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Klinefelters (xxx)

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maria vasquez

on 17 December 2013

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Transcript of Klinefelters (xxx)

Klinefelters (xxx)
By: Maria Vasquez

Older children and adults with klinefelters syndrome tend to be taller than their peers.
Compared with unaffected men,adults with klinfelters have an increased risk of developing breast cancer and a chronic inflammatory disease called
Lupus Erythematosus.
Children with klinefelters syndrome may have learning disabilities and delayed speech and language development.

Development
~Physical Development
As babies, the males have decreased strength and weaker muscles, rolling over, sitting up, crawling and walking is delayed.
In late childhood and adolescence the males may be taller than average,
Broader Hips
Shorter Torso
Longer Legs
Less body and facial hair
As Adults, males are taller than average and are prone to health disorders like breast cancer,autoimmune problems,infertility,tooth decay, and less or no production of sperm
Drecreased sex drive or have sexual problems

Klinefelter Syndrome:
A chromosomal condition that affects male physical and Cognitive development.
Description
Affected Individuals typically have small testes that do not produce as much Testosterone as usual.
Testosterone is the hormone that directs male sexual development before birth and during Puberty.
A shortage of Testosterone can lead to delay or incomplete Puberty,
Breast Enlargement,
reduced facial and body hair
and an inability to have Biological Children (Infertility)
Some affected individuals also have Genital differences
opening of the urethra on the underside of the penis
an unusually small Penis (micropenis)
Language Development
As babies they may face delays in speaking and understanding language
As young boys they may have math,reading, or writing problems,difficulties in expressing their needs and thoughts through the use of language and difficulties processing what they hear.
As adults, most may have successful careers,but may continue to have difficulties in jobs that require reading or writing.
Diagnosis
Klinefelters is often diagnosed when a man is being investigated for infertility. The diagnoses can be confirmed by a test called a Karyotype. A blood sample is taken from the man and the chromosomes are studied. This test can show the extra "x" chromosome.
Sometimes KS is diagnosed in a baby boy during antenatal screening carried out for another reason.
KS may be diagnosed at the time of puberty. Puberty may be delayed, a doctor may notice signs of KS when they examine you. Your doctor may then suggest a karyotype blood test.
Treatment
The main treatment for KS is with testosterone to boost the low levels. Testosterone replacement should begin at puberty and is needed lifelong.
Testosterone can help to:
Increase your strength and buld more muscular body type
Increase facial and pubic hair growth
Increase your Libido (sex drive)
Enlarge your testes
Improve mood and self-esteem.
Protect against 'thin bones'
However testosterone treatment does not have any affect on your fertility. It also has little affect on breast tissue development.(Gynaecomastia)
Treatment
Treatment for Gynaecomastia: Men choose to have surgery to remove the breast tissue.

Other Treatments
Other treatments for KS include speech and language therapy and behavioral therapy in children.
Physiotherapy and Occupational therapy are also sometimes needed.
Complications
Males with KS may have an increased risk of certain conditions including:
Cardiovascular Disease
Thin Bones
Breast Cancer
Thromboembolism
Autoimmune Diseases
Diabetes
Citations
www.patient.co.uk/healthklinefelters-syndrome
www.ghr.nlm.nih.gov/condition/klinefelter-syndrome.
www.img.tfd.com/mk/k/x2604-k-07.png
learn.genetics.utah.edu/contemt/disorders/whataregd/klinefelter/images/kleinfelter_karyotype
Full transcript