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Mohamed Junaibi

on 30 December 2012

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Transcript of SSS

By: Mohamed Al Junaibi and Abdulla Al Shaibani Souq Oqadh The Time of Existence What is Souq Oqadh? Souq Oqadh was similar to a festival because it did not exist throughout the entire year. It started from the first day of Dhul Qu’da until the twentieth then people would head to Souq Majna until the end of Dhul Qu'da. On the beginning of Dhul Haja, they would spend eight days in Souq Al-Majaz then make their way to Mecca for pilgrimage. Souq Oqadh was one of the three major markets in the outskirts of Mecca during the Jahiliya period and the other two major markets were known as Souq Majna and Souq al-Majaz. The residents of Souq Oqadh were the Huwazin and Odwan tribe. Why Was It Called Souq Oqadh? It was called Souq Oqadh because Arabs use to gather around, brag, read poetry, worship idols and It was famous for its poetry competitions. Features of Souq Oqadh It was considered to be a market where they sold literary and tangible goods. They sold various items such as wine, clothes, dates, honey, camels, books and some poets auctioned their work of poetry. During the festival, they would hold poetry competitions and select a great poet to be the judge of it which were mostly members of the Bani Tamim tribe. So many things occurred in the Souq such as people bragging and insulting one another through disagreement or poetry (charging too much for a good or discriminating against a family) which would result in the entire family developing hate for the other. This even led to wars, such as Harb al Fujar. It was also a common time for marriages, as many fathers would seek out suitable men for their daughters. Harb Al Fujar It was a war that took place in A Jahiliya period between Al Kinana and Ghutfan tribe and lasted for 10 years. It was named Harb al Fujar because it took place in Souq Oqadh during the month of Haram ( the month where no one cusses the other or fights) and Fujar means doing something haram such as drinking or anything forbidden in Islam. The reason for this war was because a member of the Kinana tribe killed a man from Al Ghutfan tribe. They were fighting for a long period of time that they forgot the cause of this war and eventually it lead to a truce between the two tribes. The Ending of Souq Oqadh Souq Oqadh was used as a resting area for people travelling to Mecca to perform pilgrimage. They stopped to pray and rest then made their way to Mecca. Therefore, Souq Oqadh was part of the pilgrimage of Al-Jahiliya( Similar to Arafat today). However, after the Muslims conquered Mecca, , The Souq was permanently shut down .There were many reasons to why Souq Oqadh ended. However, one of the major reasons was because it was considered to be a festival during Al Jahiliya period but When Islam came, the prophet did not want to revive the manifestations of ignorance. Thank You !
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