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Transcript of McCarthyism
the 50s In the 1950's America became greatly afraid
of communism and feared of internal communist subversion.This was called the "Red Scare"
Fewer than 50,000 people were with the communist party out of the 150 million Americans. Everyone was constantly questioned about alleged political beliefs and some lost their jobs over it. Franklin D Roosevelt, was the president durning this time. was an American politician who served as a Republican U.S. Senator from the state of Wisconsin from 1947 until his death in 1957. He was noted for making claims that there were large numbers of Communists and Soviet spies and sympathizers inside the United States federal government and elsewhere. a United States policy using numerous strategies to prevent the spread of communism The Domino Theory: was a theory during the 1950s to 1980s, promoted at times by the government of the United States, that speculated that if one state in a region came under the influence of communism, then the surrounding countries would follow in a domino effect The Wheeling Speech: McCarthy made a speech claiming he knew who were communists in the State Department, and produced a paper with a list of names. This sent America into the "Red Scare" Quote: "The State Department is infested with communists. I have here in my hand a list of 205—a list of names that were made known to the Secretary of State as being members of the Communist Party and who nevertheless are still working and shaping policy in the State Department." (HUAC) House Committee on Un- American Activities: HUAC was a House committee, and as such had no formal connection with McCarthy, who served in the Senate, although the existence of the House Un-American Activities Committee thrived in part as a result of McCarthy's activities. It was their mission to investigate alleged disloyalty and subversive activities on the part of private citizens, public employees, and those organizations suspected of having Communist ties. The Hollywood Ten: The Hollywood Ten is an American 16mm short documentary film. In the film, each member of the Hollywood Ten made a short speech denouncing McCarthyism and the Hollywood Blacklisting. Some of the Hollywood Ten, like Larry Parker and Roy Huggins, were black listed and "named". Most who were "named" lost their jobs. Some of these well-known artists accused of communist sympathies or called before the committee were Dashiell Hammett, Waldo Salt, Lilian Hellman, Paul Robeson, Leonard Bernstein, Charlie Chaplin and Group Theater and were black listed and also couldn't work. McCarthy’s “helpers” Joseph Mcarthy had helpers in the HUAC committee who was promoted by the Motion Picture Industry Council, his name was Roy M. Brewer. This also included John Garfield and Dalton Trumbo, both whom had volunteered to act as observers for the studio pickets in the Conference of Studio Unions strike. Joseph McCarthy fate was already decided. He lost his power cause of all the criticism he had towards other people and was to be eternally judged. McCarthy's Fate The HUAC was later renamed the Internal Security Committee and then later it was abolished so it is no where to be found today. HUAC's Fate The Crucible and McCarthyism? What does The Crucible and McCarthyism have in common? McCarthyism is about false accusation without hard evidence and poor judgement, just like the Crucible.