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Conditionals

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by

Miriam Victoria Ruivivar

on 15 February 2014

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Transcript of Conditionals

conditionals
If I have an invisible cloak, I will go to candy stores and eat all the chocolate bars.
If I have an invisible cloak
,
I will go to candy stores and eat all the chocolate bars
.
condition
result
If you heat water to 100 degrees, it boils.
If you heat water to 100 degrees
,
it boils
.
condition
result
IF clause
main clause
iF
condition
result
zero conditional
If
you heat water to 100 degrees,
,
it boils.
zero conditional
-the result of the condition is always true; a fact

zero conditional
if
condition
result
present simple
present simple
,
If
you
heat
water to 100 degrees
,
it
boils
.
result
if
condition
Water boils
if
you heat it to 100 degrees.
zero conditional
If it rains, I will stay at home.
first conditional
-we are thinking about a situation in the future
-there is a real possibility for it to happen
First Conditional
if
condition
result
,
If
it
rains
I
will stay
at home.
,
present simple
will + base form of verb
first conditional
result
if
condition
I will stay at home
if
it rains.
If I won the lottery, I would buy a car.
-talks about an action in the future
-there is unreal possibility; a dream
second conditional
second conditional
if
condition
result
If
I
won
the lottery
,
I
a car.
,
simple past
would + base form of verb
second conditional
result
if
condition
if
I won the lottery.
third conditional
-talks about a condition in the past that did not happen and is not possible to happen anymore
third conditional
if
condition
result
If
I
him
,
he
would have helped
me.
,
would have + past participle
third conditional
result
if
condition
He would have helped me
if
possibility
conditional
example
time
100%
50%
10%
0%
zero
first
second
third
If you heat ice, it melts.
any time
If it rains, I will stay at home.
future
If I won the lottery, I would buy a car.
If I had won the lottery, I would have bought a car.
future
past
Miriam Victoria G. ruivivar
Full transcript