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Wikileaks - Trial 1

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Ivan Lim

on 2 November 2012

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Transcript of Wikileaks - Trial 1

History of Wikileaks Ethics and Social Legal Issues MOST DANGEROUS MAN ON EARTH? EXPERIENCED SECRET LEAKER? Whistleblower? Julian Assange 3 July 1971 Julian Assange was born! 1987 Found his love for computers! Who is he? Founder of Wikileaks Australian journalist and editor 1991 2006 2007 Timeline Sued by: But got off with a small fine Studied Mathematics here Dropped out in the end What protects Wikileaks? What legal issues do Wikileaks face? Espionage Act of 1917 First Amendment Intellectual Property Rights Section 107: United States Code Official Secrets Act Wikileaks servers are held in: -Belgium -Sweden
-Iceland -Sweden's Press Freedom Act -Modern Media Initiative Legislation in Iceland (IMMI) Members Group Khor Shu Hui Samuel Tan Wang Xiu Hui Ivan Lim Shi Hao Jeremy Chen Launched in 4th October 2006 Collect confidential information from anonymous donors Shares confidential information in an international scale through an online website Guantanamo Bay case, 2007 Used to incarcerate dozens of terrorist who have admitted plotting terrifying attacks on US Wikileaks revealed the Standard Operating Procedures of the US Army at Guantanamo Bay detention camps It was revealed that more than 150 innocent people such as farmers or chefs were imprisoned too. What is he doing now? onwards... How does it work? Volunteers maintain the site
Certain members go only by initials
Online chat are done in code
Receives funding from private donors to the foundation Collateral Murder case, 2012 Leaked a video of a US apache helicopter firing down on innocent Iraqi citizens in 2007 Namir Noor-Eldeen 22 Years Old
Iraqi freelance photojournalist
Employed by Reuters Killed in that attack "Well, there's a question as to what sort of information is important in the world, what sort of information can achieve reform. And there's a lot of information. So information that organizations are spending economic effort into concealing, that's a really good signal that when the information gets out, there's a hope of it doing some good."
-Julian Assange Are actions of Wikileaks ethical ? Activist for truth and transparency? Julian Assange: Awarded Reader's Choice for TIME's Person of the Year Award 2010 "Neither Wikileaks nor the soldier or soldiers who divulged the documents should be prosecuted for revealing this information. We should give them a medal."
-Mike Ferner, Veterans for Peace president "In a free society we're supposed to know the truth. In a society where truth becomes treason, then we're in big trouble."
-Ron Paul, Republican Congressman of Texas But at what cost? Ethical Principles Maximizing the greater good
Avoiding Harm
Being fair
Respecting human dignity
Ensuring justice Wikileak's belief Greater transparency will create a better society Also, 2 children were injured in that attack Increased tension in international relations Could cause unnecessary conflicts Lack of selection of information leaked Names of Afghan civilians working as US military informants leaked
Their lives could now be endangered due to Wikileaks' actions Julian Assange has been charged for 2 alleged sexual assaults cases in 2011 Granted political asylum in the Ecuador embassy in London since June
to avoid extradition to Sweden to face rape allegations
will be arrested as soon as he leaves the embassy Fears that he will be ultimately sent to the US to face trail over whistleblowing What is he doing now? Belgium Sweden These nations offer legal protection to the disclosures made on the site Legal Issues
Espionage Act of 1917 in US
Intellectual Property Rights
Official Secret Acts in UK Intellectual Property Rights Jeh Charles Johnson
Department of Defence General Counsel “WikiLeaks is holding the property of the US government, including classified documents and sensitive national security information that has not been authorised for release.” Fair use of copyrighted work for the use of news reporting is not a breach of copyright. Prosecution of newspapers or journalists who published secret information, including that belonging to foreign governments. Julian Assange Allegations of sexual assault Technical Aspect How does Wikileaks work? "an uncensorable system for untraceable mass document leaking" Wikileaks is hosted by Bahnhof Swedish Internet service provider Wikileaks previous hosts After Wikileaks got hit by DDoS attacks, EveryDNS stopped providing Wikileaks service Amazon withdrew service from Wikileaks claiming they violated the terms and conditions on Amazon.com PRQ - PeRiQuito AB
Hosted Pirate Bay
provides "highly secure, no-questions-asked hosting services" How does Wikileaks ensure that their donors remain anonymous "Fast, easy and automatically encrypted with the best banking-grade encryption. We keep no records as to where you uploaded from, your time zone, browser or even as to when your submission was made." Wikileaks Submission Site The Onion Router (TOR) Why Onion?? layered nature of the encryption service network of virtual tunnels How does TOR work? original data are encrypted and re-encrypted multiple times
random routes Why Onion?? layered nature of the encryption service Financial Sector layered nature of the encryption service WikiLeaks is a non-profit organisation, largely supported by volunteers, and it is dependent on public donations. Receives money from bank transfers and standard online payment methods. Since the United States diplomatic cables leak in 2010, WikiLeaks has faced global financial blockade by major finance companies such as: Mastercard
Bank of America Ouch! An act that prohibits the disclosure of national security information which could be harmful to the U.S. Collateral Murder case, 2012 95% of their revenue was lost Why Onion?? layered nature of the encryption service Victory over Mastercard/Visa In July 2012, Valitor, VISA and MasterCard's Icelandic partner, ordered to resume processing donations to WikiLeaks within two weeks or face about $6,000 a day in daily fines “The attack has destroyed 95% of our revenue. WikiLeaks has been running on cash reserves for the past eleven months” layered nature of the encryption service WikiLeaks has been financially blockaded for 700 days - no process

Julian Assange has been detained for 697 days - no charge
- 137 days at the Ecuadorian Embassy.

Bradley Manning has been in jail for 894 days - no trail

A secret Grand Jury on WikiLeaks has been active for 780 days - no transparency Status as of 02/11/2012 Future 4 Feb - 15 Mar Bradley Manning's Trial Health issues Issues on his health
Visibly lost weight
Ecuador is seeking assurances that Julian Assange would not be arrested if he was taken from its embassy in London to hospital "Today we've received a threat by the United Kingdom, a clear and written threat that they could storm our embassy in London if Ecuador refuses to hand in Julian Assange," Tension between Ecuador and Britain Ricardo Patino, Ecuador's foreign minister in 16 Aug 2012 “I never thought I would go to such an evil place and see such evil being done. Guantanamo changed me...went in a lawyer and came out a broken father” Dennis Edney, Human rights lawyer "what I'd really like is an apple or something" -actual quote from Julian Assange Updates on Julian Assange, Bradley Manning, and Wikileaks new leaks
Multiple post per day
Very active
Wide use of social media to update the public Reactions and retaliations to Wikileaks Responses from the Media Many have embraced the huge amount of information leaked by Wikileaks Support from online community Anonymous, the infamous hacker group, attacked Mastercard and Visa websites in retaliation to the financial blockage Operation Payback DDoS attacks on companies that terminated their services with Wikileaks Targets include:
Swissbank PostFinance Fund for the Defense of Net Neutrality (FDNN) Wikileaks resumes receiving donations agreed to accept donations for WikiLeaks
receives payments through Carte Bleu Still financially troubled Is the system truly secure? Private First Class Bradley Manning Case United States Army soldier assigned to Afghan
allegedly leaked by him: Collateral Murder video and "Cablegate" leak of 251,287 State Department cables Private First Class Bradley Manning Case Confessed to fellow hacker Adrian Lamo, who reported it the FBI layered nature of the encryption service Lessons to be learnt IT systems may be secure, but there are still many risks
Army point of view: risk of insider leaking sensitive information
Wikileaks point of view: alternative methods to track the leak back to its source Trust who you share your secrets with! Mirror sites set up DDoS attacks on their site are not effective anymore Is it sufficient to bring the giant down? Hackers & Volunteers Servers & Infrastructure Visionary Leader Financial Backing Responses From Media
From Government
From Corporations
From Online Community Responses from governments Wikileaks site have been blacklisted or banned in: China
UAE Legal actions have been taken Espionage Act in USA as mentioned "Closing the barn door after the horses have escaped" Financial Blockage due to pressures from government
Termination of services Responses from corporations Can Wikileaks be sustained? Can Wikileaks be sustained? "Openleaks" A project that allows whistleblowers to disseminate data to third parties
Eg. NGOs, labour unions, the public, and the media

Aims to be more secure than Wikileaks, and to let information be leaked to relevant avenues WikiLeaks releases new tranche of US military documents on Thursday, Oct 25, 2012 Exposed military detention policies, SOPs, Interrogation Manuals at camps at the Guantanamo Bay Naval Base Exposed military detention policies, SOPs, Interrogation Manuals at camps at the Guantanamo Bay Naval Base Movie on Julian Assange! Dear Students,

The Economist Intelligence Unit is looking for the best Business Professor worldwide via the EIU Business Professor of the Year Award. The award is the only global contest to recognize and reward excellence in business teaching. NBS is nominating Prof Vijay Sethi!! Help Prof Vijay win the ultimate recognition in business teaching and an award of $100,000USD Here is what some people have to say! RECOMMEND, LIKE, VOTE!
Best Regards, Julian Assange Accused of sexually assaulting two women in Sweden:
one count of unlawful coercion
one count of minor rape Julian Assange claims that they were consensual

There is, however, a lack of concrete evidence
Accusations are doubtful, evidence do not match www.wikileaks.org Arrested in May 26, 2010
Charged for many crimes such as
communicating national defense information to an unauthorized source
aiding the enemy Special Reporting Session TextfileID#2270 ? ImagefileID#457_02 PersonelfileID#AB1401 Professor Vijay Sethi College of Business (Nanyang Business School) Division of Information Technology and Operations Management   Course Co-ordinator for AB1401 Information Technology PersonelfileID#AB1401 Professor Vijay Sethi Takes 2 index (index 00116 and 00121) Have lessons on Wednesday (S4-SR3 from 14030-1730) and Friday (S4-SR1) from 1230-1530 Wife: Professor Neerja Sethi
Takes 2 index (index 00113 and 00119)
Have lessons on Tuesday (S4-SR3 from 1430-1730) and Wednesday (S4-SR2) from 0930-1230
Teaching BC2403 on Monday (1230-1630) at ITL SA-2 PersonelfileID#AB1401 1996 Certificate Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Sloan School of Management, Boston, USA, “Managing the IT Infrastructure for Global Competitiveness"
1988 Ph.D. University of Pittsburgh, Katz Graduate School of Business, USA
Management Information Systems.
1984 MBA Ohio University, College of Business Administration, USA
General Management
1982 B.Tech. Indian Institute of Technology, New Delhi, India
Chemical Engineering PersonelfileID#AB1401 PersonelfileID#AB1401 PersonelfileID#AB1401 Really???
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