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Natasha Hagans

on 21 January 2014

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Transcript of LANDSCAPE

Grace Gonzaga, Natasha Hagans,
Denise Salvador, Jasmin Pendon

What is Landscape?
Landscape is defined as all the visible features of an area of countryside or land, often considered in terms of their aesthetic appeal.
Landscapes are works of art that feature scenes of nature
Cityscapes, Seascapes, Waterscapes
Landscape format: width is greater than height

Where did it begin?
Roots in Greek and Roman times: murals painted on the walls
Landscape gained popularity in the Renaissance (14th, 15th, and 16th cent.)
"Classical" vision
Used for religious scenes and portraits
18th century
Grand tour: souvenirs (capricci and pictures of landscape artworks)
France and Britain centres of landscape
'Fête Galante': depicted pastoral landscapes with figures enjoying picnics and walks in the countryside
19th century
Photography: freedom to interpret landscape
Led to a shift in painting
Spontaneous pictures: Courbet and Boudin
Led to impressionism
Began in France
Named after critic's insult of Claude Monet's painting: "impression"
Father of impressionist movement
Thick brushstrokes and optical mixing: placing primary colours next to each other
Undefined/fuzzy forms:used changes in colour
Basically to capture the moment
Artists started to develop their own styles and removed limitations: used geometric forms to make forms expressive, unnatural colors
Group of Seven
Canada 1920s
Group of Seven Canadian artists
Influenced by bold colors and loose brushwork
Abstract views of nature
Distinct Canadian art could be developed through direct contact with nature
First Canadian national art movement
Thomas Moran
Born during the Industrial Revolution(Britain)
American landscapes about the West
In 1837, he joined a government sponsored geological expedition to survey the Yellowstone region
Part of the Evolution of the Conservation Movement, 1850-1920
Title: The Wilds of Lake Superior
Owner/Location: New Britain Museum of Art(United States)
Medium: Painting-oil on canvas
Title: Grand Canyon of the Yellowstone, 1872
Medium : Watercolor on paper
Owner/Location: Gilcrease Museum, Tulsa, Oklahoma

Thomas Moran, Mountain of the Holy Cross, 1875, Autry Museum of Western Heritage, Los Angeles
Salvator Rosa
Italian Baroque painter, poet and printmaker
Adopted as a hero by painters of the Romantic movement in the later 18th and early 19th centuries
Mainly a painter of landscapes, but his subject matter was usually wide like allegorical pictures, philosophical subjects, fanciful portraits of romantic and enigmatic figures
May be dated from the 18th century
Title: A Coastal Scene
Medium: Oil on canvas

Title: Mountainous Landscape with Figures
Date made: after the 17th century
Medium: Oil on canvas

Title: Landscape with Tobias and the Angel
Medium: Oil on canvas
Date made: probably 1660-73

John Robert Cozens
The son of a distinguished landscape artist and drawing-master, Alexander Cozens (c. 1717-1786)
May be presumed that he received lessons in drawing from his father, although few details of his life are known.
Title :Lake of Albano and Castel Gandolfo
Title: Lake Nemi
Title: Lake Albano and the Goatherd.
Verso: Study of Trees
3 types of landscape art
Representational: more realistic and the most common
Impressionistic: also meant to be realistic but the techniques used by the artist makes it look odd
Abstract: most unusual of the three but gives emphasis to only one part of a scene and sometimes confuses the audience.
Poppy Field, Tuscany by
Laura Hickman

Poplars and Sunflowers By the Road
by: Manuela Valenti
Mr. Marvel’s Zinnia Garden by: Laura Hickman
Impending Storm, Bakersfield by Idell Weiss
Limantour Beach by Idell Weiss
Representational Landscape
Impressionistic Landscape
Silent Autumn
by Graham Gercken
Wentworth Cornfield
by Steve Greaves
California Poppies in the Morning
by Theresa Paden
Blue Mountains
by Graham Gercken
Impression of a Landscape
by: Angelo Aversa
Abstract landscape
The Common Thread
by Jaison Cianelli
Shimmer in the Sky
by Megan Duncanson
Colourful Landscape
by Seshadri Sreenivasan
Autumn River Landscape
by Mark Webster
Rainbow Falls
by Jaison Cianelli
Lake and Mountains
by Lawren Harris
Don't put everything in it: might as well take a photo
Use your imagination
Foreground, middle ground, background
Why do artists use landscape?
The main reason why artists started creating landscape was because it was a way to express nature
Learn about a culture and its environment
Landscape vs. Still Life
Similarities: both essentially "still life"
Still life-objects(natural or man made)
Samples of Murals
Minoan Mural, 1650 BCE
Etruscan Mural
Achilles in Ambush, 6th Century BCE
Renaissance Landscape
Italian Coastal Landscape, 1642, Calude Lorraine
1797-1850, Carl Rotmann
French & British Landscape
1834, John Martin (British)
1788, Henri de Valenciennes
Fete Galante
Le Secret, Antoine Watteau
Antibes Seen from the Salis Gardens, Claude Monet, 1888
Post-Impressionist Sample
Les Alpilles, Vincent Van Gogh, 1889
Middle ground, Background
middle ground
Landscape v. Still Life
Still Life
Sunflowers, Vincent van Gogh, 1888
View from Mount Holyoke, Thomas Cole, 1836
Cindy Morawski
Full transcript