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Sir Gawain and the Loathly Lady
Transcript of Sir Gawain and the Loathly Lady
someone who was to be married, take care of the house hold, and bear children
Supposed to be seen and not heard (usually not seen at all)
Proper, polite, prim
A vision of perfection
A woman’s ideals were strongly influenced by her husband or another man
If a woman was to express herself in public, it would follow the man’s ideals
Was expected to be the “typical housewife
Women in higher classes were sometimes given freedom to express herself, but a woman less than upper class attempting to express her opinion would be looked down upon (usually called a “shrew”)
Women were all expected to take care of the household, but some women in the lower classes were able to help her husband’s business Linwan, Melissa, Rachel and Tram Sir Gawain and The Loathly Lady Intro A Closer Look Conflicts and Theme Theme focuses on inner and outer beauty of a person
also focuses on chivalry and honour.
Loathly Lady’s lack of beauty causes conflicts for the characters
truth is that she was a beautiful woman under a spell
makes her ugliness misleading.
honour and chivalry was what kept King Arthur from breaking his promises with the Black Knight and the Loathly Lady
Chivalry also what leads Sir Gawain to marry the Loathly Lady to honour the king. Conflicts several conflicts
first one was when King Arthur encountered the Black Knight in the woods
Black Knight threatened to take King Arthur’s throne if he didn’t answer the riddle "What is it that all women desire?" correctly within 3 days
second conflict was the search for the answer to the Black Knight’s riddle
The women he had asked had said many different things
he didn’t know what to do, until he met the Loathly Lady on his way to meet the Black Knight
Third conflict happened when Arthur promised the Loathly Lady marriage to one of his knights in exchange for an answer to his riddle
one of his knights had to sacrifice his happiness to marry the hideous lady
because she gave him an answer that Arthur felt was right, and because he was a knight, he had to keep his promise
last conflict was when Sir Gawain had to answer the Loathly Lady’s question to free her from her curse
question was whether the Loathly Lady should be beautiful by day or by night.
he didn't know which one to choose
in the end he left it to her choice, which was the right answer Courtly Love and Chivalry A Comparison of Gender Roles : Then and Now Courtly Love Inner and Outer Beauty What do you make of this picture? Does true beauty really need to be covered up?
Why do we cover it up instead of showing it? love between a knight and a usually married lady that is secret and illegal
knight commits oneself to lady and pretends otherwise
used often in Medieval and Renaissance literature 5 Attributes 1. aristocratic
must be in someplace noble (palace or court) (a.k.a. cheating) 2. Ritualistic
women received many gifts
men received nods of acknowledgment
women were the "mistresses" of the affair 3. Secret (obviously)
had "own world" with secret rendezvous points, code
no one knew except the "go-betweens" 4. Adulterous
people attracted to idea of courtly love because they can get away from their arranged political marriages 5. literary
in songs and stories before it became a reality Chivalry knighthood, noblemen
usually means qualities in a knight that were most ideal
guidelines and traditions for knighthood
a system for knighthood in medieval times
became the foundation for modern day good manners
Knights had to...
...be courageous in battle
...honour their promises
...be courteous and respectful to women
...fight for the church when needed Example of this would be Queen Guinevere and Sir Lancelot King Arthur and the Arthurian Legends Tradition King Arthur Celtic king
historians cannot prove he was real and actually a leader
subject of many medieval texts
son of Uthor and Ingraine
husband of Guinevere
became king after pulling out the sword that Merlin had placed in stone
when he came back from fighting Sir Lancelot to fight Mordred-who started a rebellion when Arthur left him in charge of Britain- he was fatally injured
then taken to Avalon, where some say he's resting, waiting to come back Arthurian Legends Tradition stories of adventure, magic and romance Gender Roles and Expectations—Women Gender Roles Expectations—Men From the time of King Arthur up until the Renaissance males were the more dominating gender
able to speak freely
Only men could be teachers, doctors, politicians, and other jobs
They were superior to the opposite gender and often were able to do whatever they wanted
Men had to be chivalrous, polite, and “gentleman-like”
Men were expected to treat women “delicately” What about Now? the expectation of people today depends on the person being asked this question
We are usually given freedom to follow whatever expectations we choose to follow
World events have influenced our society (human rights and freedoms, the right to vote for women)
Follow common rules of civility
Respect and acceptance
The expression of oneself Examples:
Sir Gawain and the Loathly Lady
The Lady of Shallot
Guinevere and Lancelot
Merlin If you choose to, you may ignore all text in this prezi