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Industrial Acids and Bases

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Bryle Kent Loviña

on 26 August 2014

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Transcript of Industrial Acids and Bases

History
Bases
Mineral
Organic
Bolaños
Loviña
Olaguer
.
.
History:
Mineral Acids
Organic Acids
any Inorganic Acid
e.g. HCl, HBr, etc.
Carboxyllic Acids and all other Organic acids
e.g. Lactic acid, Acetic acid
- Substance that yields hydrogen ions (H+) when dissolved in water
• Discovery of vinegar soon followed after discovery of wine
• Jabir Ibn Hayyan (8th cent) discovered nitric acid and the mixture of nitric and hydrochloric acids, which was called aqua regia,"kingly water," because of its ability to dissolve gold
• 17th cent, atomists started to try explaining the chemical properties and reactions of acids and bases
Mineral Acids
Mg(OH)2
Social
Ca(OH)2
SEO
NaOH
Industrial Acids and Bases
An introduction
Acid
worlds most important Chemical
Sulfuric Acid
Fertilizer and Explosives
Nitric Acid
Fertilizer, Rust removal, Cola
Phosphoric Acid
Acetic Acid
Formic Acid
BASES
.
.
Lucilla
Nicolas
• 10th cent sulfuric acid was discovered
• 19th cent, Svante Arrhenius successfully defined acids and bases when present as aqueous solutions
• 1932, Johannes Bronsted provided a broader definition for acids and bases compared to Arrhenius’
Acids
Versatile chemical
Hydrochloric Acid
production of organic & inorganic bromides
Hydrobromic Acid
Substance that yields hydroxide ions (OH-) when dissolved in water
slippery
tastes bitter
Full transcript