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Transcript of school buildings
Type I – 1-storey (3-classroom)
Type II – with post beams, timber roof frames, concrete hollow block (CHB) walls.
Type III – with diagonal bracket supporting the eaves, roof has steep slope, steel columns. SCHOOL BUILDINGS TYPES OF SCHOOL BUILDINGS A. According to Structure
B. According to Design
C. According to Function 1. “Semi-Permanent”- made of a combination of materials such as concrete and 80% lumber A. ACCORDING TO STRUCTURE A. According to Structure TYPE I Wood Construction
TYPE II Wood construction with protective fire-resistant materials one-hour fire-resistive throughout “Semi-Permanent”- made of a combination of materials such as concrete and 80% lumber 2. Permanent”- made of strong and durable materials, 80% of which is concrete TYPE III Masonry and wood construction with exterior walls of incombustible (fire- resistive) construction: one-hour fire resistive throughout
TYPE IV Steel, iron, concrete or masonry construction with walls, ceilings and permanent partitions of incombustible (fire-resistive) construction except permanent non-bearing partitions which shall be one-hour fire-resistive. Permanent”- made of strong and durable materials, 80% of which is concrete 3. Makeshift Structures. Basically made of bamboo, nipa, cogon, lumber and other lightweight materials. These are considered as temporary structures as a means of easing up classroom shortage and temporary shelters during emergencies. B. According to Design 2. Little Red Schoolhouse – a three-room school building in priority multigrade schools with one (1) toilet in each room and water system, classroom furnishings (tables and chairs) donated to fifty (50) schools by the Coca Cola Foundation Philippines, Incorporated. 3. SEDIP Building – funded under the Secondary Education Development and Improvement Project (SEDIP) Building types include a minimum of 2 classrooms with Home Economics and Industrial Arts buidings, a library, a science laboratory and toilets from one-storey to 2 to 3-storey
structures with basic school furniture adopting the DepED classroom dimension of 7.0 m x 9.0 m.
The modified designs are standard designs with minor alterations or modifications to adopt to site conditions (high elevation, short lot, sloping/uneven terrain, etc). Special designs are wholly specific designs meant to meet specific or special needs (e.g. 2-storey, 2 classroom
with science laboratory). 3. TEEP Building – constructed at 2 rooms per unit under the civil works component of the Third Elementary Education Project (TEEP) of the Department, the structure was adopted in 23 provinces covered by the Project. The structure adopts the minimum standards of the Department of the 8mX7m dimension, considering such factors as climatic conditions, location, etc. B. According to Design 4. Army type Building – Assembled at two (2) rooms per unit constructed by the Army in areas affected by typhoons in the 50’s with G.I. sheets for roofing, wooden jalousies for windows on one side.
5. Magsaysay Type Building – the first prefabricated school building started in 1957 predominantly timber-framed with adobe walls and corrugated asbestos roof. Windows are of wooden jalousies on one side of the room with one (1) door for entrance and exit. 6. Marcos Type Building – a pre-fabricated 2 to 3 room school building in the late 60’s with light steel frame, concrete hollow block (CHB) walls, concrete flooring, with an area of 6.0 meters by 7.35 meters per room, usually with galvanized iron (G.I.) sheets roof, steel rafters and steel doors. The per pupil place is 1:1.25 square meters B. According to Designs B. According to Design 8. RP-US Bayanihan Building – refers to a one-storey building funded jointly by the Republic of the Philippines and the United States in the early 70’s made of reinforced concrete designed to resist winds up to 140 mph velocity, built entirely by hand labor with local materials. The area is about 135 square meters (7.95 m X 8.0 m) per room with a 2.50 meters floor to ceiling height, consisting of three (3) rooms with accordion-type concrete partitions, with the windows made of steel frame and wooden jalousies. The per pupil place is 1: 1.68 square meters. B. According to Design 9. ESF Building – Adapted under the Economic Support Fund Elementary School Building Project implemented in 1981, designed to be a typhoon resistant structure which can withstand winds up to 140 mph (225 kph) constructed of durable long lasting materials requiring a minimum of maintenance. The standard building consists of 3 rooms with a floor area of 6.0 meters by 8.0 meters per classroom, has reinforced concrete columns and beams, concrete hollow block (CHB) walls, wooden roof trusses and rafters, and long span Gauge 26 corrugated G.I. roofing. B. According to Design 10. Imelda Type Building – Designed in 1983, the building consists of a 2-storey concrete structure adopted only in four (4) cities of Metro Manila (Manila, Quezon, Caloocan and Pasay cities) and other large cities in the country due to the non- availability or very limited sites for horizontal expansion and the high cost of land in these areas. It has a minimum of 18 classrooms, concrete hollow block (CHB) walls, capiz inlay windows and red bricks for roofing. B. According to Design 11. GOJ-EFIP Building – implemented from 1994 to 2001 under the Japanese Government-funded Educational Facilities Improvement Program (EFIP), through JICA, the structure has a minimum of 3 classrooms, toilets and a science laboratory (in the case of secondary schools), with school furniture and equipment. Recipient schools were those along major roads with water and electricity and have safe ground conditions (not flood-prone, etc.) B. According to Design B. According to Design B. According to Design B. According to Design A. According to Structure 12. GOJ-TRSBP Building – refers to the typhoon-resistant school building funded by the Japanese Government through the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) implemented from 1988 to 1994 in areas affected by typhoons using the Japanese newly developed technology for constructing typhoon-resistant school buildings. The schools received a minimum of 3 classrooms, an office, and toilet. Secondary schools received a science laboratory and/or workshops with school furniture and science equipment. Priority considerations are classroom deficiencies and site availability. B. According to Design 13. Multi-Purpose Workshop Building – a school building designed to accommodate the Home Economics and Industrial Arts classes with a dimension of 7.0 meters by 18 meters for 50 students with a kitchen, dining/living area, storage/ work area, bedroom, lavatory/ comfort room/ bathroom and a cabinet area, usually allocated to schools applying the standard that for every eight (8) classes, there should be one (1) Multi-Workshop building. B According to Design 14. FVR 2000 Building – referred to as “Fabricated Vigorous Room 2000,” it is a demountable type of school building made of structural members, fiber cement boards for walls, and PVC corrugated sheets for roofings. The prototype model is in Barangay Pungo, Calumpit, Bulacan and tested in various regions. B. According to Design 15. RAMOS Building – also referred to as the “Readily Assembled Multi-Options Shelter” (Ramos) building, is a pre-fabricated detached type classroom building made of structural steel and heat-shield PVC sheets, a patented school building technology which meets the minimum specifications of DECS (now DepED) and other standard requirements of the DPWH. It is constructed at 2-rooms per unit adopting the 7m by 8m dimension in selected schools. B. According to Design 16. FFCCCII Building – a school building donated by the Federation of Filipino-Chinese Chamber of Commerce and Industry (FFCCCII) under the “Schools In The Barrio Project” assembled at two (2) rooms per unit, usually with a floor area of 6.0 meters by 7.0 meters with glass jalousies for windows, concrete hollow blocks (CHB) walls and corrugated galvanized iron (G.I.) roofing sheets. B. According to Design 17. Spanish Grant School Building Package – Assistance from the Government of Spain provided to areas affected by Typhoons Unding, Winnie and Yoyong in December 2004 in Aurora, Quezon and Iloilo City, and those by armed conflict in Mindanao, specifically, to 36 elementary and 29 secondary schools. Classroom dimension is 7m x 9m (2 to 4 classrooms per school) with basic furniture (desk, armchairs, teacher’s table and chairs, blackboards and cabinets). B. According to Design SEDIP Building C. According to Function 4. Corridors - required at ground level if appropriate direct access to enclosed spaces is provided. Every corridor shall not be less than 1.10 meters wide and shall be unobstructed. Above ground level, the minimum clear width is 2.00
meters provided that the provisions of the National Building and Fire Codes of the Philippines and other relevant rules and
regulations are observed. 1. Instructional Spaces
2. Administrative and Service Spaces
3. Non-Programmed Spaces
4. Corridors 1. Instructional Spaces - designed to directly accommodate the educational program.
1. In elementary schools - classrooms and work education shops or multi-purpose buildings for Home Economics and
Industrial Arts Classes
2. In secondary schools offering general curriculum - classrooms, computer rooms, science laboratories, and Technology and Livelihood Education (TLE) shops.
3. In Secondary Vocational Schools, basic instructional spaces also include specialized shops libraries, learning centers, gymnasiums, and similar spaces are classified as instructional spaces when they are used directly in conjunction with the curriculum
4. Multipurpose Workshop Building - a modular type of school building to include components for home economics, industrial arts, agricultural arts, etc. 2. Administrative and Service Spaces - serve to facilitate administrative and administration – related functions and services such as administrative offices, canteens, or lunch counters, medical-dental clinics, guidance room, dormitories, etc. 3. Non-Programmed Spaces - not directly related to the implementation of the educational program and administrative functions or services such as lobbies, corridors, stairs, etc. Minimum Standards for Instructional & Administrative Spaces for Schools 4. Computer Room/Laboratory – 1.40 sq. m. per place shall accommodate at least ten (10) networked Personal Computers (PCs) with other necessities and accessories, such as:
• Computer tables and chairs
• Proper electrical wirings and outlets
• Air conditioning units – 2 window type, preferably 1.5 hp each
• Windows and doors with iron grills and locks 3. School Shops
Practical Arts/Technology/Industrial Arts and Home Economics(EPP-TLE) - 2.50 sq. m. per place
Girls Trades/Homemaking - 2.50 sq. m. per place
Wood Trades - 5.00 sq. m. per place
Metal Trade - 5.00 sq. m. per place
Mechanical Trades - 7.00 sq. m. per place
Electrical Trades - 4.00 sq. m. per place
Drafting/Drawing - 2.50 sq. m. per place
Farm Mechanics - 5.00 sq. m. per place
Fish Capture/Culture/ - 2.50 sq. m. per place 1. Classroom
1. 40 sq. m. per place
2. Science Laboratory
2.10 sq. m. per place 5. Library/Learning Resource Center (LRC) – 2.40 sq. m. per place
The library/LRC shall have a capacity of 10% of the enrolment at 2.40 sq. m. per place, provided that the total area is not less than that of a standard classroom. 7. Administrative and Service Spaces
Administrative Office - 5.00 sq. m. per place
Medical/Dental Clinic - 28.00 sq. m. gross
Guidance Room - 28.00 sq. m. gross a. Nursery (Pre Kindergarten)
Class Size – maximum of 15 children to a class
Class hours – 2 hours daily
Physical Structure – floor area of at least 7m x 9m in a 500 to 1,000 square meters lot
Toilet and washing facilities must be adequate enough to serve the number of enrollees.
Hazards to safety of small children must be looked into such as wells, diggings, stairways, pools, electric installations, etc. to minimize or eliminate accidents
Activity Centerso Listening/Speaking and Acting areao Reading cornero Housekeeping areao Aesthetic Centero Work areao Health/Clealiness areao Playground b. School Site (for Kindergarten only)
Minimum lot area 500 square meters (sq. m.) (for not more than 4 classes)
classroom 140 sq. m. (minimum)
playground 360 sq. m.
1. Alternative space for playground – nearest park or open space not more than 200 meters from walking distance from the school. This arrangement must be approved in writing by the authorized representative of the park or open space.
2. School site must be used for educational purposes only, must not serve as residence of the owner and should not be a “convertible school” (during day time is used as school and after class hours is a residence or used for commercial purposes)
3. Provision for office, teachers’ room, music and library room or rooms combining any two of these must be considered.
Classroom size should be 1.5 square meters per child c. Equipment
Playground and Garden
Playground apparatuses must be installed in the school ground (jungle gym, sandbox, slide, balance beams, simple obstacles – tires and tunnels)
Classroom Equipment and Fixtures
• Furniture (tables,chairs, shelves, lockers and cabinets must conform to the standards based on an anthropometric measurement of preschool age children, both in standing and sitting positions.
• Beds and/or mats may be provided for rest periods. d. Health Facilities and Provisions for Safety
At least one (1) toilet seat for every 25 children at one time, preferably with separate bath room for boys and girls
First aid kits must be available•
A rest area may be provided for children. (free from hazards such as diggings, stairways, pools, open electric wires and unsafe outlets)•
Proper and adequate lighting and ventilation– there should be natural and electric lighting– for a 7 x 9 classroom, at least two (2) 40 watt fluorescent lamps and one (1)wide window
* Electric fans to allow cross ventilation. e. Activity Centers or areas which may contain the following or their equivalent:
* Personal Care and Grooming– mirror, comb, towel, toothbrush, soap, toiletries, etc.
* House and Garden Care– garden tools (shovel, spade, pails, sprinklers, sandtable, cleaning tools, etc.)
* Communication Skills Corner– books (two books per child) – story books, science/nature books, Filipiniana, etc.
* Sensory-Perceptual and Numeracy Skills Corner– Science and Mathematics Corner(counters, beads, number cards, nature tables, etc.) 9. Strengthened Technical-Vocational Schools
SHOPS/WORKSHOP/LABORATORY AREA PER PLACE
Industrial Arts/Home Economics 1.5 sq. m.
Wood Trades 5.00 sq. m
Metal Trades 5.00 sq. m
Mechanical Trades 7.00 sq. m
Electrical Trades 4.00 sq. m
Drafting/Drawing 2.50 sq. m.
Farm Mechanics 5.00 sq. m.
Fish Capture, Culture, Preservation 2.50 sq. m.
Computer Room, Laboratory 1.40 sq. m.
Science Laboratory 2.10 sq. m. • For existing building
– preferably located near the Division Office– building area is 300 square meters (minimum)– minor repair/renovation79– no structural defects– road access
– preferably located near the Division Office– lot area is at least 400 square meters– road access LAPUS Building – short for “Learning And Public Use School Building,” it is a 1-storey (2-classroom) structure, designed for the typhoon-prone areas to serve various functions (classroom for up to 63 students, evacuation centers for at least 6 families, and venue for special school and community activities). Made of reinforced concrete, secured during flooding typhoon/earthquake resistant than one-storey buildings, with steel doors and windows, basic lighting fixtures and outlets, with an estimated life span of more than 50 years. – a school building designed in the 1920’s by virtue of Act No. 1914 (Gabaldon Act on School Buildings) authored by Congressman Isauro Gabaldon in 1909, categorized as either permanent or semi-permanent based on the availability of materials in the locality