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The Destructor's: Plot & Structure
Transcript of The Destructor's: Plot & Structure
Yiu, Melody. "Graham Greene Biography." Graham Greene Biography. N.p., n.d.
Web. 07 Sept. 2013.
"Graham Greene (British Author)." Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia
Britannica, n.d. Web. 07 Sept. 2013.
Pearce, Joseph. "The Unquiet Graham Greene: President Bush's Invocation of
Alden Pyle Reveals His Dangerous Naivete." The American Conservative 22
Oct. 2007: 25. EBSCOhost. Web. 10 Sept. 2013.
Arp, Thomas R., Greg Johnson, and Laurence Perrine. Perrine's Literature:
Structure, Sound, and Sense. 11th ed. Australia: Wadsworth Cengage
Learning, 2012. Print.
Structure: Arrangement of plot elements
Most common types of structure
Structure: After a brief flash back, the structure of the story follows a chronological pattern.
Plot and Structure
by: Graham Greene
English novelist, short-story writer, playwright, and journalist.
Commonly uses political settings to outline human moral debates
Could be considered a literary writer or commercial fiction
Born in Berkhamsted, Herefordshire in 1904
Was often picked on for being the headmaster’s son – themes of treachery and betrayal
Sent to a therapist at age 15 – lived with him in London
Introduced to therapist’s literary friends who encouraged him to write
Studied Modern History at Balliol College
Graduated in 1925
Moved on to a job at The Times in London
Married wife in 1929
Success of book The Man Within led him to quit job and pursue career as writer
Traveled to remote locations for motivation for writing
Had multiple affairs
Died in Switzerland in 1991 with his mistress
-Relevance of the London Blitz
-Impact on London and surrounding areas
-Aftermath of the London Blitz
- Protagonists: The main Protagonists of the story are Trevor and Blackie
- Antagonists: The main antagonists of the story are both Old Misery, and the environment in which the Common Gang lives.
Protagonist: Main character
Antagonist: Any force arranged against
- Rising Action, Climax, & Falling Action: The story of The Destructors develops through the boy’s decision to destroy the house. The rising action includes the gathering of the boys and the actual destruction of the infrastructure of the house, the climax occurs when the boys must make a quick decision of whether to abandon the house or not, and the falling action is the complete destruction of Old Misery’s house.
- Conflict: Conflicts include the struggle for power within the Gang, Trevor’s as well as the Gang’s inner animosity for wealth, and Old Misery’s sudden arrival creating the issue of time in destroying the house.
Conflict: Struggle between opposing forces
Types of Conflict
Man vs. Man
Man vs. Nature
Man vs. Society
Man vs. Self
Man vs. Supernatural
Man vs. Fate
Man vs. Technology
- Plot Manipulation: Greene manipulates the plot of the Destructors through a chance occurrence of Old Misery arriving home earlier than his scheduled time, explaining the occurrence as relevant due to rainy weather on Old Misery’s trip.
Plot manipulation: Overuse or exaggerated use of chance or coincidence to change the overall plot
- Artistic Unity: The Destructors displays no specific breaks from the central idea of the story, as the majority of the content relates to the boys inability to see past their inner animosity.
Artistic Unity: Condition of a successful literary work whereby all of its elements work together to achieve its central purpose. It is written to where nothing is included that is irrelevant and nothing is excluded that is essential.
- Ending: The story contains a happy ending when the antagonist is viewed as Old Misery and his elegant house, as “the destructors” accomplish their goal of destroying the house. However, if the main antagonist is viewed as the boy’s inner animosity, the destruction of the house only serves to further degrade their view of a wealthy society and actually creates an unhappy ending.
Happy ending: Where the protagonist's goal is met.
Unhappy ending: When the protagonist fails to meet their goal, or ends up worse off than before.
- Suspense: Suspense is introduced through a dilemma in which Trevor must either abandon his attempts to destroy the house or stay and risk being reprimanded for the destruction of the house.
Suspense: Makes the reader ask "What's going to happen next?"