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Does Materialism define happiness?

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Harnoor Oberoi

on 23 February 2014

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Transcript of Does Materialism define happiness?

How far is our "pursuit" for more a reflection of our "pursuit" of happiness?
One school of thought: "
a value system that is preoccupied with possessions and the social image they project
How happy are we?
More isn't always better...
Pursuit for "more"
Happiness Index
Denmark ranked as the happiest nation in the world.
Happiness is...
Forbes : http://www.forbes.com/sites/christopherhelman/2013/10/29/the-worlds-happiest-and-saddest-countries-2013/
Huffington Post : http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2013/09/09/world-happiness-report-happiest-countries_n_3894041.html#slide=2888597
NYTimes : http://www.nytimes.com/2006/02/08/health/08iht-snmat.html?_r=0
The Guardian : http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2013/dec/09/materialism-system-eats-us-from-inside-out
UNSDN : http://unsdsn.org/happiness/
Harnoor Singh Oberoi
Candidate Number: 006381-0007
TOK Presentation

Barry Scwartz's experiment
Maximizers and Satisfiers

Relationship between choice and happiness.

Experiment concluded that having more choices leads to depression and misery.
Law of Diminishing Marginal Returns
Can one quantify happiness?
Pursuit of Happiness
Rise in GDP, fall in happiness
Population in the pursuit for "more" feel unsatisfied and depressed.
Economic Collapse of Iceland 2008-2011
Increase in well-being of those who focused more on family after the collapse.

Decrease in well-being of those who focused more on materialism in order to regain what was lost during the collapse.
Materialism and Loneliness
Seeking happiness through acquisition.

Psychological research that concluded:

Direct relationships between materialism and loneliness
Materialistic Happiness
It is a type of happiness.

It does bring happiness but it is short-lived.

For more materialistic happiness, the pursuit for "more" begins.
Tyranny of Choice
My materialistic possessions.
Social isolation which led to attachment to possessions.
Changes in behavior.
Ideal Utilitarianism
"a world in which absolutely nothing except pleasure existed—no knowledge, no love, no enjoyment of beauty, no moral qualities—must yet be intrinsically better—better worth creating—provided only the total quantity of pleasure in it were the least bit greater, than one in which all these things existed as well as pleasure."
- G.E.Moore (English Philosopher)
Knowledge, Beauty,Morals and Love
More is Always Better
Social and Community
Full transcript