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Unit 5: Executive Branch

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Laura Case Morgan

on 20 March 2017

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Transcript of Unit 5: Executive Branch

"...The acceptance of, and continuance hitherto in, the office to which your suffrages have twice called me have been a uniform sacrifice of inclination to the opinion of duty and to a deference for what appeared to be your desire. I constantly hoped that it would have been much earlier in my power, consistently with motives which I was not at liberty to disregard, to return to that retirement from which I had been reluctantly drawn..."
- G. Washington
Warm Up
Complete the review part of your handout.
Unit 5:
The Executive Branch

US President
NC Governor
County Sheriff
City Mayor* / Police Chief
President Donald Trump
Vice President Mike Pence
Roy Cooper
Lieutenant Governor
Dan Forest
Sheriff Neil Elks
Allen Thomas
Police Chief
Mark Holtzman
**All of them ENFORCE the law**
"...No person except a natural born Citizen, or a Citizen of the United States, at the time of the Adoption of this Constitution, shall be eligible to the Office of President; neither shall any Person be eligible to that Office who shall not have attained to the Age of thirty-five Years, and been fourteen Years a Resident within the United States."
Article II of the US Constitution
What are the qualifications for President?

What are the qualifications for Vice President?
"...Qualifications. No person shall be eligible for election to the office of Governor or Lieutenant Governor unless, at the time of his election, he shall have attained the age of 30 years and shall have been a citizen of the United States for five years and a resident of this State for two years immediately preceding his election. No person elected to the office of Governor or Lieutenant Governor shall be eligible for election to more than two consecutive terms of the same office..."
Article III of the NC Constitution
What are the qualifications for NC Governor?

What are the qualifications for NC Lieutenant Governor?
What would you expect the qualifications for President to be? What about the governor's qualifications?
What do you think should be included in the President's benefits?
Benefits of being President
$400,000 salary + expense account
White House
Staff (80+ people)
Camp David
Air Force One (jet)
Retirement benefits
Secret Service
Nuclear Football
Other Benefits...
Secret Service Code names:
White House tour:
How much does the President matter?
Washington's Farewell Address
With all that is at stake, why would someone want to be President?
I accepted that you voted for me twice as President...
...because I felt it was my duty & that you really wanted me to do it.
But believe me, I really wanted to return to my retirement.
Warm Up, Part I
Executive Branch
Legislative Branch
Judicial Branch
Draw checks and balances as it relates to the executive branch.
1. Who is the executive leader for the US? State?
2. How are their qualifications different? Do you think that it is appropriate for their qualifications to be different?
3. How does civic duty relate to working in the executive branch?
4. Do you think the benefits of being President are worth the stress of being President? Does the President get too many benefits?
Warm Up, Part II
What does the President do?
Chief Executive
Head of State
Chief Diplomat
Economic Leader
Commander in Chief
Party Leader
Legislative Leader
Judicial Leader
Enforces the law
Manages the bureaucracy
Appoints officials
Symbol of the country
Exhibits patriotism
Continues traditions
Deals with other countries
Manages foreign policy
Proposes budget
Suggests ways to improve economy
Ends strikes
Leads the military
But, remember, Congress declares war*
Leads & represents the party
Endorses others in party
Proposes bills
Signs/vetoes bills
Appoints judges
Pardons, grants amnesty, commutes, & reprieves
Side note:
Under the War Powers Resolution...
President must notify Congress within 48 hours of committing troops to action
Congress has 60 days to approve action or troops will be withdrawn
What does the Governor do?
Chief Executive
Head of State
Chief Diplomat
Economic Leader
Commander in Chief
Party Leader
Legislative Leader
Judicial Leader
Enforces the law
Manages NC bureaucracy
Appoints NC officials
Symbol of NC
Exhibits patriotism
Continues traditions
Deals with other countries
Manages foreign policy
Proposes budget
Suggests ways to improve NC economy
Ends strikes
Leads the NC National Guard
Leads & represents the party
Endorses others in party
Proposes NC bills
Signs/vetoes NC bills
Appoints judges
Why not?
Judges are elected in NC
Why not?
Lets US work with other countries
In which role, would the executive...
Exhibit patriotism?
Manage the selective service?
Lead US intervention in the Middle East?
Head of State
Commander in Chief
Chief Diplomat
Economic / Legislative Leader
Chief Diplomat
Economic Leader
Party Leader
Chief Executive
Head of State
Chief Diplomat
Head of State
Commander in Chief
Create a Help Wanted Ad for President.
Be sure to include:
Job description
Remember that there are other levels of executives. What level of executive branch would handle the following situations?
Educational strikes are occurring nation-wide.
Hurricane John is heading towards FL.
Someone is evading arrest on HWY 13.
Other examples???
Warm Up
US President
NC Governor
There are 15 departments under the president. Each department is led by a secretary *except Dept of Justice.
system of non-elected officials that

work to implement rules and policies
*called Attorney General
are embedded in the departments.

For example,
Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI)
Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA)
Central Intelligence Agency (CIA)
National Guard
Better Business Bureau (BBB)
Citizenship & Immigration Services (CIS)
Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA)
Alcohol, Tobacco, & Firearms (ATF)
Internal Revenue Services (IRS)
Similar to federal bureaucracy, but agencies & departments assist the governor in enforcing the law.

for example,
State Bureau of Investigation (SBI) instead of FBI

The SBI & the FBI could work together to investigate crime.
NC Bureaucracy
Warm Up
Foreign Policy
a nation's plan for dealing with other nations
National Security
(keeping country safe from harm)
International Trade
(promotes economic prosperity)
Promoting World Peace
Promoting Democracy
How have foreign relations changed over time in the United States?
Treaties & Executive Agreements
Example: North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) is a mutual defense treaty between the US, Canada, and nations of Europe
Appointing ambassadors
Foreign Aid
International Trade
How did these events impact foreign relations in the colonial period?
Military Force
formal agreement between govts of 2 or more countries
agreement between president and leader of another country
official representative of a country's government
$, food, military assistance, supplies
Example: Marshall Plan helped restore Western Europe after WWII
Trade Sanctions - efforts to punish another nation by imposing trade barriers

Embargo - agreement among a group of nations that prohibits trade with target nations

Tariffs - taxes on imported goods

Membership in trade groups (North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), World Trade Organization (WTO))
#3-4 often lead to "interventions"
1. What is the bureaucracy?
2. Name 5 departments. What are they responsible for?
3. Make a list of key terms for each role of the president.
4. Name 3 similarities between governor & president. Name 3 differences.
5. Draw & explain checks & balances.
As President, you would be expected to handle many types of conflicts. With your partner/small group, review each conflict and devise a method to handle it in a way you deem appropriate.
1. For each key term, tell which role of the president is demonstrated.
a. Pardon e. Campaign
b. Appointments f. Budget
c. Treaties g. Bill
d. Troops
2. How does the President check the legislative branch? How does the President check the judicial branch?
3. How does the legislative branch check the President? How does the judicial branch check the President?
4. What is the difference between amnesty & pardon?
5. What is the role of the Department of State? Homeland Security Treasury?
6. Describe 3 agencies.
7. What is the difference between embargo & trade sanction?
8. What is foreign policy? What are the goals & tools used to achieve those goals?
9. Who will replace the President if he cannot fulfill his duty? Which amendment explains this idea?
Warm Up
Warm Up
1. Name the 3 requirements for President. Vice-President?
2. What does the Vice-President do?
3. What is the difference between amnesty and pardon?
4. Give an example of how the President might act as Head of State.
5. What is it called when one country gives food, medicine, or assistance to other countries?
6. What is the #1 goal of foreign policy? The other 3?
7. Which amendments deal with the president?
8. How does the executive branch relate to Montesquieu's ideas?
ex. US embargo on Cuba
Head of State
Pardons, grants amnesty, commutes, & reprieves
Warm Up
Study for your quiz. Review:
Qualifications for governor & president.
Where do we find these qualifications?
Roles of the president/governor
Washington's Farewell Address
After quiz...
Use the iPad to find an news article about executive branch. Find a really good excerpt & take a screenshot (let me know if you need help taking a screenshot).
Create a ShowMe w/ that screen shot and...
Describe what the article is about
Identify vocab words & tell me what they mean
How the article relates to what we've been learning
*Extra points for finding an article that incorporates several levels of executives.
*When you're finished, go to my website & explore the links at the bottom of the Unit 5 page.
Executive Office of the President
and a whole bunch of other ppl on committees...
Chief of Staff
Secretaries of the Departments
+ 9 others...
+ hundreds more
+ 9 others...
Warm Up
Fill in the chart below:
Define federalism:
What levels of gov't are working together to enforce the law?
Warm Up
Get your notebook in order:
Executive Branch (front & back)
Roles of the Executive (front & back)
Foreign Policy (front & bubble map)
When it's ready...
for your test.
Analyze & evaluate.
Let's review!
Warm Up
1. List & describe all amendments that deal w/ the Executive Branch.
2. Who commands the troops? Who declares war?
3. Who enforces the law for the city? County? State?
4. Give an example of the President acting as Party Leader.
5. Explain how a bill becomes a law at the state level.
Hypothetical Situation

Barack Obama proposes the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, which expands government health care (a Democratic plank) and may increase the number of jobs which will in turn improve the economy.

Identify the roles the President is playing in the previous description.
Full transcript