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Chapter 8

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Terry Kass

on 23 January 2015

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Transcript of Chapter 8

Disorder and Disease of the Skin

AM Groups Chapter 8
Names: Jazza Johns, Mariama Lozano, Clayton Keel, Angelica Howard
Group 2
Names:Cecilia Abarca, Alexa Cregan, Jessica Lovinger, Ali Egan
Group 3
Names: Tricia Bryant, Lesley Torres, Jenny Veronica, Keysha Williams
Group 4
Group 5
Names: Sky,Bri,Lily & Cindy
Inspirational Quote
Main food source for acne bacteria
Nodule: A solid bump large than .4 inches that can easily felt. Requires a medical referral.

Tubercle: Abnormal, rounded, solid lump above, within, or under the skin; larger than a papule. Requires medical referral.
Basal cell carcinoma
Ultraviolet ( UV ) Light
: Abnormal mass varying in size, shape, and color. Tumors are sometimes associated.

Small blister or sac containing clear fluid, lying within or just beneath the epidermis.

Itchy, swollen lesion that lasts only a few hours; caused my a blow or scratch.
Fatty acids, which are easily obtained from the abundance of sebum in the follicle. The bacteria multiply, causing inflammation and swelling in the follicle, and eventually rupture the follicle wall. When the wall of the follicle ruptures, the immune system is alerted, causing the blood to rush to the ruptured follicle, carrying white blood cells to fight the bacteria. The blood will surround the engulf the follicle, which is what causes the redness in pimples.
stain:an abnormal brown-colored or wine colored skin discoloration with a circular or irregular shape.
Most common and least severe type of cancer, characterized by light or pearly colored nodules with scaly redness
skin tag:they can easily be removed by a dermatologist. occur most frequently on the neck of an older person.small brown-colored outgrowth of the skin.
The sun its ultraviolet (UV) light have the greatest impact of all extrinsic factors on how skin ages.
Approximately 80 to 85 percent of the symptoms of aging skin are caused by the rays of the sun
Intrinsic factors
"Ideas are a dime a dozen. People who put them into action are priceless"
stain:an abnormal brown-colored or ine
verruca: its caused by a virus and is infectious.it can spread from one location to another,particularly along a scratch in the skin.it requires medical referral.
Skin aging factors: exposure to the sun, genetic aging of how our parents skin aged, sun damage
Excessive sweating
caused by heat or general body weakness . Requires medical referral.

Conjunctivitis ( aka pinkeye)
: a common bacterial infection of the eyes . It is extremely contagious ,and clients who have conjunctivitis or obviously irritating eyes should be politely reschedule and referred to a physician immediately
Papule: small elevation on skin that contains no fluid, may develop pus and are frequently seen in acne.
Pustule: white or yellow center containing pus in the top of the lesion reffered to as the head of the pimple.
Malignant Melanoma
Allergic contact dermatitis
Third and most serious type of skin cancer. Black or dark brown patches appear, uneven texture, jagged or raised. Least common but most dangerous

- Congenital Hypopigmentation , Or Absence Of Melanin Pigment In The Body, Including The Skin, Hair, And Eyes. Hair Is Silky White. The Skin Is Pinkish White And Will Not Tan. The Eyes Are Pink, And The Skin Is Sensitive To Light And Ages Early.
this is also known as a cicatrix . It is a lightly raised mark on the skin formed after an injury or lesion of the skin has healed.
an open lesion on the skin or mucous membrane of the body, accompanied by loss of skin depth and possibly weeping of fluids or pus. Requires medical referral
Open Comedo:
This is also known as a blackhead and it is a hair follicle with keratin and sebum.
: Skin sore or abrasion produced by scratching or scraping.
Lesion-can be as simple as a freckle or as dangerous as a skin cancer
Cyst: abnormally developed sac that contains fluid,pus,semifluid, or morbid matter, above or below the skin
Macule: any flat spot or discoloration on the skin; red spot or a freckle after a pimple has healed
Most common work- related skin disorder for all cosmetology professionals.
Contact dermatitis is an inflammation of the skin caused by having contact with certain chemicals or substances.
Contact Dermatitis
(Vulgaris) A skin disorder characterized by chronic inflammation of the sebaceous glands from retained secretions and bacteria known as propionibacterium acne.
Cosmetologist refer
clients with medical
issues to dermatologist
more than any other
type of physician
A thick scar resulting from excessive growth of fibrous tissue
occurs when the personal has an allergy to an ingredient or chemical. Sensitization is an allergic reaction created by repeated exposure to a chemical or substance. Abbreviated ACD.
Albinism- Congenital Hypopigmentation , Or Absence Of Melanin Pigment In The Body, Including The Skin, Hair, And Eyes. Hair Is Silky White. The Skin Is Pinkish White And Will Not Tan. The Eyes Are Pink, And The Skin Is Sensitive To Light And Ages Early.
Herpes Simplex: A recurring viral infection that often presents as a fever blister or cold sore. It is characterized by the eruption of a single or group of vessels on a red swollen base. Can last up to 3 weeks and is contagious.

Sebaceous Cyst:
A large protruding pocket - like lesion filled with sebum.
Psoriasis: A skin disease characterized by red patches covered with white scales and usually found on the scalp, elbows, knees, chest, and lower back
: Crack in the skin that penetrates the dermis. Examples are severely crack and/or chapped hands or lips
Any thin dry or oily plate of epidermal flakes. An example is abnormal or excessive dandruff
Closed Comedo
: The follicle is closed and not exposed to the environment, the sebum remains a white or cream color and is a closed comedo, also known as whitehead, and appears as a small bump just under the skin surface.
Primary lesions- Different color than the color of the skin and/or lesions that are raised above the skins surface.
Seborrheic Dermatitis:
a skin condition caused by an inflammation of the sebaceous glands. The red, flaky skin often appears in the eyebrows and beard, in the scalp.
Bulla- Large blister containing a watery fluid. Similar to a vesicle only larger.
Both require medical referral.
its a chronic condition that appears primarily on the cheeks and nose. The causes of rosacea is unknown.
use gloves or utensils when working with irritating chemicals
ex. hair color, permanent wave solutions, monomer liquids, polymer powders
A Skin Disorder Characterized By Light Abnormal Patches (Hypopigmentation) It Is Caused By A Burn Or Congenital Disease That Destroys The Pigment-producing Cells. Examples: Vitiligo And Albinism
: Keratin-filled cysts that appear just under epidermis and have no visible opening. They resemble small sesame seeds and are always perfectly round. They are commonly associated with newborn babies but can appear on the skin of people of all ages.
the way to prevent both types of occupational contact dermatitis

Secondary skin lesion
: Piles of material on the skin surface. Ex: crust, scab, or by depressions in the skin surface.
Group 1

Name: Ashley, Jasmine, Anya, Daisy

: Dead cells that form over a wound or blemish while it's healing.
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