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World War II: A Five Year Journey

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by

Grace Ann Rothwell

on 2 May 2010

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Transcript of World War II: A Five Year Journey

When did it begin?
September 1, 1939.
When did it end?
A long five years
later on September
2, 1945. What is
the name of this
time period? None
other than World
War II... This could be something you
want to know. What kicked the
war off? Germany invaded Poland on Sept. 1.
Adolf Hitler, Germany's dictator, had
a goal. And that was basically world
domination. Germany had some reasons
of their own for starting
yet another world war in the
20th century. These included the following:
*Germany lost land after
WWI and wanted to regain
it. *Germany was in huge
debt because they owed
a total of $57 trillion.
The Great Depression didn't
help matters for them
whatsoever. Germany was going through a
time of struggle. So, when
Adolf Hitler stepped up to
plate, several Germans were
willing to hand matters over
to him. He seemed to know what he
was doing. He seemed to have
a plan. He was persuasive. He
provided people to blame for the Germans troubles.
Who were they? Foreigners, Jews,
communists, gypsies, the mentally
ill and disabled. Now, Hitler especially hated the
Jews. One thing after another
unfolded to prove that. #1: Jews were forced to
be registrated; their ID
cards and passports had to be
marked with a "J", and they had
to wear a badge, or rather, the
Star of David. #2: Jews were sent to the
Ghettos. Ghettos where closed or fenced
in city-type areas that were in
very poor condition. There were
a total of 800 across the whole
of just Eastern Europe. #3: Jews were sent to the
concentration and killing or
"extermination" camps At concentration camps
Jews were kept under
terribly horrifying conditions.
They were usually forced to work. At killing camps, Jews
were basically killed sooner
or later upon entering the
camp. Back to the Poland invasion,it
was like dominoes after that.
France and Britain declared war
on Germany two days later on Sept.3. Countries declared war
on France and Britain because they declared war on Germany. The two sides of the war got allies. Countries signed treaties with each other. Beginning in April of 1940,
Germany starts invading several
countries, which include the
following: Denmark, Norway, France,
Belgium, Luxembourg, and
the Netherlands. On May 10, 1940 (same
time Germany invades
France, Belgium, Luxembourg, and the Netherlands), big changes
come to England. Winston Churchill is
elected as England's
Prime Minister. On June 22, 1940,one of
the allied powers weakens.
France. Nazis had taken
over Paris a few days prior,
and France was finally forced
to surrender. Before I go on, I would
like to point out that
the two sides of the war
were the Allied Powers
and the Axis Powers. Germany was part of the
Axis Powers (along with
Italy and Japan), and
France and Britain were
part of the Allied Powers
(which the U.S. would
later join). This was a difficult
war for pretty much all
of the countries involved
because the Great Depression
was just ending (began on
Oct. 29, 1929; ended in late
1930s or 40s). *Germans were also
embarrassed... The war continues on
without the help of
the U.S. until the end
of 1941... On December 7, Japan
bombs Pearl Harbor. This
greatly upsets the U.S. The next day, the U.S.
declares war on Japan.
Three days after that,
Germany declares war on
the U.S. About two and-a-half
years later the war still
continued. However, this
was time was a turning point.
D-Day landings took place
on June 6, 1944. This was
when U.S. troops among British
troops, Canadian troops, and
others landed on the shores of
Normandy, France. Until maybe just a little
before this event, the U.S.
had not been much involved in the war in Europe. They
had been fighting Japan in the Pacific. Another major battle
during the war was the
Battle of the Bulge. It
lasted from December 16, 1944
to January 25, 1945. German dictator Adolf
Hitler committed suicide
along with his wife on
April 30, 1945. Things began wrapping up
around this time. All
German forces surrendered
on May 7, 1945. Unfortunately, Japan was
still very persistent. It took the U.S. dropping
two atomic bombs ("Little Boy"
in Hiroshima on April 6, 1945
and "Fat Man" on April 9, three
days later) on Japan to get them
to surrender.
Finally, on April 14, 1945,
Japan agreed to unconditional
surrender. The war was finally
over. Yes, the fighting was over.
Yes, treaties were in the
process of being signed. But
the Nuremburg Trials still
needed to be held. This brings me back to
what I find is the most
important during the war.
Full transcript