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Compare and Contrast the foreign policy goals AND achievemen

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AVERY ATKINSON

on 13 March 2014

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Transcript of Compare and Contrast the foreign policy goals AND achievemen

Otto von
Bismarck
(1815-48)
Comparing and Contrasting
Bismarck and Metternich
Klemens von
Metternich
(1862-90)

Junker and staunch conservative

A master of realpolitik

"Iron and Blood"

Main goal to unite Germany



Prince Klemens von Metterich

Austrian foreign minister

Committed to conservatism
Prime Ministers

Upper Middle Class

Conservatives

disliked liberalism

Both were in support of military government intervention
Metternich

Believed that liberalism and nationalism were threats to stability and the survival of the Austrian Empire

Directed Congress of Vienna

Committed to maintaining balance of power

Wanted to crush nationalist and liberal ideas
Congress of Vienna:
-created the Confederation of Germany, which replaced the HRE, as well as containing 39 independent states that were ruled by Austria.

Bismarck

Chosen by William I as his prime minister in 1862

Enlarged and re-equipped the Prussian army to gain more expansion

Formed the North German Confederation with a new constitution
Carlsbad Decrees: -dissolved Burschenschaften (student associations)

Nationalism and Liberalism: -There were Constitutions made in Baden, Bavaria, and Wurttemberg that all allowed monarchs to resist demands of constitutionalists.
Congress System

-Congress of Aix-La Chapelle : GB, Russia, Austria, and Prussia removed their troops from France and was now on good standings with other European Nations.
-Congress of Troppau: Holy Alliance signed this which stated that stable gov.’s might intervene to restore order in countries experiencing revolution.
By 1870, the empire was the strongest European state and became quickly industrialized.

Bismark proposed universal male suffrage and used the constitution of the North German Confederation.

Bismark used the German Empire to strengthen the role of Prussia in world affairs.
The German Empire
In 1864, he started a series of wars that would establish Prussian power in Europe.

This lead to the Danish War, Austro-Prussian war, and Franco-Prussian war.


Unified Germany as Southern German States joined.

Schleswig, Holstein, Alsace, and Lorraine were annexed to the German Empire .

Both
Each wanted to control Germany

Used censorship
-spies
Both kicked out of countries

Great influence upon history

Similarities
Metternich wanted to bring unity to Austria, while Bismarck did the same for Germany.

Both strived to make strong monarchies.

Both were very conservative.

Similarities
Differences:

Bismarck fought for liberalism and nationalism while Metternich wanted to crush them.

Bismarck would not declare war but he had other countries do so for him.

Metternich wanted to keep Germany from uniting, while Bismarck did everything he could to unite it.

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