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Ming Dynasty--Matteo Ricci

Mac, Arden, Joseph, Ashley
by

Arden Reynolds

on 1 February 2013

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Transcript of Ming Dynasty--Matteo Ricci

After the death of Matteo, there
was a lot of controversy over how Christianity should be thought of. Chinese argued that Christianity was an new religion, but Christians belived that China had been claimed before - hand. This argument went on for a long time after his death, and the emperor expelled anyone who did not understand the position of Ricci. Matteo Ricci Mac, Arden, Joseph, and Ashley Matteo Matteo was born October 6, 1552 in Macerata, Italy. He was a Roman Catholic. He died on May 11, 1610 in Beijing, China. He founded the Catholic missions of China, in Macerata, part of the Papal States on October 6th 1552; at Beijing, May 11th, 1610. In 1577 he asked to be sent on the missions in farthest Asia, and his request being granted he embarked at Lisbon, March 24th , 1578. Matteo Ricci was educated at home by his parents in his childhood, but later in life he studied law and theology at a Roman Jesuit School. Macerata Italy Matteo Ricci was an Italian Jesuit who who was sent on a China Mission. When he arrived in China, he fell in love with Chinese culture, and created a home for himself and other Jesuits in Beijing.
Ricci was important in China because he was a great mathematician, Astronomer, translator, writer, map-maker and scientist and inventor. Some of his works include translating the first six books of Euclid into Chinese, becoming the Court mathematician in Beijing, writing Chinese books on the astrolabe, sphere, measurements and advanced mathematics. He introduced trigonometry and astronomical techniques and units. The most important contribution he made to the Western world was making an almost completely accurate map of China. He was and still is important in China's history because of his large contributions to math and science, and for teaching many Chinese about his works. In addition, he converted many Chinese to Christianity, including Li Yingshi, a war veteran, astronomer and a master of feng shui, in a feat he called "extraordinary". Matteo Ricci affected China in many ways and was the first to do a lot of different things. He was the first western scholar who read chinese literature. He did that to get to know the chinese people. He also studied Chinese old scriptures. Furthermore, he was an explorer who preached in China. He didn't only make great contributions to the exchange between China and the west, but also exerted great influence on Japan, and the countries on the Korean Peninsula in learning western civilization. Our group learned that who Matteo Ricci was, and how he made great advances in math and science that greatly helped China and the Western world. He made a very detailed map of the country of China. We learned what his contributions were, and that he taught many his discoveries and thoughts. We learned that he was born in Italy, educated by his parents who forbade him to talk about religion at home, but that he then became a Jesuit, against his father. We learned that he was a preacher for the Jesuits and he preached in China. We found out that he was the first Western scholar to read and write Chinese. We learned what the life and hardships were of Jesuits living in China. Matteo Ricci used math concepts to make and teach how to make accurate calendars. Though he wasn't planning to, Matteo
Ricci stayed in China for 27 years, the
rest of his life after coming there in 1583. Li -Ma-Ku was Ricci's Chinese name. His name is said to be the most well-known European name in all of China.
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