Transcript of History of the English Language Timeline
400 1600 1000 1016-1042 1200-1400 1500-1650 History of the English Language Timeline 449 597 787 1066 1100 1476 1611 (Old English) Anglo- Saxon Invasion: After Rome fell, not much Latin stuck in the English language in England. The Anglo-Saxon's used their own language instead of adapting to what the citizens of England used. (Old English) The Christian missionaries started to arrive in England in 597 A.D. led by Augustine. They had a large Latin vocabulary and manuscripts written in Latin, including the Bible. They sowed the first seeds of literacy in England. (Old English) Viking Raids: from 787 through the 11th century, the vikings ruled most of Eastern England. About 1500 place names in England have Scandinavian origins and during the time of the viking rule, England about 1800 Scandinavian words. (Old English) Danes gained control when the vikings attacked in 787 but lost control to the Anglo-Saxon in 878. They were restricted to a small area in a diagonal north east connection Chester and London. The Danish attacked again in 980 and ruled from 1016-1042. (Middle English) Norman Conquest: Normandy invades England. The French rapidly established their language (language of power). England is a trilingual country with French, English, and Latin. The Kings did not speak English. All the people of power spoke French. (Middle English) Though Middle English is spoken in England at this time, Old English is written until as late as 1100. Grammar evolves quickly, word order matters for understanding a sentence instead of word endings. Spelling and pronunciation also evolve. (Middle English) Resurgence of English: Latin, Greek, and Arabic languages. Widespread increase in literacy, first Universities established in Oxford and Cambridge. French became 'language of the enemy' after the Hundred Years War. French is also 'language of the law'- judges spoke French. Latin language was used in education and Church. Old English language disappearing. (Early Modern English) Invention of the Printing Press: Over 20,000 titles became available to the public, and owning books became much more common. Literacy in Scotland saw an all-time high. Pronunciation evolves in the 15th century- 'Great Vowel Shift'. Standard English was created, and spelling was standardized and change in grammar slowed. (Early Modern English) Renaissance: Many developments in medicine, science, and arts. Beginning of religious and political upheaval. Discovery of the Americas. Struggled to find terms for the new discoveries- searched 50 different dialects. (Early Modern English) Many common present-day idioms originated from King James' Bible. Such as:Full transcript
'the skin of my teeth'
'can a leopard change his spots'
'rule with a rod of iron'
King James I authorized the first English translation of the Bible, along with King James VI of Scotland. 1623 (Early Modern English) First folio of Shakespeare's plays published.
Leads the path to Shakespeare's many successful plays.