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presentation for history

Tomi saric

on 9 September 2014

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Transcript of Napoleon

Napoleon Bonaparte Early life Rise to power Fun Facts (1769-1821) Carlo Bonaparte Napoleon Bonaparte By: Tomislav Saric. Napoleon Bonaparte was born in 1769 on the Island of Corsica. At the age of ten he left his home on Corsica and went to the French military school of Brienne, where he studied for five years. He later moved to the military academy of Paris. Graduating early, and receiving the military rank of second lieutenant. While the revolution was underway Napoleon was on leave on Corsica, fighting against the french occupation. Maria Letizia Romolino Military Success and Failures Exile and Death After returning from Corsica, Napoleon rejoined the French military. Napoleon joined the Jacobins. when they fell from power and Robespierre was killed in 1794 the Directory took control. Napoleon quickly gained the support of the Directory by saving the government from counter revolutionary forces. For his efforts he was promoted to Commander, and named a trusted advisor for the Directory. In 1796 Napoleon takes command of the French army in Italy leading them in a successful campaign against the Austrians. Rise to power Continued After crushing a royalist threat, he moved on to a middle eastern campaign in an attempt to undermine British trade routs. His campaign in Egypt failed when British Admiral Nelson defeated Napoleons forces. Following the defeat in Egypt, France continued to suffer losses in Italy. Napoleon returned to France, he began plotting a way to overthrow the current Directory and establish his own government called the Consulate. 1799- Napoleon seizes power by a Coup d'ètat.
1799- 1800 Napoleon creates new constitution. 1801- Napoleon signs Concordant with Pope Pius VII. Concordant of 1801 Recognized Roman Catholicism as the religion of France.
established Napoleonic code, which forbade privileges based on birth.
Freedom of religion.
Stated that government jobs must be given to the most qualified. 1792-1797- War of the first coalition. ( Italian campaign ) (Victory) 1798-1801- Expedition to Egypt and Syria.(Defeat) 1799-1802- War of the Second Coalition.(Victory) 1805- War of the third coalition.(Victory) (Austerlitz) 1806-1807- War of the fourth coalition.( Victory) 1807-1814- Peninsular war. Defeat resulting in Napoleons abdication. 1809- War against Austria of 1809.(Victory) 1812-1813-War against Russia.(Defeat) 1813-Wars of liberation German part. (withdrawal)
1813-1814 Wars of liberation French part. (Defeat) 1815- The 100 days.(Defeat) (Waterloo) Waterloo Napoleon as emperor Two years after being elected for Consul, Napoleon declared himself the first emperor of France. Napoleon implemented lasting reforms within France. Napoleon wanted and did separate church and state affairs, in their public school systems. Napoleon developed a civil code that is still in effect today. It introduced a unified and logical system based on general principles of law. Equality of all in the eyes of the law. Preserved social aims of the revolution. Freedom to work in an occupation of one's choice Austerlitz Coronation of Napoleon Emperor Napoleon I After Napoleons defeat in Russia, he abdicated and was exiled to Elba in 1814 after he signed the treaty of Fontainbleau. In the year 1815, Napoleon succesfully escaped the Island and quickly made his way to Paris. Defeat in Russia He was enthusiastically welcomed home, however people began to question his competence and ability to lead. As soon as he regained control of France he lead them into battle winning against the Prussians. The feeling of victory was not to last because when Napoleon fought the battle of Waterloo, he was defeated by joint British and Prussian forces. Napoleon was once again abdicated, this time sent to the island of St. Helena. There he stayed until he died at the age of 51 due to stomach cancer in the year 1821. Napoleon's brother Joseph was the King of Spain. As a young Boy Napoleon hated the French, yet went on to become their emperor. During his Egyptian conquest he discovered the Rosetta Stone. It is believed that if Napoleon attacked earlier in the day during the Battle of Waterloo he could have possibly been victorious. Napoleon established the metric system in France. Battle of Waterloo Defeat in Russia Battle of Austerlitz Also known as the Battle of the Three Emperors. Known as one of Napoleon's greatest Victories. In this battle The French army under Napoleon I effectively crushed the Third Coalition. Tzar Alexander I of Russia.
Emperor Francis II of Austria.
Napoleon I of France. The Treaty of Pressburgh was signed requiring Austria to pay forty million franks and concede land to France. Napoleon abolished The Holy roman Empire, and established the Confederation of the Rhine as a buffer between France and Prussia. French Casualties: 1,305. Allied Casualties: 15,000. Against repeated advice against invading Russia, Napoleon began the invasion on June 24th 1812. Napoleons goal was to win a quick victory, forcing Russia to negotiate terms. The French army numbering about 600,000 men marched into western Russia. against Russia's smaller 200,000 man army. The reason for Napoleons defeat was, the Russian Scorched earth tactic. As the Russian army retreated deeper within Russia they burnt and destroyed everything on their path including their Capitol Moscow. Napoleon was effectively stuck in Russia due to lack of supplies and an early Russian winter. Napoleon was forced to retreat abandoning most of his army. The Battle was fought on June 15th 1815 near Waterloo, present day Belgium. The battle was fought between Napoleons french army and the Anglo allied army (Britain, Prussia, and Netherlands ). Napoleon was forced to attack first with 69,000 forces fearing the Prussian army joining the British allied forces which together numbered 118,000 men. Within three days napoleon was succesfully beaten back by the Coalition, leaving him with a disorganized army. The Coalition entered France restoring Louis XVIII to power after Napoleon I abdicated and was exiled. “The only victories which leave no regret are those which are gained over ignorance.”

― Napoleon Bonaparte Also known as the Napoleonic Code.
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