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Transcript of Personality Types
-Characterised by constant time presure, competitiveness in wok and social situations and frequent anger. Hostile, aggressive, finds things stressful. high achiever, self concious, impatient, vulnerable. Type B; mainly lacking all characteristics of type A- more relaxed, patient and easy going, less likely to be affected by stress related illness. Easy going, positive, open-minded, happy, confident, holds back emotions. The hardy personality;
-Provides defences against negative effects of stress.
-To get this you need to develop;
Control over ones life, commitement and change (seen as opportunities.) Locus of control. Internal; a belief that you are in control of your life. External; a belief that other things control your life, things outside of your control. Research on Type A personality. Friedman and Rosenman;
-To assess the hypothesis that Corony Heart Disease (CHD) was associated with type A personality, they studied 3,000 men aged 39-59 living in Calfornia and examined them for signs of CHD. Personalities were tested using a structured interview.
-The interview included questions about how they responded to every day life. Research on hardy personality. Kobasa;
-Studied 800 american business executives, assessing stress using Holmes and Rahe's SRRS.
-Approx 150 of partcipants were classfied as high stress.
-Kobasa proposed the hardy personality encourages resilience. The individuals in the high stress/low illness group scored high on all three characteristics of the hardy personality, whereas the high stress/high illness scored lower.