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spanish colonial system during rizal's time

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Cristal Ypil

on 21 July 2013

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Transcript of spanish colonial system during rizal's time

Philippines
during
Rizal's Time


Overview
of
The Spanish
Slavery


Did Spain practice
slavery in the time
of
Bishop Domingo Salazar ?
YES !
The 16th century
Spain made it
a custom to hold
a non-Christian slave.

Seville
was considered
second largest slave market place at the time
Legaspi settled in
Sugbu
.

The Selling
of
Slaves

Taken to
Calle de las Gradas


sold at
Public Auction

The masters
employed their slaves
to different kinds
of work.

Fray Pedro Mejia
was one of the most
prominent slave
exporters.

Bishop Rodriguez de Fonseca
put up slaves in
Seville marts
“as naked as they were born”.

Laws of Indies

“Tariff duties are to be collected on slaves the
same as on the other
merchandise.”


• Refers to a grant from Spanish crown to the Spaniards to exercise control over a specific place, including its inhabitants
Spanish Political System
King of Spain
Central Government
Provincial Government
City Government
Municipal Government
Barrio Government
Governor-General
Highest ranking official in
the Philippines
A representative of the
spanish king in the
Philippines
originally receives 8000php
a year
His powers
State power

Power over religious matters
Power to issue executive and religious orders and proclamations
Power to act as commander-in-chief
of the AFP
Power over financial matters
Power over all affairs in the Phils.
Power to supervise and discipline
Veto power
did you
know?
Miguel Lopez De Legazpi
(1565-1572)
first governor-general
Checks
on Gubernatorial
Powers
Royal Audiencia
highest judicial body
served as advisory council to the governor general
royal decree of May 5, 1583
Composed of:
President
3 oidores
a fiscal
Did you
know ?
Santiago De Vera
1st president of the
royal audiencia
1st Audiencia = FAILURE
1st session was on June 15, 1584
King Philip II
Re-established the audiencia
Powers
Legislative
Executive
Judicial
Legislative
Promulgator of laws for the colonies
Auditor general to the colonies
Executive
Shares with the governor the discharge of
royal patronage
Preparation of annual report of the conditions in the Philippines
Judicial
Judges all criminal cases in the land
Residencia
- a judicial body
-investigates the conduct of the outgoing governor-general at the end of his term
Visita
An investigating agency
Visitador- investigating officer
2 classes of visitas:
General
Specific
Alcaldias
Corregimeintos
- pacified provinces
- headed by an alcalde mayor
- unpacified provinces
- headed by coregidor
Ayuntamiento
- headed by a cabildo
cabildo is composed of :
1 or more alcaldes
several regidores
registrar
alguacil-mayor
Municipio
- headed by a gobernadorcillo
administrative duties
1. preparation of the padron
2. Recruitment and distribution of men for the draft labor
3. communal public work
4. Quinto
5. postal clerk
6. judge in civil suits
-he was assisted by a Teniente de Justicia
1. sementeras
2. alguaciles
3. tenientes del barrio
4. directorcillo
barangay
- headed by
a cabeza de barangay
duties
1. tax and contribution collector
2. resopnsible of the
peace and order
3. recruits polistas in
communal public works
failure of Colonial Administration
FAILURE OF THE
COLONIAL
Introduced by
Gov.Gen Hurtado De Corcuera
- the annual quota assigned
to each province
and each of them had to make
a compulsory sale of his products
Bandala System
Divide & Rule
Breaking up
larger concentrations
of power into
chunks that individually
have less power
Guardia Civil
-was instituted in 1852
-for the purpose of maintaining peace
and order in the Philippines
The Social System
Evils of Spanish

Colonial System

The Encomienda System
Refers to a grant from Spanish crown to the Spaniards to exercise control over a specific place, including its inhabitants
The Rights of Encomienderos
 Defense of his encomienda from external attacks.
 Maintenance of peace and order.
 The support of the missionaries who would teach Christian doctrine to the people.
 The right to collect tribute in the amount and form determined by the royal government.
TRIBUTE
A symbol
of vassalage
to Spain
o Consisted of
8 reales (one peso)
o Started by
Gov. Gen.
Miguel Lopez
de Legaspi.
also known as Adelantado|El Adelantado (The Governor) and El Viejo (The Elder), was a Spanish conquistador who established the first colony in the Philippine Islands in 1565.
Miguel Lopéz de Legaspi
What is Encomienda System?
•It came from the word encomiendar which means “to entrust” or “to commend” to one ’s care. The person in charge was called encomiendero.
and..
KINDS OF ENCOMIENDA IN THE PHILIPPINES
ROYAL ENCOMIENDA
ECCLESIASTICAL ENCOMIENDA
PRIVATE ENCOMIENDA
POLO Y SERVICIO (FORCED LABOR)
oInstituted in 1580
o Male Filipinos from 16-60 yrs. Old are obliged to render forced labor for 40 days later reduced to 15 days through a reform decree of 1894.
Polistas
 Refered to persons who render forced labor
 They are expected to work along various Spanish projects.
Falla
• An exemption from the forced labor as long as the individual could pay the arbitrary exemption fee.
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