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ODYSSEY FAMILY RELATIONSHIP TREE
Transcript of ODYSSEY FAMILY RELATIONSHIP TREE
By Kinal Patel
Kronos was the son of Uranus and Gaia. He was known to be the god of time and ages,
and he gave birth to 12 powerful gods.
Poseidon is one of the sons of
Kronos and Rhea. He is known as the god of the seas, horses, and earthquakes. Throughout the Odyssey, he was depicted as an obstacle towards Odysseus because he made Odysseus' travel home very troublesome. He created monsters and rough sailing conditions for him.
Hades was also the son of Kronos and Rhea. He was known as Lord of the Underworld or the dead. His 3 powerful brothers were Zeus and Poseidon. He was part of Odysseus' journey as well because Odysseus traveled through his Underworld and saw many people he used to know and had died. Odysseus also learned what his prophecy and fate was going to be like in the Underworld as well.
Zeus is the son of Kronos and Rhea. He is known as the god of law, order, and weather. He is brothers with Poisedon and Hades.
In the Odyssey he strikes Odysseus' boat with a bolt of lightning fulfilling his brother's desire to make Odysseus suffer for blinding his son, Polyphemus.
Charbdyis is the daughter of Poseidon and Gaia. She is known as the goddess that created whirlpools in the strait of Messina. When Odysseus was sailing near her territory, she became a monstrous whirlpool and sucked Odysseus' men into her whirlpool.
Polyphemus was the son of Poseidon and Thoosa. He was known to be the giant eyed cyclops that livied in a cave in the Sea of Monsters. Facts have not stated that he had any siblings, but it has been said that he was related to the cyclops that lived on the island with him. Odysseus sneaks into his cage and stays there. However, Polyphemus decides he wanted to kill Odysseus, but in the end Odysseus escaped.
Hermes is the son of Zeus and Maia. He was known as the messenger of the Gods. In the Odyssey, he helped Odysseus by persuading Circe to let him go and by sending the spirits of those who died to the Underworld with Hades.
Athena was the daughter of Zeus and Metis. she was known as the goddess of wisdom and war. In the Odyssey, her smart battle plans and Odysseus' bravery helped him to get rid of all of Penelope's suitors.
Hephaestus was the son of Zeus and Leda. He was known as the god of fire and forge. He was married to Aphrodite. In the Odyssey, Hephaestus catches Aphrodite cheating on him with Ares, the god of war.
Aphrodite was the daughter Zeus and Dione. She was known as the goddess of beauty and love. In the Odyssey, Paris was promised by her to be the husband of the most beautiful mortal woman on earth, Helen. However, she was already married so he took her away and caused the Trojan war.
Helen was the daughter of Zeus and Leta. She was the most beautiful woman in Greece and was married to Menelaus. However, she was taken away to Troy. This caused the Trojan War.
Menelaus was the son of Atreus and Atrope. He was married to Helen and was the king of Sparta. After Helen was taken away from him, he declared war.
Paris was the son of Priam and Hecuba. He was promised by Aphrodite to be married to Helen even though she was already married to Menelaus. He captured Helen and fled to Troy causing the Trojan war.
Odysseus is the son of Laertes and Anticlea. He was the king of Ithaca and hero of the Odyssey, In the Odyssey he was known as the clever leader of the people returning from the Trojan war.
Calypso is the daughter of Atlas
and did not have a mother. She was a nymph that kept Odysseus on her island for almost ten years as her lover. The two had an affair even though Odysseus remained loyal to his wife, Penelope.
Penelope was the daughter of Icarus and Polycaste. They had a son, Telemachus but he is born right before Odysseus left on his quest. When he was away, Penelope turned down over a hundred marriage proposals and Odysseus returns to slay all the suitors alongside Telemachus.
Telemachus was the son of Odysseus and Penelope. He was a powerful warrior like his father and grew up trying to find his father. When Odysseus returned to Ithaca, the two killed all of the suitors that proposed to Penelope, Odysseus' wife and Telemachus' mother.
Circe, daughter of Helios and Perse, was known as a sorceress with an expansive knowledge of drugs and herbs. She lives on an island of tamed animals and turns her enemies, primarily men, into animals. She lures Odysseus and his men and drugs their drinks but they escape with the help of Apollo. After a year, Telemachus comes to her island and the two marry,
Scylla was the daughter of Phorcys and Ceto. She was known as a beautiful nymph until a jealous goddess cursed her into a sea monster. She lives on one side of the strait that Odysseus and his men must pass to continue to Ithaca. She eats six of his men but the rest of the crew move forward safely.
Achilles was the son of Peleus and Thetis. He was known as a hero in the Trojan war. Achilles was physically invincible except for in his heel. He was killed at the end of the war when he is shot in his weak spot. Odysseus sees him later on during his descent into the realm of Hades and updates him that his son is doing heroic deeds, comforting the distressed Achilles.
The Sirens were a group of monsters that were the daughter of Achelous and various Muses. They lured sea travelers to their death with beautiful tunes. In the Odyssey, Odysseus is tied to the mast of his ship and his mens' ears are filled with wax so they are not tempted by the Sirens' song. They successfully navigate past the Sirens.
Hyperion was the son of Uranus and Gaia. He was known as one of the twelve Titans of light. In the Odyssey, Odysseus and his men sacrificed to him and then ate his cattle which angered him.
Tiresias was the son of Everes and Chariclo. He was known as a helpful blind prophet who mainly served Apollo. Odysseus meets him in the underworld where he learns his prophecy of his quest. Tiresias tells him what events will happen and advice to overcome them to arrive back to Ithaca safely.