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The New Canadian Flag

History Assignment by Kiran, Manisha, and Jyoti!


on 10 June 2013

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Transcript of The New Canadian Flag

This year, red and white were declared of Canada the official colours http://www.canadianflaghistory.com/ http://www.pch.gc.ca/pgm/ceem-cced/symbl/df1-eng.cfm http://canadaonline.about.com/cs/canadasymbols/a/nationalflag.htm Bibliography Canadian Flag The Journey of the For over a century, the Canadian flag has been a universal symbol of peace, prosperity and hope. But few people know about the history behind the beautiful Canadian flag we know today. The history of the creation of the national flag dates back to the early 1900's, years after Canada became a country and much after Confederation! The Journey of the Canadian Flag An Introduction Thank You! A Presentation by Kiran, Manisha and Jyoti! "The flag is the symbol of the nation's unity, for it, beyond any doubt, represents all the citizens of Canada without distinction of race, language, belief or opinion." Honourable Maurice Bourget Honourable Lester B. Pearson John Matheson Important People established the conceptual framework for a suitable flag, then sought out and combined the appropriate components to create it
played a key advisory role
one of the strongest supporters for a new flag wanted a distinctive national flag as a vehicle to promote national unity
Prime Minister during the creation of the flag
nationalistic and proud Canadian provided the seminal concept - the central concepts of red-white-red stripes with a central maple leaf
brought to the attention of the committee the fact that a Commandant (from the school) had created an impressive flag Dr. George Stanley 1965 and present Canada's first flag
carried by John Cabot when he reached the eastern coast of Canada in 1497
was adopted from England
shows England's influence and control over Canada
this flag was a symbolization of freedom, honor and pride for all Canadians
is used in the coat of arms of some provinces The Union Flag flag hoisted in most military installations in Quebec and later for both Upper Canada and Lower Canada.
1603: James VI of Scotland inherited the English and Irish thrones (as James I), uniting the crowns of England, Scotland and Ireland in a personal union (which remained separate states)
12 April, 1606: a new flag to represent this new royal union between the countries was created in a specific manner Flag of Quebec was created in 1948
symbol of French sovereignty in Canada until the 18th century (Britain took over)
the fleur-de-lis was a symbol of purity (originally represented the Virgin Mary)
passed on by Jacques Cartier Royal Union Flag originally dates back to 1603
is the national flag of the United Kingdom
a flag with an official or semi-official status in some Commonwealth realms
used as an official flag in some of the smaller British overseas territories
also appears in the canton (upper-left corner) of the flags of several nations and territories that were former British colonies 1964 Canadian Red Ensign a former flag of Canada, used by the federal government though it was never adopted as official flag by the Parliament of Canada
it is a British Red Ensign, featuring the Union Flag in the canton, along with the shield of the Coat of Arms of Canada
flown at Vimy Ridge in 1917
was the pre-1870 version with the arms of Canada's first four provinces 1948 National Flag of Canada contains Canada's official colours, and symbol (11-pointed Maple Leaf)
Adopted in 1965 to replace the Ensign Flag, it is the first ever specified by statute law for use as the country's national flag
Nation flag of Canada was declared in 1965, by the Queen
Official name of the Canadian flag is “the National Flag of Canada”
Approved by parliament in 1964
stated by the Queen (Elizabeth ll) to become effective from Feb. 15, 1965
Announcement of the Royal Arms of Canada (in November 21, 1921)
Maple leaf traditional symbol of Canada 1921 Speaker of the Senate National Symbols the Canadian flag is an important symbol
represents our nation, our people, heritage and history
in order to respect the Aboriginal people in Canada, the maple leaf has been given a lot of significance
Aboriginals of Canada discovered maple sap from maple trees and began gathering sap annually every spring
began to serve as Canada’s symbol in the early 1700
became the official symbol of Canada on February 15, 1965; was introduced as a national symbol in the mid-1830's of Canada St. George's Cross 1921 Creating the New Canadian Flag •PM Lester B. Pearson wished to have a distinctive and recognizable flag
•June 15, 1964 PM Lester B. Pearson proposed creating a new flag to the House of Commons
•December 17, 1964: the Senate approved the New Canadian Flag
•The document was made official by the Governor General on February 15, 1965 a.k.a. Union Jack 1955 1962 Designing the New Canadian Flag Debates went on and lasted 3 months
October 29, 1964, it was suggested to the House of Commons that the flags should consists of a leaf, and the nation colors
Dr. George Stanley designed the flag with the a red maple leaf in the center of 2 red strips according to which the flag of England (a red cross on a white background, known as St George's Cross), and the flag of Scotland (a white saltire on a blue background, known as the Saltire or St Andrew's Cross), would be joined together, forming the flag of Great Britain and first union flag Importance to Canadians Maple leaf is the traditional symbol of Canada and all Canadians
represents the important events which occurred in Canada's past
the new flag is a representation of all Canadians as it has the symbolic maple leaf and Canada's official colours How was the current flag chosen? Lester B. Pearson 1914 Canadian soldiers wore the maple leaf of their military badges – great word war one 1939 WWII : many canadians soldiers wore the maple leaf as a symbol of prime minister, Sir John A. MacDonald the maple leaf is a distinctive symbol of the Royal Arms of Canada the maple leaf appears on the coat of arms which was granted to Quebec and Ontario 1868 1921 that were involved in the birth of the flag How it all began... the maple leaf was used to symbolize Canadian land and people
was first proposed as the symbol of Canada in 1834 by Saint-Jean-Baptiste
1836: lower Canada accepted the maple leaf as a national symbol
used as decorations for the visit of the Prince of Wales in 1860
appears on the coats of arms which was granted to Quebec and Ontario in 1868
distinctive symbol of the Royal Arms of Canada declared in 1921
Sir Eugene Fiset had recommended the leaf as Canada's emblem as it was what Canadian Olympic athletes had been wearing since 1904 The Maple Leaf A National Symbol 1. How was the current flag chosen?
2. When did Canada become a country
3. Which country did the Union Flag represent?
4. Name at least 2 important people involved with the creation of the flag.
5. What does “Fleur-de-lis” mean?
6. Which flag played a significant role in the war of Vimy Ridge?
7. What did was the first half proposed?
8. What date was the current flag proposed?
9. What is the significance of the current Canadian flag?
10. When was the original flag originated?
11. When is the national Flag Day?
12. What are some of the barriers that arose during the period of development?
13. Can you name all the flags in order?
14. How does the Canadian flag represent the heritage of Canada?
15. Name 3 people who played an important role in the development of the New Canadian Flag?
16. Who is John Matherson?
17. Who is Dr. Georges Stanley, what role did he play in the creation of the design of the flag?
18. How does the discovery of maple syrup relate to the Canadian flags?
19. What is the flag a symbol of now?
20. What was the flag a symbol of in the past?
21. What is the Canadian Red Ensign and why was it an important part?
22. What role did Lester B. Pearson play in developing the Canadian Flag?
23. When was the current Canadian flag proposed?
24. When was the first Canadian flag proposed? Questions
•A flag with a gold fringe around it
•It has no symbol in history and law
•Frequently used on military flags and during parades, public meetings, offices, gov’t officials (formal setting)
•Used in the private sector
•Decorative addition to the flag
•The Royal Proclamation on the National Flag does not have restrictions as to what you are allowed to put on the flag (tassels, headings, sleeve, fringe, other accessories)
•Cannot have writing or printing or pinning on it Ceremonial Dress Flag ( but was used on federal buildings) Shield of the Royal Arms of Canada Union Jack 1925 the Privy Council was in search for design that could be possible flags; but this work was nto completed 1946 another parliamentary committee was assigned a similar duty; they got over 2,600 designs; but they were unable to formally vote and set a decision 1964 P.M. Pearson was nationalistic and wanted a new flag for the country; debate lasted for 3 months and they finalized 3 designs out of thousands Lester B. Pearson was also honored for making the national flag a way to promote national unity
Single flag design was approved by the House of Commons on December 15, 1964
Went through the Senate and the Queen on February 15, 1965
October 1964, 3 designs were finalized
1) Red Ensign with the Fleur-de-lis and the Union Jack
2) a red flag with a maple leaf on a white square
3) 3 red maple leafs with blue side borders Pearson preferred this flag as it represented the Canadian motto, "From sea to sea" A few other Canadians played a key role in the creation of the New Canadian Flag... ->Jacques St-Cyr
->George Bent
->Gunter Wyszchi All helped design and create the National Flag of Canada we know today! A dean at Royal Military College Red and white were declared Canada's official colours in 1921 by King George V. Bibliography http://www.fraser.cc/FlagsCan/Nation/CanFlag.html
http://canadianaflags.tripod.com/canadaflagproposals.htm Coat of Arms
of 1868
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