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How did The Union and The Confederacy Prepare for War?

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Francesca Esposito

on 16 December 2013

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Transcript of How did The Union and The Confederacy Prepare for War?

Union and Confederate Strengths
Southern Politics
The Upper South
Fort Sumter falls, President Lincoln called for 75,000 volunteers
the Fort Sumter was the beginning of the Civil War
military was created in the Upper South
a lot of people left the Union and seceded even though they did not want to
Virginia was the 1st to secede on April 17, 1861
Congress responded to Virginia by moving the capital of confederacy to Richmond
early June of 1861, Arkansas, North Carolina, Tennessee, seceded
How did The Union and The Confederacy Prepare for War?
Financing The War
The South had better trained troops and officers.
A lot of the fighting took place in the South, so the Southerners were familiar with the land.
Simply, they had everything to lose and more to fight for.
Most of the railroad systems were controlled by the North
There were approx. 23 million people living the union in 23 Northern states and the Confederacy had only 9 million people in 11 states.
North had an enormous industrial advantage.
Because of the amount of people, supplies were more accessible.
Economic Advantages:
1. Larger Population
2. Northern Industries
3. Railroads
4. Controlled the national treasury
5. Continued revenue from tariffs
6. Banks held large reserves of cash
Economic Problems:
- Many people become concerned about
north's ability to win the war so they
withdraw their money from the bank.
*Causes banks to be unable to buy
government bonds
*Legal Tender Act is passed
Economic Advantages:
- Food Production=
* The South's fertile land was used for production of cash crops, such as cotton and tobacco, and rice and corn.
The Upper South Soldiers
John C. Calhoun
South disagreed with Wilmot Provioso
Did not believe in the Compromise of 1850
Whig Party splits up
Economic Problems:
1. Smaller Population
2. Railroads
3. Planters in debt and unable
to buy government bonds
4. Banks were small with few
cash reserves
5. Union navy blockaded
Southern ports
6. Inflation
- The first "modern" war
- Huge armies
- New tactics
- Conoidal Bullets --> better
accuracy and range
- Telegraph --> quick communication
- Balloons --> observe enemy troops
- Ironclads --> Iron plated steamships
The Anaconda Plan:
- proposed by Winfield Scott
- The Union would blockade
Confederate ports and send gunboats
down the Mississippi to divide the
- opponents said the plan was too slow
Getting soldiers:
- At first tried offering bounty
The Militia Act
was passed in 1862
(this gave Lincoln the authority to
call state militias and draft troops)
- Finally, the national draft was
introduced in 1863
- more than 3/4 of the U.S. navy officers came from the North
- Jefferson Davis' idea = attacking and
retreating when necessary and avoiding large battles that may cause much loss;
a defensive war of attrition
- South's response = outraged because they believed themselves superior fighters; therefore
they decided to fight an offensive war
where they had high casualties
Getting soldiers:
- they resorted to conscription
Southern Military:
- The South had a strong military tradition
- 7/8 military colleges were in the South
The Anaconda Plan
Jefferson Davis
Two main southern parties
American Party
Southern Democrats
Southern Politics
Election of 1856
Southern American Party chooses Fillmore
James Buchanan wins and gets Southern support
Election of 1860
Democrats Split
Southern Democrats choose John C. Breckinridge or Stephen Douglas
Abraham Lincoln wins the election
Confederacy is formed
South decides to secede from Union
Became the Confederate States of America
Jefferson Davis became president of Confederacy
1840s Era
Full transcript