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Battle of Iwo Jima

By: Dan Grober, Jasper Han, and Wyatt Hackett
by

dan grober

on 9 May 2010

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Transcript of Battle of Iwo Jima

Summary Map of Iwo Jima Weapons and Machinery Used Flamethrowers and Grenades were effective at clearing bunkers Warships such as the USS Washington (above), USS North Carolina, and USS West Virgina fired 16 inch shells onto the island Sherman M4A3R3 Medium Tank equipped with a flame thrower P-51 Mustang and assorted bombers bombed the island constantly. Timeline •December 8, 1944 74 straight days of bombing leading up to invasion •February 19, 1945 first landing on Iwo Jima •February 23, 1945 28th Marines plant flag on Mt. Suribachi •February 27, 1945 Americans Capture 2nd Airfield •March 3rd, 1945 Americans Capture 3rd Airfield •March 20th, 1945 Last Organized Japanese Resistance is crushed •March 25th, 1945 last surviving Japanese launch a desperate final attack on Americans •March 26, 1945 Battle Declared complete at 0800 •April 18th, 1945 Last US Marines Leave Iwo Jima Quote "Among the Americans serving on Iwo island, uncommon valor was a common virtue."
(Adm. Chester A. Nimitz)
American soldiers fighting on the beaches of Iwo Jima Battle Statistic How Geography Effected the Battle Overview America and Japan were the two countries at the battle for Iwo Jima The geography of the island greatly affected the outcome of the battle. For example,
the Japanese couldn't get reinforcements because they were in the middle of the ocean and the Americans surrounded them on all sides. Also, there was a volcano on one side of the island, which gave the Japanese cover, to allow them to fire down upon the Americans. However, General Kuribayashi allowed too many troops to embark on the island before firing, and the Americans won through sheer force and number. The battle was fought from February 16th-March 26th 1945 The "Finesse" In the invasion of Iwo Jima, tanks, bombers, and ships were used. For 76 days, planes bombarded the island, while the ships encircling the island guarded for escaping ships. Eventually, the tanks and marines were brought onto the island in transport ships, where the Japenese resisted with 13 artillery pieces, 200 light and heavy machine guns, and 4,552 rifles. During these days, the marines used M1 Garand, Thompson M1, M1 Carbine, M-2 flamethrowers, and the Browning M1917 Machine Gun.
In this battle, the Americans had the better weapons. Most of the weapons that the Japanese had, were ill equipped with bullets. As a result, near the end of the invasion, Japan had run out of weapons and ammunition. This changed the outcome of the battle drastically, for if the Japanese had more ammunition and good weapons, they would have been able to hold out a lot longer due to their strategically positioning. A lot of weapons were used during the battle for Iwo Jima. Guns and grenades were used a lot, either to stop the Americans from advancing, or to destroy the Japanese bunkers. Furthermore, the favorite weapons of the war were flamethrowers, which were used to smoke/burn out the bunkers. Also, bombs were used a lot along with the artillery. The bombs were used for three months before the actual invasion, to weaken the Japanese force, while the artillery was fired from the ships to destroy the bunkers that the people lived in. The American weapons on the most part were more effective. Their artillery weakened the other forces so greatly, that by the time that the Americans actually used land invasion, the Japanese were only able to put up a minor struggle. The loser, Japan, was forced to give up Iwo Jima, one of their largest islands. This was one of their most-fortified areas, and upon losing their soldiers there, lost a huge amount of their army. The winner, America, managed to conquer a huge outpost. This victory was the first of many victories that led to the Japanese downfall. This war contributed greatly to the American victory. The End! Countries Involved Location The Battle for Iwo Jima was located on the island of Iwo Jima Iwo Jima has a volcano, is surrounded by water, and has a series of tunnels going through the island How long did the Battle Last? Leaders in command, what was used, and who was better trained? In the battle there were boats, planes, artillery, and infantry, involved. Japanese Commanders: Tadamichi Kuribayashi Takeichi Nishi

American Commanders: Holland Smith
Marc Mitsicher The Japanese were better prepared for battle. Iwo Jima was amazingly fortified with a system of tunnels and hidden artillery. As a result, the American bombings and shelling was unable to deter the Japanese forces a lot. The Battle of Iwo Jima By: Dan, Wyatt, and Jasper Bibliography

"Battle for Iwo Jima." Department of Defense-Battle for Iwo Jima. US Government. Web. <http://www.defense.gov>.
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Clancey, Patrick. "Pacific Theatre of Operations." HyperWar. Web. 04 May 2010. <http://www.ibiblio.org/hyperwar/PTO/Iwo/index.html>.
National Park Service. "Chronology of the Battle of Iwo Jima." War in the Pacific: Chronology of the Battle of Iwo Jima. National Park Service. Web. 03 May 2010. <http://www.nps.gov/archive/wapa/indepth/PacTheaterCAmp/Iwo/chronology.htm>.
O'Brien, Cyril J. "Iwo Jima Retrospective." Iwo Jima: A Rememberance. Military.com. Web. 04 May 2010. <http://www.military.com/NewContent/0,13190,NI_Iwo_Jima2,00.html>.
USS Washington Underway at Puget Sound. 1945. Photograph. Http://www.military.cz/ww2_ships/USA/BB/Washington/washington01.jpg.
Wikipedia. "Battle of Iwo Jima." Battle of Iwo. Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Web. 3 May 2010. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Iwo_Jima>. "WWII - SHERMAN TAN

Buruma, Ian. "JapanFocus." Eastwood's War: The Battle of Iwo Jima. JapanFocus. Web. 06 May 2010. <http://www.japanfocus.org/-Ian-Buruma/2360>.
Iwo Jima Map. Photograph. Http://secondworldwarmaps.files.wordpress.com/2008/09/operations-map-of-iwo-jima-prepared-23-oct-1944.jpg.
Iwo Jima. Photograph. Http://image.blog.livedoor.jp/roseatorie/imgs/c/9/c9324228.jpg.
Japanese and American Flags. Photograph. Http://dn3047.k12.sd.us/Event/Pics/Flags.jpg.
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