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Copy of 6th grade Puberty

6th grade puberty unit
by

Dawn Hurley

on 21 March 2017

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Transcript of Copy of 6th grade Puberty

Puberty
The wonder years

Big Idea
I can identify specific names for the human anatomy
I can describe the changes that may occur during puberty
I can describe the basic process of reproduction
I can analyze the reasons to remain abstinent.
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Guidelines for discussion
-Treat the subject seriously

-Use humor appropriately

-Use the correct terms for body parts and functions

-Respect other people and their ideas

-No gossiping

-Avoid personal questions and stories. If you do have a question put it in the question box.

-Ask questions! Questions are good!!
Eyes changed color
Height
Acne
Hair
Muscle
Size
Weight
Perspiring
Growing pains
Smarter Responsible
How you think Understanding
Stress
Thinking independently
Emotions
Social Crushes
Girlfriends and Boyfriends Fighting
Spending more time with friends
Making up with friends
Choosing friends
Fights with parents, siblings, cousins etc
Voice Weight
More hair in various places Height
Growth stop Stronger
Acne
Size
Self esteem Interests
Body Image Things you like
Character Smarter
Maturity
Opinionated
Girlfriends and boyfriends Joining sports and clubs
Marriage
Loss of family and friends
Deaths
Friend selections (good and bad)
Joining "cliques"
What is the smallest unit of life?
Body systems
Think it over!

Did you know that each of you were born a single cell? That single cell divided and divided into billions of cells that work together in all the systems in your body.
A cell
Skeletal system
Muscular system
Respiratory system
Circulatory system
Heart & blood
Nervous system
Digestive system
Reproductive system
Integumentary system
Skin
excretory system
liver, bladder, ETC
Endocrine system
Think about ways you have already changed for each system!

Are your bones growing? Are you getting more muscle? Are you growing more hair?
What do you know about puberty?

What do you want to know about puberty?
Changes
Day 2


Puberty is the time when your body begins to change from a child’s body into an adult body.
During puberty, your body will grow faster than at any other time in your life, except for when you were a baby.




It helps to know about the changes that puberty causes before they happen. That way, you know what to expect.
It also helps to know that everybody goes through these changes! No matter who you are.



Usually, puberty starts between ages 8 and 13 in girls and ages 9 and 15 in boys. This wide range in ages may help explain why some of your friends still look like young kids whereas others look more like adults.




Girl hormone: estrogen
Boy hormone: Testosterone
What is puberty?
Why are we learning about puberty?
How long does puberty last?
Hormones:
When you go through puberty, it might seem like your sleeves are always getting shorter and your pants are creeping up your legs.

That's because you're having a growth spurt that lasts for about 2 to 3 years
With all the changes happening in your body it might seem like your feet are growing more than anything on your body. This might make you clumsy! But don't worry- You will fill out and the rest of your body will catch up and you will feel less klutzy!
Boys
Breasts
develop

Weight gain

Underarm hair

Pubic hair

Grow taller
Shoulders widen

Voice gets deeper

Voices crack

Become more muscular

Penis growth

Facial hair
Girls
Bodies become curvier

Hips get wider

Menstruation (period) will start after two years of puberty beginning
Puberty & Growing
Think and act more independently
Mood swings
Emotions
Controlling your response??
Emotional changes:
Male hormone production increases
Facial hair appears
The voice gets deeper
Shoulders broaden
Muscles develop
Sperm production begins
Breast can become tender & enlarge temporarily
External genitals enlarge
Males:
Uterus- pear-shaped reproductive organ in which the baby grows and develops until birth
Anus- opening from which feces leaves the body
Urethra- tube through which urine leaves the body
Bladder– holds urine (not a part of the reproductive system)
Why does it take a male & a female for a new human life to start?
To reproduce, a male and a female each contribute a sex cell, the sperm and the egg, to form a new cell that will become a baby.
Fertilization is the joining of the sex cells to make a new life grow.
Reproduction is possible when fertilization happens.
That is how many animals, including humans, make more of themselves.
What does the word fertile mean?

What does fertilizer do for plants?

What do you think fertilization means?
Fertilization
To make a copy of; to produce offspring
Have you ever seen a reproduction of an old painting?
What do you think reproduction means?
Reproduction- the process of making more of the same kind
What does the word reproduce mean?
Reproduction
How did the discussion go?
What has helped you get more comfortable as you communicate with your parents or other trusted adults?
The 3rd question you asked was about getting answers to questions about growing up. Name some ways people can get answers to questions about growing up.
Discussion of homework:
(Personal Hygiene)
Female hormone production increases
Breasts develop
Hips get wider
Uterus and ovaries enlarge
Ovulation occurs
Menstruation begins
Body fat increases
Females:
How are we…

Similar?


Different?
Physical Changes & Puberty
Females vs./ Males
Cervix- narrow end of the uterus that opens into the vagina
Vagina- passage between the uterus and the outside of the body
Vulva- external genital area between a female’s legs
Fallopian Tubes- two tubes through which an egg cell travels from an ovary to the uterus
Ovaries- organs where egg cells and female sex hormones are produced
Labia- folds of skin on either side of the vagina
Clitoris- sensitive erectile organ at the top of the vulva
Terminology for the Female Anatomy
It is responsible for most of the changes our body goes through during puberty.

What is the function of this system?

During puberty our bodies become physically able to reproduce.
Boys are able to get a girl pregnants.
Girls are able to become pregnant.

Although our bodies may be ready, young people won’t be ready to be parents for many years to come.
Reproductive System
If the female is ovulating (the release of an egg) and if the male ejaculates inside the females vagina (typically 2,ooo sperm survive) they could become pregnant.
When a male and female engage in sexual intercourse…
To be a parent!
What are reasons to postpone parenting until adulthood?
The BIG responsibility…
Soon you will be entering a new stage in life. The next few years will be a time of rapid change for you, a time when you will change from a child into


an adult.
This time of change is called…
PUBERTY!
These changes last a few years!
Growth spurt occurs
Acne may appear
Perspiration increases
Body hair appears
Most permanent teeth have come in
Mood swings
Feet grow
Male & Female
Scrotum- pouch that contains the testes
Testes or Testicles- glands that produce sperm
Urethra- tube in penis through which urine and sperm exit the body
Vas deferens- tubes through which sperm exit the testes
Anus- opening from which feces leaves the body
Bladder- holds urine and is not part of the reproductive system
Foreskin- fold of the skin over the head (end) of the penis (uncircumcised)
Penis- organ used when urinating or for reproduction
Terminology for the Male Anatomy
Terminology Continued...
http://www.brainpop.com/health/bodysystems/hormones/
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Female anatomy continued...
Puberty Cont. & Anatomy
What is a change in puberty that indicates a boy’s body will soon be able to cause a pregnancy?
The fertilized egg will attach itself to the thickened lining of the uterus and start to grow into a baby.
The lining is needed for the growing baby, the lining does not flow out of the body; therefore there is no period.
Pregnancy only happens when?
The lining of the uterus get thick in case the egg is fertilized.
If the sperm cells meet with the egg as it travels through the fallopian tube, the sperm can fertilize the egg cell, and a new life will begin.
This is called con________.
Ovulation
No pain, like the result of other bleeding.
However, cramps and premenstrual symptoms may occur.
Continue to do normal activities.
Typically have a period once per month until the age of about 50 years old.
Your body will stop releasing eggs.
Symptoms:
If the egg has not been fertilized by sperm, conception has not taken place.
The lining of the uterus is not needed for the egg to grow in, so the lining sloughs off and leaves the body through the vagina.
This is called: menstrual flow, menses or period. (see diagram)
Menstrual flow
What is the change in puberty that indicates a girl is physically able to get pregnant?
Menstruation, Ovulation
& fertilization
What is sexual intercourse?

Why is it important to wait until adulthood/marriage?

ABSTINENCE!!!
Semen will continue to produce until the man dies.

Sperm are the cells that can fertilize the egg cell from a woman’s body.

That only happens if a man has sex with a women.
Sperm fertilizes the egg in a woman
Sperm is produced constantly, so they build up inside.

A boy may release semen during his sleep.

It causes a wet spot on the sheet and clothes and is called: wet dreams.
Wet dreams are a normal part of growing up.

They are a sign that semen will continue to be produced until the person dies.
Nocturnal emissions (wet dreams)
menstruation
The clear sign that a girl is growing into a woman.This is when her body is capable of having children.
QUICK review of puberty

Where are egg cells produced in females?

Where is sperm produced in males?

Who usually begins puberty earlier, males of females?

How long does puberty last?

What are nocturnal emissions? Who gets it?

What is menstruation? Who gets it?
As you Grow
During puberty, I might face these challenges:

I can take good care of myself by doing these things:
Puberty pointers for girls
Puberty Pointers for Boys
Reduce body and foot odor
Care for skin
Keep hair healthy
Be prepared for menstruation
Know how to handle cramps
Recognize normal vaginal secretions
Avoid vaginal infections
Form healthy relationship
Anticipate crushes
Understand curiosity
Decide to wait
Reduce body and foot odor
Care for skin
Keep hair healthy
Expect nocturnal emissions
Know whether you are circumcised or uncircumcised
Avoid jock itch
Wear an athletic supporter
Form healthy relationships
Anticipate crushes
Understand curiosity
Decide to wait
https://brainpop.com
Full transcript