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grace percival

on 8 April 2013

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Mark Twain And Racism By Grace Percival How Twain Attacks Racism
in Writing Other Facts The In-Laws Supporting Promising Students Controversy Today Those Extraordinary Twins "A True Story, Repeated Word for Word
as I Heard It" The Adventures Of Huckleberry Finn Satire Childhood Racial Climate "Turning Point" What He grew up Believing Mark Twain
Growing Up - grew up in Missouri
-Father owned slaves
-grew close to many of the slaves
-didn't ask many questions
(Carter) and (Fishkin) -african americans were equal, despite his parents beliefs
-used to go to "n***** shows"
-white men would wear masks and pretend to be slaves
-Twain went to see his mother laugh
-never really saw these as reality -working as journalist in California
-Chinese man is beat up in middle of the street
-police watch
-twain submits story to newspaper
-never is published
-afterwards, becomes increasingly aware of racism
-begins to use satire
-becomes more vocal with his beliefs -"the use of irony, sarcasm, ridicule, or the like, in exposing, denouncing, or deriding vice, folly, etc."
-"he drew his readers into the argument by drawing them into the story"(Carter) -story about slave named aunt Rachel
-sold away from her seven children at a slave auction
-finally reunites with her youngest son who is fighting in the civil war
-uses story to evoke pity -Huck is pro slavery
-good friends with "slave Jim"
-does everything he can to get Jim to freedom
-helps Jim look for his family as well
- "Mark twain is the first to portray a slave with two personalities in american fiction: the voice of survival within a white culture and the voice of an individual: jim the father and the man.” (Jocelyn Chadwick) -comedy about conjoined twins
-live in slave state
-slavery is hardly mentioned except when characters mention how dependent on slave work they are
-illustrations make slavery look bad -Father in law funded abolitionists
-family opened new church in new york that didn't discriminate
-wife was pro-abolitionist -1882, paid for A.W Jones tuition at Lincoln University
-1880, supported European Apprenticeship of Charles Ethan Porter (black american sculptor)
-Convinced A. Garfield not to fire Fredrick Douglass (Marshall of District Columbia)
-paid for Warner T. McGuinn's college at Lincoln University (became president of Debate club and commencement orator at graduation -many see Twain's novels as racist "filth"
-schools refuse to teach it
-Huck Finn and Tom Sawyer have been censored and"kicked off the shelves" b/c of use of n word
-(Professor Suckey of Northwestern) most of the complaints are "mainly from the non-academic sector of the black community, not from black individuals.........Huck Finn is one of the most devastating attacks on racism ever written." Bibliography Carter, Stephen L. "Getting past Black and White." Time 03 July 2008: 1-2. Time. Web.
27 Mar. 2013. Mark Twain and American Racial Attitudes. Perf. Shelly Fisher Fishkin. Mark Twain's
Mississippi. N.p., n.d. Web. 05 Apr. 2013. (Fishkin) http://dictionary.reference.com/ Twain, Mark. "A True Story, Repeated Word For Word as I Heard It." The Atlantic
Monthly Nov. 1874: n. pag. Print. (Twain) (Carter) and (Imaging "Slavery" in MT's Books) "Imaging "Slavery" in MT's Books." N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Mar. 2013. (Imaging "Slavery"
in MT's Books) (Imaging "Slavery" in MT's Books) (Carter) (google images) (Fishkin) (google images) McDowell, Edwin. "From Twain, a Letter on Debt to Blacks." New York Times 14
Mar. 1985, A1 sec.: A1+. Print. (McDowell) (google images) (google images) (google images) (google images) (Mark Twain and American Racial Attitudes)
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