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Rise + Fall of the Roman Republic

Time-Line
by

Jake Fennick

on 17 June 2013

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Transcript of Rise + Fall of the Roman Republic

Time
753 B.C
509 B.C
406 B.C
390 B.C
343 B.C
340 B.C
The Rise and Fall of the Roman Republic
326 B.C
280 B.C
264 B.C
238 B.C
218 B.C
214 B.C
200 B.C
171 B.C
149 B.C
150 B.C
133 B.C
107 B.C
91 B.C
88 B.C
73 B.C
65 B.C
63 B.C
59 B.C
58 B.C
53 B.C
49 B.C
48 B.C
44 B.C
ROME FOUNDED
Republic Established
Rome Attacks Veii
Gauls Take Rome
First Samnite War
Second Samnite War
Third Samnite War
Pyrrhic War
First Punic War
Land Acquisition
Second Punic War
First Macedonian War
Second Macedonian War
Third Macedonian War
Third Punic War
Fourth Macedonian War
Tiberius Gracchus is Murdered
Marius is Elected Consul
Social War
Sulla Marches on Rome
Spartacus and the slave revolt
Casear elected Aedile
Catiline Conspiracy
Caesar, Pompey, Crassus strike an alliance
Caesar Campaigns in Gaul
Defeat of Romans at Carrhae
Caesar defeats Pompey
The Death of Caesar
Caesar Crosses the Rubicon
Latin War
Romulus and Remus quarrel over which hill to settle their city on
Romulus kills Remus and establishes Rome on the Palentine Hill (Bank of the River Tiber)
Misrule under Tarqunius Superbus leads to his expulsion
Nobles establish a Republic ruled by annualy elected consuls and guided by a powerful Senate
Citizens vote in popular assemblies for higher-ranking people
Rome goes on the offensive against the neighboring Etruscan city of Veii
The siege lasts 10 years. Romes first major victory in it's thirst for land
Roman defenders fail to stop a large Gaulic invasion at the battle of the Allia river
It takes huge quantities of gold and wealth to convince them to leave
Rome attacks the Samnites for land
Rome wins, gains Campania
The Latin war was the revolt of the Latin states under Romes control
Rome crushes their resistance, but gives them citizenship to Rome
Rome clashes against the Samnites for a second time
Rome wins again
298 B.C
The Samnites form an alliance with the Etruscans, Umbrians, and Gauls
Rome defeats the alliance at the battle of Sentinum
Rome fights with the Greek king Pyrrhus
Pyrrhus defeats the Romans at Heraclea (280 B.C) and Asculum (279 B.C)
Pyrrhus is crushed by Rome at Beneventum
Rome fights with Carthage at sea
Rome has not touched naval power yet but it builds a navy and defeats Carthage in a series of naval battles
Rome gains Sardinia and Corsica from Carthage
Hannibal Barca marches his forces (including elephants) over the Alps to fight the Romans in a very close war
Rome defeats Hannibal at the battle of Zama, and gains Spain
King Philip of Macedonia invades Illyria
Conflict ends in a Stalemate
Rome gains Greek allies and defeats Philip of Macedonia at the battle of Cynoscephalae in 197 B.C
Philip is allowed to stay in power but he must stay within his borders
Kind Perseus of Macedonia attacks Greek states
Rome sends backup to the Greeks, defeat Perseus
Rome attacks Carthage over a border dispute
When Carthage eventually succumbs to Roman forces, it is leveled and 50,000 Carthaginians are enslaved
Rome gains much of Northern Africa
Andriscus attempts to take control of Macedonian States
Defeated in 148 B.C
City of Corinth is sacked and completely destroyed in 146 B.C
Tiberius Gracchus (Populares politician) wanted to give land to the peasants
Aristocrats object
Gracchus is assassinated at a popular assembly meeting
Gaius Marius is elected 6 times between 107 and 100 B.C
He is responsible for abolishing property qualifications for military service (Poor peasants can get land through the military)
Several Italian States rise up against Rome in a revolt
The states declare an independent confederacy and mint their own coins
Over by 88 B.C (In Rome's favor)
Lucius Cornelius Sulla, an ambitious consul, marches troops into Rome
Sulla rules as dictator, killing his enemies via proscription lists and giving land to his veterans
Spartacus leads a slave revolt with at least 90,000 slaves
Revolt quelled by Marcus Crassus and Spartacus is killed
Remnants of his force finished off by Pompey
Julius Caesar elected Aedile (Head of public games)
He spends lavishly and is very popular
63 B.C he is elected High Priest (Pontifex Maximus
Marcus Tullius Cicero accuses Lucius Sergius Catilina of conspiring against the Republic
Cicero orders the conspirators to be exectued but Cataline escapes and raises an army of veterans and other dissidents
He is killed by Republic forces in 62 B.C
Julius Caesar forms the First Triumvirate
Propels him to consulship in 59 B.C
Eight years as governor of Gaul brings him wealth and popularity
Extends the border of Gaul to the west bank of the Rhine, demonstrating his military prowess
Marcus Crassus goes to Parthia in an attempt to gain land and wealth
He loses and is cut to pieces
Julius Caesar crosses the Rubicon River seperating Gaul from Italy with his army
He establishes control over Rome
Julius Caesar defeats Pompey's forces at Pharsalus
Pompey flees to Egypt, where he is murdered
Caesar strikes an alliance with Cleopatra
Julius Caesar is declared dictator for life
On March 15th, a group of nobles surround Caesar in the Senate and stab him to death
(The thought of him as too much of a king)
Jacob Fennick, Period 2
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