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Transcript of American Romanticism
Features of American Romanticism:
1. Belief in natural goodness of man.
2. Sincerity and faith in emotion as markers of truth.
3. Belief that what is special in a man is to be valued over what is representative.
4. Nature as a source of instruction, delight, and nourishment for the soul.
5. Affirmation of the values of democracy and the freedom of the individual.
6. High value placed on finding connection with fresh, spontaneous in nature and self.
7. Interest in the “antique”: medieval tales and forms, ballads.
8. Belief in perfectibility of man; spiritual force immanent not only in nature but in mind of man.
9. Development of a unique form in each work.
What is Romantic Literature?
James Fenimore Cooper
James Fenimore Cooper wrote brilliant nautical, socio-political, and romantic novels.
James Fenimore Cooper
Washington Irving wrote numerous short stories, biographies, histories, and tales of his travels. His characters Ichabod Crane and Rip van Winkle are now icons of popular American culture.
In Leaves of Grass (1855), he celebrated democracy, nature, love, and friendship. This monumental work chanted praises to the body as well as to the soul, and found beauty and reassurance even in death.
Herman Melville uses nature as a tool to express his thoughts, and make the story movement. He focuses in emotions, independence, and spirituality.
Love of Nature
Love of the Common Man
Strange and Far-away Places
Hawthorne became one of the leading writers of his time, moving away from formalism and exploring the ideas of individual responsibility, the importance of creative expression and man's relationship to the natural world.
Originally a European movement, emphasized feeling and intuition over reason, sought wisdom in natural beauty, and valued poetry above all the works of the imagination.
To say the word Romanticism is to say modern art - that is, intimacy, spirituality, color, aspiration towards the infinite, expressed by every means available to the arts.
The Influence of Romanticism
American Romanticism can best be described as a journey away from the corruption of civilization and the limits of rational thought and toward the integrity of nature and the freedom of imagination
Romanticism in Music
Romantic composers altered the balance by applying more freedom to the form and structure of their music, and using deeper, more intense expressions of moods, feelings, and emotions.
Robert Schumann and Richard Wagner
Romanticism in Art
Artistic and intellectual movement stressed strong emotion, imagination, freedom from classical art forms, and rebellion against social conventions.
John Martin and John Constable
Romanticism afforded sculptors the opportunity to free themselves from past models. The works were based on the imagination and appealing to the emotions.
Romanticism in Sculpture
Daniel Chester French and Barye Antoine-Louis