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Godden and Baddeley's (1975) study of divers

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Georgia Pine

on 11 May 2014

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Transcript of Godden and Baddeley's (1975) study of divers

The table shows percentages were higher when the learning and recall conditions (environment) were the same (32% and 37%). When the learning environment and the recall environment were different, recall was lower (24% and 23%).
Godden and Baddeley wanted to study the effect of the environment on recall and the effect of retrieval cues. The specific aim was to see if there was BETTER recall when the recall environment was the SAME as the learning environment.
Participants were divers - 13 male and 5 female, all from the same diving club. They were on a diving holiday in Scotland.
They chose underwater as one environment and on land as the other.
The divers had to learn a list of words either on land (dry) or underwater (wet). They then had to recall the same words either on land (dry) or underwater (wet).
There were 36 words of 2-3 syllables, randomly chosen.

Variables and Design
The IV is whether the two contexts (environments) were the same or different.
The DV is how many words were correctly recalled from the list of 36.
The same divers did all four conditions, so this was a repeated measures design.
Therefore there were 4 conditions:
-dry learning and dry recall - wet learning and wet recall
-dry learning and wet recall - wet learning and dry recall.

The first two ('dry' and 'dry' and 'wet' and 'wet') were where the retrieval cues were the same as the cues at encoding and storage.
The second two ('dry' and 'wet' and 'wet' and 'dry') were where the cues at encoding and storage were not present as retrieval cues for recall.

That divers would remember more words (forget less) if the learning and recall environments were the same (either learning and recalling underwater or learning and recalling on land) than if the learning and recall environments were different (either learning underwater and recalling on land or learning on land and recalling underwater)
Godden and Baddeley's (1975) study of divers
The environment can act as a contextual cue. When the cognitive environment at recall is the same as at encoding, forgetting is less.
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