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Direct Method In Teaching Language

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by

Ali Çağrı Ay

on 5 October 2012

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Transcript of Direct Method In Teaching Language

THE DIRECT METHOD The direct method of teaching, sometimes called ; The Reform Method The Natural Method The Anti-Grammatical Method The Berlitz Method It was developed by Maximilian Berlitz towards the end of the 19th century as a reaction to the grammar translation method.
It is named direct because meaning should be connected directly with the target language without translation into the native language Practically useful knowledge of language.
Knowing a language is to speak it.
The teacher uses the L2
Students are involved.
L1 is never used and no translation.
Speaking, listening, writing are emphasized.
Correct pronunciation.
Language can best be taught by using it actively in the classroom TECHNIQUES Reading aloud
Question and answer exercise
Getting students to self-correct
Conversation practise
Fill-in-the-blank exercise
Dictation
Map drawing
Paragraph writing Chess is a two-player board game played on a chessboard, a square checkered board with 64 squares arranged in an eight-by-eight grid. It is one of the world's most popular games, played by millions of people worldwide at home, in clubs, online, by correspondence, and in tournaments.
Each player begins the game with sixteen pieces: one king, one queen, two rooks, two knights, two bishops, and eight pawns. Each of the six piece types moves differently. Pieces are used to attack and capture the opponent's pieces, with the object of the game being to 'checkmate' the opponent's king by placing it under an inescapable threat of capture. In addition to checkmate, the game can be won by the voluntary resignation of one's opponent, which typically occurs when too much material is lost, or if checkmate appears unavoidable. A game may also result in a draw in several ways, where neither player wins PRINCIPLES Classroom instruction is conducted exclusively in the target language. The teacher should demonstrate, not explain or translate. NEVER TRANSLATE: DEMONSTRATE Only everyday vocabulary and sentences are taught. BASIC VOCABULARY IS GIVEN FIRST Grammar is taught inductively. There may never be an explicit grammar rule given DO NOT GIVE RULES: MAKE THEM FIGURE OUT THE RULE. New teaching points are introduced orally. ORAL TRANSMISSION Correct pronunciation and grammar are emphasized. CHECK THEIR SPEAKING SKILLS Student should be speaking approximately 80% of the time during the lesson. SPEAK SPEAK SPEAK !!! Vocabulary is taught through known words, demonstration, authentic objects (realia), pictures, and miming. DON'T TEACH THE WORDS BY TRANSLATING The teacher, by asking the student to make a choice, gets him to correct his own error. LEARNING BY SELF-CORRECTION The syllabus is based on situations or topics, not usually on linguistic structures. CONTEXTUAL/TOPICAL TEACHING Purpose of language learning is communication; therefore students need to learn how to ask questions as well as answer them. COMMUNICATION-FIRST PRINCIPLE Fill-in-the-blanks
-Chess is a two-player board game played on a .......
-Each player begins the game with ...... pieces: one....one....two.....two.....two.....eight......
-The object of the game is to '............' the opponent's king chessboard player square escape worldwide attack Have you ever played chess and did you like it? Do you think chess makes you smarter or only the smart people can play chess?
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