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Battle of Iwo Jima
Transcript of Battle of Iwo Jima
(Adm. Chester A. Nimitz)
American soldiers fighting on the beaches of Iwo Jima Battle Statistic How Geography Effected the Battle Overview America and Japan were the two countries at the battle for Iwo Jima The geography of the island greatly affected the outcome of the battle. For example,
the Japanese couldn't get reinforcements because they were in the middle of the ocean and the Americans surrounded them on all sides. Also, there was a volcano on one side of the island, which gave the Japanese cover, to allow them to fire down upon the Americans. However, General Kuribayashi allowed too many troops to embark on the island before firing, and the Americans won through sheer force and number. The battle was fought from February 16th-March 26th 1945 The "Finesse" In the invasion of Iwo Jima, tanks, bombers, and ships were used. For 76 days, planes bombarded the island, while the ships encircling the island guarded for escaping ships. Eventually, the tanks and marines were brought onto the island in transport ships, where the Japenese resisted with 13 artillery pieces, 200 light and heavy machine guns, and 4,552 rifles. During these days, the marines used M1 Garand, Thompson M1, M1 Carbine, M-2 flamethrowers, and the Browning M1917 Machine Gun.
In this battle, the Americans had the better weapons. Most of the weapons that the Japanese had, were ill equipped with bullets. As a result, near the end of the invasion, Japan had run out of weapons and ammunition. This changed the outcome of the battle drastically, for if the Japanese had more ammunition and good weapons, they would have been able to hold out a lot longer due to their strategically positioning. A lot of weapons were used during the battle for Iwo Jima. Guns and grenades were used a lot, either to stop the Americans from advancing, or to destroy the Japanese bunkers. Furthermore, the favorite weapons of the war were flamethrowers, which were used to smoke/burn out the bunkers. Also, bombs were used a lot along with the artillery. The bombs were used for three months before the actual invasion, to weaken the Japanese force, while the artillery was fired from the ships to destroy the bunkers that the people lived in. The American weapons on the most part were more effective. Their artillery weakened the other forces so greatly, that by the time that the Americans actually used land invasion, the Japanese were only able to put up a minor struggle. The loser, Japan, was forced to give up Iwo Jima, one of their largest islands. This was one of their most-fortified areas, and upon losing their soldiers there, lost a huge amount of their army. The winner, America, managed to conquer a huge outpost. This victory was the first of many victories that led to the Japanese downfall. This war contributed greatly to the American victory. The End! Countries Involved Location The Battle for Iwo Jima was located on the island of Iwo Jima Iwo Jima has a volcano, is surrounded by water, and has a series of tunnels going through the island How long did the Battle Last? Leaders in command, what was used, and who was better trained? In the battle there were boats, planes, artillery, and infantry, involved. Japanese Commanders: Tadamichi Kuribayashi Takeichi Nishi
American Commanders: Holland Smith
Marc Mitsicher The Japanese were better prepared for battle. Iwo Jima was amazingly fortified with a system of tunnels and hidden artillery. As a result, the American bombings and shelling was unable to deter the Japanese forces a lot. The Battle of Iwo Jima By: Dan, Wyatt, and Jasper Bibliography
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Iwo Jima. Photograph. Http://image.blog.livedoor.jp/roseatorie/imgs/c/9/c9324228.jpg.
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