to use 12 tenses with each situation.
We will be able to follow the correct structures through upgrading our writing skills.
Research questions

1
2
What are the strategies of the students to learn the 12 tenses in English Grammar?
3
Chapter 2:
Literature

What is Tense?

Tense (noun): a form of a verb used to indicate the time, and sometimes the continuation or completeness, of an action in relation to the time of speaking.
(From Latin tempus = time)
Tense is a method that we use in English to refer to time - past, present and future.

12 tenses in English grammar
In English, There are 3 groups of verb tenses used for time frame indication

1. Present tense
2. Past tense
3. Future tense

Each tense above there are 4 main types of those

+ Simple tense
+ Continuous tense
+ Perfect tense
+ Perfect Continuous tense

01. Present simple tense
02. Present continuous tense
03. Present perfect tense
04. Present perfect continuous tense
05. Past simple tense
06. Past continuous tense
07. Past perfect tense
08. Past perfect continuous tense
09. Future simple tense
10. Future continuous tense
11. Future perfect tense
12. Future perfect continuous tense


Present simple tense

S + verb1 + object
Usage of Present simple tense

01. Regular Actions

Ex: He plays tennis.
02. Facts or Generalizations

Ex: Cats like milk.

03. Scheduled Events in the Near Future.

Ex: The train leaves tonight at 6 PM.

04. Now (Non-Continuous Verbs).

Ex: I am here now.

Present Continuous
S + am/is/are + (1st form of verb or base verb + ing) + object

Usage of Present Continuous

01. Now
Ex: I am speaking English

02. Longer Actions in Progress Now

Ex: We are studying to become a doctor.
03. Near Future
Ex: He is not going to the party tonight
04. Repetition and Irritation with "Adverb of frequency".
Ex: She is always coming to class late
Present Perfect tense
Present Perfect Continuous tense
Past simple tense
Past continuous tense
S + have, has + verb 3 + object
Usage of Present Perfect tense

01. Unspecified Time Before Now

Ex: I have seen that movie twenty times.
02. Duration From the Past Until Now
Ex: She has studied England for six months
S + have, has + been + verb (ing) + object

Usage of Present Perfect Continuous tense
01. Duration from the Past Until Now
Ex: They have been talking for the last hour.

02. Recently, Lately

Ex: She has been working at that company for three years.

S + verb 2 + object
Usage of Past simple tense
01. Completed Action in the Past.
Ex: I saw a movie yesterday
02. Series of Completed Actions.
Ex: I finished work, walked to the beach, and found a nice place to swim.

03. Duration in Past.
Ex: I lived in Brazil for two years.

04. Habits in the Past.

Ex: I studied french when I was a child
05. Past Facts or Generalizations
Ex: She was shy as a child, but now she is very outgoing
S + was, were + verb (ing) + object

Usage of Past continuous tense
01. Interrupted Action in the Past
Ex: I was watching TV when she called
02. Specific Time as an Interruption
Ex: Last night at 6 PM, I was eating dinner.

03. Parallel Actions.
Ex: I was studying while he was making dinner
04. Repetition and Irritation with "Always
Ex: She was always coming to class late
Past perfect tense
Past perfect continuous tense
Future simple tense
Future continuous tense
Future perfect tense
Future perfect continuous tense
S + will, shall + have + verb 3* + object

S + had + verb 3 + object

Usage of Past perfect tense

01. Completed Action Before Something in the Past..

Ex: • I had never seen such a beautiful beach before I went to Kauai.
02. Duration Before Something in the Past

Ex: • We had had that car for ten years before it broke down.

S + had + been + verb (ing) + object

Usage of Past perfect continuous tense

01. Duration Before Something in the Past
Ex: They had been talking for over an hour before Tony arrived.

02. Cause of Something in the Past
Ex:Jason was tired because he had been jogging.

S + will + verb 1 + object

Usage of Future simple tense

01. "Will" to Express a Voluntary Action
Ex: I will send you the information when I get it.

02. "Will" to Express a Promise.

Ex: I will call you when I arrive
03. "Be going to" to Express a Plan.

Ex: He is going to spend his vacation in Hawaii
04. "Will" or "Be Going to" to Express a Prediction
Ex: John Smith will be the next President.

S + will, shall + be + verb ( ing ) + object

Usage of Future continuous tense

01. Interrupted Action in the Future

Ex: I will be watching TV when she arrives tonight.

02. Specific Time as an Interruption in the Future
Ex: Tonight at 6 PM, I am going to be eating dinner
03. Parallel Actions in the Future
Ex: I am going to be studying and he is going to be making dinner.

04. Atmosphere in the Future
Ex: When I arrive at the party, everybody is going to be celebrating. Some will be dancing.

S + will, shall + have + verb 3* + object

Usage of Future perfect tense

01. Completed Action Before Something in the Future

Ex: By next November, I will have received my promotion.

02. Duration Before Something in the Future

Ex: I will have been in London for six months by the time I leave.

Usage of Future perfect continuous tense

01. Duration Before something in the Future

Ex: They will have been talking for over an hour by the time Thomas arrives
02. Cause of Something in the Future
Ex: Jason will be tired when he gets home because he will have been jogging for over an hour.



Chapter III Findings

Tense is important because it can help to know about how to say correct sentence in English. It is always referred to the time in present, past and future and it is either to provide definition each tense.

Research Question 1
There are some strategies for students who would love to learn 12 tenses.
First , make the table of 12 tenses which includes structures; examples and usages in short form then try to remember that table.
Second , Learners have to love reading, and then try to analyze which tense you read and why they use that tense.
Third , Learners should start to use 12 tenses with present and past simple tense at first, then try to use another tenses in writing and speaking .
If English learners can follow these steps, we are strongly to confirm that you will be good in 12 tenses
How the twelve English tenses are important to students in learning English?
Research Question 2 :
What are the strategies of the students to learn the 12 tense in English Grammar?
Which tenses are the frequency used and the least used in the twelve tenses?

Research Question 3:
The frequencies used in the 12 tenses are five main tenses:  
1. Present simple tense
2. Past simple tense
3. Present continuous tense
4. Future tense
5. Present perfect tense
The most one is present simple

Chapter IVConclusion and Recommendation
The main objective of this study are introduction about 12 tenses, to show us know how to make sentences active voice in twelve tenses and how to use them match with each situation. Through this researching we have learnt and clearly understand about the definitions and functions of each twelve tenses.
Conclusion
This topic above, there are some recommendation .
Learners should be understood clearly their structures, definitions and usages
learner should try to use them whenever having free time.
the new researcher or the next writer to study about the comparison between 12 tenses in active and passive voice. It would be helpful for English learners.
Recommendation
How the twelve English tenses are important to students in learning English?
Which tenses are the frequency used and the least used in the twelve tenses?

1.Present perfect continuous
2..Past continuous
3..Past perfect
4.Past perfect continuous
5. Future 2.continuous
6. Future perfect
7. Future perfect continuous
The least used in the 12 tenses are seven:
Ex: He plays tennis.
Ex: I am speaking English
Ex: I have seen that movie twenty times
Ex: They have been talking for the last hour.
Ex: I saw a movie yesterday
Ex: I had never seen a beautiful beach
Ex: I was watching TV
Ex: They had been talking for over an hour
Ex: By next November, I will have received my promotion
Ex: They will have been talking for over an hour by the time Thomas arrives
Ex: I will be watching TV when she arrives tonight
Ex: I will call you
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