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Tin Roof Blues
Transcript of Tin Roof Blues
To identify the characteristic features of Tin Roof Blues
How can a structure as rigid as a 12 bar blues form be developed to incorporate variety?
Tin Roof Blues:
Based on the 12 bar blues chord sequence. The basic structure of each chorus involves three lines of four bars each: Practice playing the sequence
Complete the following table
The structure of Jazz
The structure of jazz has three main principal components:
has 3 main layers:
Bass – Generally coincides with the beat with a crotchet note
Melody – Often moves twice as fast as the bass in quavers/semi-quavers
Chords – Typically change at half the rate of the bass (or comping
off beat chords/chords in the spaces).
The chords can be played by piano, banjo, guitar or if none of these
instruments, split between brass/reed instruments.
Percussion – Drums would usually play with brushes and swing rhythm
with the ride cymbal with a few light fills so that the other
instruments can be heard.
Theme and variations
• The typical Jazz performance is a type of theme and variations
• In the jazz version of theme and variations, a performance begins with the statement of a pre-composed melody, often a pop standard or a familiar jazz tune, which jazz musicians call the ‘head’. This constitutes as the ‘theme’.
• The head is then followed by an indefinite number of improvised variations on the theme. These variations are normally called choruses.
• The choruses generally follow the same structure and harmony of the original theme.
• Each soloist will improvise over the head once or twice, sometimes two players will play 4 bars each – this is called trading fours.
• It is traditional to finish off with a restatement of the head.
• More elaborate versions may include an intro, one or more interludes, a short tag or extended coda.
• The most common song form is the 32 bar AABA form
• The A section is played twice which has a first and second ending
• The first ending contains a turnaround to lead back to the opening theme
• The section A ending modulates to the key of the B Section or Bridge. At the end of the bridge there is a modulation back to the A section.
Jazz Standards in AABA form:
• The Man I love
• Anything goes
• Satin Doll
• I got rhythm
• Someone to watch over me
• Lullaby of birdland
Jazz Standards in ABAC form:
• This form has 4 8 bar sections; Here are some examples –
I can’t give you anything but love
Time after time (Chet Baker):
But not for me
The days of wine and roses
Exercises to do at home for related listening for Jazz composition:
Analyze the forms of several of the following tunes. Indicate the major sections
with the usual letter notation (A, B, C, etc.), and indicate any significant thematic
ideas, motifs or additional sections.
• Night and Day:
• Autumn in New York:
Jazz Chord symbols:
Try Q1-3 only