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Transcript of Cabrera
500 hp engine, 10.15 kg CO2 per gallon (20.3 kg per trip)
Average €42.50 per person
€2 would have generated €47,192
Waive fee for school groups Public Use Fees
Fees for use
Carrying Capacity Studies
Recommendations Regulatory Setting Pristine for now but vulnerable to tourism increases and funding decreases
Conclusions Annual maintenance contract of € 50,000
Fees should cover the maintenance with extra saved for new installations
More detailed use information
Half Day, Full Day, Overnight Public Use Fees Mooring 2,135 divers in 2010 Public Use Fees: Scuba Diving No free anchoring allowed Navigation 300 visitors at a time Golondrinas Lack of transparency
75% loss in budget since 2010 Financing Natura 2000, costs €5.8 billion to run, is worth €200-300 billion annually
Stores 9.6 billion tons of Carbon Transparency and Economic Valuations 3 boats per day
Natural rotation Scuba Diving 15-22 employees 8,704 Ha of marine area Cabrera National Park 1,400 employees By 2020 tourism will increase by 36% Ranked 2/4 for planning “Where conservation is considered of general interest for the nation.” 10 million visitors per year Spain’s National Park Network Declared a National Park in 1991 1870 Cabrera lighthouse completed 1916 Cabrera officially becomes property of the state
Native pine forest cover increases from 5 to 300 hectares 9,000 French prisoners were held from 1809-1814
Only 3,600 survived History Park area 10,021 Ha Approximately 70,000 visitors 18 small islets
Set fee to level that will control demand
Incentivize teaching environmental awareness and limiting access to experienced divers with fee reduction. Carrying Capacity Study
Estimate 5,000-6,000 dives per site
(Hawkins and Roberts) Outline 1. Background
3. Status Quo
4. Recommendations Questions? Margaret Sands Balearic Eco-Tax €1/day:
Claimed a drop of 2 million visitors
€31 million in revenue
5 official complaints Current budget:
€1.8 million National Parks are public and therefore can't charge gate fees Port-Cros Declaration aims to communicate values of ecosystem services 2 Companies 50 overnight buoys, additional for diurnal use Lack of Public Budget Data for a Public Good Balearic Eco-Tax Failure Fees are more likely to be accepted when their purpose is clear Low Tourism=Low Priority Posidonia has a GPP: Respiration rate of 1.78.
Important Carbon sink. Valuation of Ecosystem Services
Carrying Capacity Studies
Fees for Use