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Aeneid book 10

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Rachel Leeper

on 22 March 2015

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Transcript of Aeneid book 10

Work of the gods
Important Characters
Fire Imagery
Pallas is described as "one long jagged battle line of fire rampaging through the fields" (10.482-483). Like a fire, Pallas is destroying everything in his path. This description supports the shock of Pallas's death at the hands of Turnus.
The power of Aeneas is emphasized when he first arrives on shore and "the golden boss of his shield spews streams of fire, strong as the lethal, blood-red light of comets streaming in clear night" (10.327-329). This image of Aeneas coming ashore encourages the Trojans to redouble their efforts and fight harder.
The gods
Major Plot Points
The book opens with a council of the gods
Jupiter decides that he will not intervene in the fighting and that fate will decide who is victorious
Aeneas makes a detour to pick up Arcadian warriors who will aid the Trojans in their fight in Latium.The Arcadians provide Aeneas and his men with a fleet of ships that they are able to use in order to get back to the rest of the Trojans quickly.
Turnus kills Pallas and steals his belt as a sign of victory
Aeneas becomes enraged and begins to seek revenge on Turnus
Juno sees that Aeneas is going after Turnus, so she pleas to her husband, Jupiter, to allow her to save Turnus. After receiving permission, she creates a phantom Aeneas to lure Turnus onto a vacant ship. She then sets sail to the ship, thereby allowing Turnus to escape. Because of this, Turnus feels like a coward and briefly contemplates suicide
Aeneas and Mezentius engage in battle;Mezentius becomes wounded and escapes.
Mezentius's son, Laustus, is killed by Aeneas, which causes Mezentius to face Aeneas again. Before being killed by Aeneas, Mezentius asks that he be buried next to his son
The Aeneid - Book 10
Rachel Leeper,Piper Shulenberger, Mikeila Sais, Alex Thomas
Deception
Juno tricks Turnus when she creates the phantom Aeneas and lures him onto the ship. She did this out of concern for Turnus's life after he killed Pallas.
Council of the gods
The meeting of the gods right at the beginning of the book is extremely important because "nowhere else in the book do the gods meet in assembly" (Benario 23). This encounter emphasizes the importance of the upcoming battle and also foreshadows the fact that immense damage will be done. The outcome of the battle is left up to the fate of the individual warriors, thereby causing the fight to escalate.
Work that helps Aeneas
Jupiter's decision to not intervene
While this decision does not necessarily help Aeneas directly, it does allow him to work only in the hands of fate. He is no longer a pawn in the game of the gods. Because of this, he is able to make decisions on his own.
Work that hurts Aeneas
Juno saves Turnus
This single intervention from the gods does not prevent Aeneas and the Trojans from winning the battle; however, it does stunt his plan to kill Turnus out of revenge for killing Pallas
Jupiter/Jove
He makes the decision to not intervene in the battle, and that only "the Fates will find the way" (10.137). He later goes against what he decided at the council and allows Juno to save Turnus from Aeneas's wrath. In the midst of the battle, he foreshadows the death of Pallas by stating that he has reached the end of his days on Earth.
Juno
At the council of the gods, Juno defends herself after Venus accuses her of causing the war between the Trojans and the Latins. Juno then says that she did not force Aeneas to go to Italy and that "Cassandra's raving spurred him on"(10.84). She goes on to explain that she is merely helping the Latins. Later in the book, after she is informed by Jove that Venus is helping the Trojans, Juno appeals to Jupiter in order to save Turnus from Aeneas. She creates a phantom Aeneas that lures Turnus onto a ship, which she then sets sail for his escape.
Venus
At the council, Venus vaguely accuses Juno for the battle that is raging among the Trojans and the Latins. She points out that Iris "swooping down from the clouds"(10.47) put the war in motion. She then asks Jupiter that he at least allow her to protect her grandson, Ascanius from the "raw clash of arms"(10.61).
Ascanius
Acansius is used as an encouragement for Aeneas to call his men to arms and fight the Latins
"your son, Ascanius, trapped now by the wall and trench, in the thick of the spears"(10.291-292)
Aeneas
Mezentius
Lausus
Pallas
Etruscan King and father of Lausus
Kills Mimas, a friend of Paris( "Paris lies dead in the city of his fathers, Mimas lies unsung on the Latian shores" (10.833-834))
Engaged in battle with Aeneas, then fled when he was injured. Once he realized that his son was killed by Aeneas, he went back to fight him again.
Requested to be buried by his son before he was killed by Aeneas; this plea evoked a sense of pity within Aeneas
Turnus
He is killed by Aeneas, who is then overcome by the soldier's obvious love for his father. His death shows that Aeneas has not been completely overcome by ruthlessness. He acts as a symbol of pietas, since he performed his duty for his family.
Compared to Aegaeon, a giant who had a hundred arms and a hundred hands. This shows how skilled and effective Aeneas was in his fighting
Is warned of the battle by the sea-nymph Cymodocea
Is ruthless in his killing, the first being Thereon. Later on, he shows no mercy for a soldier, Magus, who begs Aeneas to not be killed. It seems that he is overcome by the frenzy of the battle, and he shows no mercy for various Latins that he encounters.
Has an inclination to analyze the characteristics of others and find those that he sees within himself (Stover 352-360)
He develops a sense of fatherly protection over Pallas; therefore, when he is killed by Turnus, Aeneas is overcome by fury.
In this book, he recalls his son, Sarpedon, who was killed under Troy's high wall
He is the son of Evander, king of the Arcadians
He is killed by Turnus, which results in Aeneas's desire for revenge. Turnus stole Pallas's belt as a sign of victory; however, his victory is short-lived
Before he dies, he prays to Hercules. "Hercules, by my father's board, the welcome you met as a stranger, I beg you, stand by the great task I'm tackling now. May Turnus see me stripping the bloody armor off his body, bear the sight of his conqueror-eyes dulled in death"(10.546-549). Hercules hears his prayer and weeps for the boy. Hercules's sadness results in Jupiter consoling him and telling him that each man has his day and must die at some point. This was just merely the way Pallas had to go.
Son of Venilia and Daunus
King of the Rutulians, which is the leading tribe in Latium battling the Trojans
Unwillingly escapes on a ship after Juno tricks him with a phantom Aeneas
His death is foreshadowed after he steals the belt off of Pallas's corpse. "the time will come when Turnus would give his all to have Pallas whole, intact, when all this spoil, this very day he'll loathe"(10.594-596)
Works Cited
Benario, Herbert W. "The Tenth Book of the Aeneid."
Transactions and Proceedings of the American Philological Association
98 (1967): 23-36. JSTOR. Web. 22 Mar. 2015.
Stover, Tim. "AENEAS AND LAUSUS: KILLING THE DOUBLE AND CIVIL WAR IN "AENEID" 10."
Phoenix
65 (2011): 352-60. JSTOR. Web. 22 Mar. 2015.
Virgil, and Robert Fagles.
The Aeneid
. New York: Viking, 2006. Print.
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