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The Roles of Intuition and Reason in Decision Making

A philosophy presentation on the relationship between Intuition and Reason
by

Sam Clark

on 20 September 2013

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Transcript of The Roles of Intuition and Reason in Decision Making

PERCEPTION
Decision Making
And the Relationship Between Intuition and Reason
Coffee Shop Troubles
Person is... (This is important)
Loudly speaking on their cell phone in the middle of an otherwise quiet coffee shop
Using vulgar language
Alone
Unfamiliar to you and others in the shop
(Knowledge Issue Question)
What is the relationship between Intuition and Reason in the decision-making process?
KIQ
Arrow
Arrow #2
Unpacking
A belief that is held and employed in the absence of reason. We can break them down into...
Natural Intuition - associated with instincts and human nature
Learned Intuition - exactly what it sounds like
Intuition
Ways of Knowing
Reason (or lack thereof)
Emotion - namely intuition and fear
Perception
Area of Knowledge
Human sciences: Psychology
Back to Real Life Situation
Arrow #3
But first, a note on Human Nature
Human nature is made up of instincts, as shown
instinct
instinct
instinct
instinct
instinct
instinct
instinct
instinct
instinct
instinct
instinct
instinct
instinct
instinct
instinct
instinct
instinct
instinct
instinct
instinct
instinct
instinct
Human Nature
Fear of the Unknown
Humans, as a species, have a crippling fear of that which we do not know.
These instincts are intuitive beliefs and behaviours that have been evolutionarily developed to help us stay alive
And...
In this real life situation, the rude man is unknown to us. We can only guess at his reaction to confrontation.
Therefore
Instinct for fear of the unknown
Status:
ACTIVATED
So,
Do you confront him, or not?
What about what we
DO
know?
Perception
The man is...
Speaking loudly in a quiet place
Using vulgar language
Irritating to other people, but seemingly ignorant of this
Therefore, we would likely perceive him as:
RUDE
INSENSITIVE
IGNORANT
Reason
We may conclude that there is a chance that he will respond aggressively to confrontation
Therefore
Instinct for fear of the unknown
Status:
REINFORCED
This was done through a process of reason and perception
Some would argue...
Reason
You're in a coffee shop; not a common stage for real conflict
It is likely that the man is ignorant of the fact that he is annoying people
Most people, when confronted, would be understanding and compliant.
Therefore
The risk involved in confrontation is negligible
HANG ON!
This argument suggests that we should
IGNORE
intuition and perception

in favour of a solely reasonable approach
Also,
While it is high in certainty, it is not 100% certain.
In fact,
We have perceived the man to be rude, insensitive, and ignorant
Arrow #4
Implications
Let's try another situation
Arrow #5
Back to the KIQ
What is the relationship between Intuition and Reason in the decision-making process?
As for the relationship. they're interdependent
Intuition
Reason
First off,
Intuition
=
Now, let's conclude...
Arrow #6
(Last One)
The Conclusion
It all starts with
INTUITION,
but trusting intuition without reason is risky, so...
We must
PERCEIVE
our situation, and thereby draw a
REASONED
conclusion.
This conclusion will either confirm or deny what
INTUITION
is telling us, and in so doing, either reinforce or weaken the justification behind the beliefs that are held through intuition
And now, we have all of the tools we need to make our decision, and hopefully we arrive at...
You're about to jump off of a 60-foot bridge into a river
Intuition:
Are you insane?
Reason:
I won't hurt myself. I'm jumping into water, and I know how to fall
...Now what?
Me:
It's the same relationship between intuition and reason, only now they're conflicting.
FEAR OF HEIGHTS

REASON
vs.
EVERYONE WILL HESITATE
Why?
Intuition
KNOWLEDGE
Sam Clark
Full transcript