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Cinco de Mayo
Transcript of Cinco de Mayo
How did Cinco de Mayo spread to America?
When America won the Mexican-American war in 1848, America gained a large portion of Mexican territories and pushed the Mexican border back close to where it is today.
Several years before the battle of Puebla, Mexico was much larger and included states like present day Calfornia, Arizona, New Mexico, Utah, and several others.
California played a major role in bringing Cinco de Mayo to America.
The new Mexican American citizens in California were watching and
cheering on Mexico when the
French came to take over the
city of Puebla. When Mexico won the first battle it meant more to the Mexican Californians than it did to the Mexicans.
When Mexico won the first two battles in Puebla the Mexican-Californians were overjoyed. It also helped to give them hope about winning the civil war in America.
But when the French defeated the Mexicans in the third battle at Puebla, the Mexican Californians chose not to give up hope of their home country being free.
Instead they came together as a people to support and cheer on their home country.
Hayes-Bautista, David E. "Cinco De Mayo: The Real Story Part 4." Eastern Group Publications. Eastern Group Publications, Inc., 21 May 2009. Web. 12 Nov. 2013. <http://egpnews.com/2009/05/cinco-de-mayo-the-real-story-4/>.
"The Mexican American War." PBS. PBS, n.d. Web. 12 Nov. 2013. <http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience/features/general-article/grant-mexican- american-war/>.
How is Cinco de Mayo celebrated in Mexico?
The fiesta includes Mexican food, Mexican music, parades, piñatas for the kids and fireworks at the end of the day. In places like Puebla and Mexico City, there is a reenactment of the battle. Men dress as French and Mexican soldiers and generals, and women wear the clothing of the soldaderos, the women who cooked for and looked after the soldiers in wartime. (Layton)
Cinco de Mayo is only really observed in areas near Puebla. Other parts of Mexico and Central and South America often don't acknowledge it.
It is widely celebrated in the U.S. According to Kelly Buchanan, a writer for the Library of Congress, "The reality is that the Cinco de Mayo holiday is probably more celebrated in the U.S. than in Mexico."
Although Mexican citizens feel very proud of the meaning of Cinco de Mayo, it is not a national holiday in Mexico but it is an official holiday in the State of Puebla, where the Battle took place.However, all public schools are closed nation-wide in Mexico on May 5.
Buchanan, Kelly. "Cinco De Mayo Is Not Mexican Independence Day?" In Custodia Legis Law Librarians of Congress. N.p., 5 May 2011. Web. 12 Nov. 2013. <http://blogs.loc.gov/law/2011/05/cinco-de- mayo-is-not-mexican-independence-day/>.
Layton, Julia. "Cinco De Mayo - What Does It Celebrate?" Banderas News. BanderasNews, Apr. 2005. Web. 12 Nov. 2013. <http://www.banderasnews.com/0504/nr-cincodemayo.htm>.
Women wear long, brightly colored dresses for traditional dances that take place in the festival.
Men wear suits, cowboy boots, and usually a big sombrero.
Traditional Cinco de Mayo Food
Tamales - masa filled with meats, cheeses, fruits, vegetables, chilies, wrapped in a leaf
Salsa - a mixture of tomatoes, peppers,
Guacamole - a thick paste of avocado, peppers, and jalapenos
Enchilada - corn tortilla rolled around a filling and covered with a chili pepper sauce
Quesadilla - flour tortilla or a corn tortilla filled with a savory mixture containing cheese, other ingredients, and/or vegetables,folded in half
Pan Dulce - sweet bread
Kenyon, Chelsie. "Cinco de Mayo" 2013 Web. Dec. 6, 2013. <http://mexicanfood.about.com/od/history/a/cincodemayo.htm>
"Cinco de Mayo Traditions" n.d. Web. Dec. 6, 2013. <http://www.altiusdirectory.com/Society/cinco-de-mayo-traditions.php>
When is Cinco De Mayo? (I really hope you get this one right)
Cinco De Mayo In America
It is often suggested that Cinco de Mayo is more of a common tradition in the U.S. than it is in Mexico. Cinco de Mayo began its celebration in the United States in the 1860's, while the Mexicans and Latinos celebrated the day during the American Civil War.
It gained the majority of its popularity in places highly populated with Mexican individuals. Places like L.A, Houston, and Chicago. "The holiday, which has been celebrated in California continuously since 1863, is virtually ignored in Mexico" (Hayes-Bautista). In places like these, it is very common to see festivals, flags, parades. and many different types of decorations. Often times families will invite relatives over for food and socialization.
The stereotypical food and drink associated with Cinco de Mayo usually involve tacos and margaritas. However there are many more foods represented by this celebration. These may include mole poblemo, fajitas, beans, rice, chips, salsa, and peppers.
One of my friends from my hometown, Alan Corbeille, is familiar with this holiday. His family has a modest celebration that includes the cooking of tacos, spanish rice, bean dip, chips & salsa, and quesadillas. They also put festive things around their home, and decorate it to celebrate the mexican culture. He says he really enjoys the food and the tradition of having friends and family over for a fun time.
Cinco De Mayo?
Mexico's Independence Day, you say?
Mexico's independence day is actually on September 16th, which commemorates their independence from Spain.
So what is Cinco De Mayo?
A battle against the French - Mexico obviously won.
Took place in Puebla, Mexico on May 5, 1862.
Mexico was very unlikely to defeat them!
Hayes, Bautista. "University of California - UC Newsroom | Cinco de Mayo Provides Collective Identity for Latinos." University of California - UC Newsroom | Cinco de Mayo Provides Collective Identity for Latinos. N.p., 4 May 2007. Web. 12 Dec. 2013.