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Transcript of American Revolution
Much like an illness, revolutions can also be studied in stages
FEVER MODEL OF REVOLUTION
What differences are there between the beginning, the height of the flu, and the end?
Describe the progression of an illness like the flu.
In a revolution, this stage would be the first to involve direct action resulting from the social, political, intellectual, or economic causes of the incubation stage. This stage might involve the publication of works calling for a change, street level riots by the common people,
or more direct attempts at changing the society.
This stage in an illness is when sickness starts to affect the person in observable ways. Temperature may rise. A cough might present itself. The individual might become weak and queasy.
This stage in an illness is when the cause of the sickness first comes into contact with the individual, infecting them, but not yet causing any symptoms to present themselves.
In a revolution, this stage would involve the political, social, intellectual,
or economic causes. In some cases, these causes could fester for
many years before showing themselves in the form of actual
This stage involves recovering from the illness. The individual might be weakened from the experience, but he or she will eventually emerge healthy and with new knowledge and experience that might prevent the illness from occurring again.
In a revolution, this stage would involve recovering from the extreme disruptions of the crisis stage. In general, the political, social, intellectual, or economic causes of the revolution must be addressed in some way, though not necessarily to the satisfaction of all
This is the critical stage in an illness where two things can happen. The individual either breaks the fever after a heightened stage of illness or the individual gets progressively worse and does not recover.
In a revolution, this stage would be the make or break part of the struggle. It may involve conflict where sides for and against the revolution compete. This competition could take the form of debate or full-scale war. Successful revolutions survive this stage. Those that do not are usually considered failed rebellions.
Enlightenment ideas: use logic to solve problems in society
Glorious Revolution: British citizens overthrew govt. (example for colonists)
French and Indian Wars: British raised taxes on colonies (ex-Stamp Act) --> "No taxation without representation"
Anatomy of the American Revolution
Boston Tea Party: colonists protested Tea Tax
Thomas Paine: Wrote Common Sense, said colonists had right to declare independence
Declaration of Independence: Written by Jefferson in 1776, listed complaints about British rule
British advantages: more soldiers, weapons, and $$
American colonies' advantages: more heart, help from France, distance from GB
Marquis de Lafayette: French general that came to help Washington
Treaty of Paris: signed in 1783, ended the Am. Revo.
Articles of Confederation: America's 1st govt., states have most of the power --> too weak
US Constitution: written in 1787
separation of powers (Montesquieu)
protection of natural rights (Locke)
speech & religious freedoms (Voltaire)
Effects: success inspired French and Latin Am. revolutions