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Basic Needs

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Helene Sparangis

on 17 September 2012

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Transcript of Basic Needs

Dettwyler's "Stuff Theory" of Material Culture and House Form Basic Needs pgs. 50-64 How often must they move? Three questions associated with the amount of material culture Sedentary populations don't HAVE to move. Nomadic Foragers move very often If people have cars, U-Hauls, or moving vans they most likely have more stuff than people who rely on pack animals. Shelter Nomadic foragers who live in warm climates and in small, temporary houses that may be labeled as what? Getting Food Why is it important for us to learn about the hunter gatherers? In some societies, women are usually in charge of most of the gathering, while men hunt the larger prey. Foraging Question: In the past, is it shown that men or women collect more food? We don't know. Cultural Anthropologists see them as egalitarian--meaning equal in status. Sharing If one is successful in bringing food, everyone gets to eat. About how many people are in a foraging group? 25-50 people How do anthropologists use the term "Pastoralist?" Pastoralism Certain societies that live off of taking care of a herd of animals.
The herd provides for the food supply. What types of animals does this include? Camels How far must they move? How can they transport their goods? Goats Sheep Donkeys Buffalo Movement Patterns Pastoralists must always keep in mind their animals' needs for water and food. Usually travel according to their seasons What is the difference between horticulture and agriculture? Horticulture: growing domesticated plants using humans as the source of power and a digging stick or a hoe rather than a plow. Agriculture: growing domesticated plants with the addition of domesticated animals as a power source and the plow as a tool. Huts Nomadic Pastoralists/ Transhumant Sedentary Peoples Shelter is stronger WWOOF World Wide Opportunities on Organic Farms The goal of WWOOFing is to provide people with experience in organic farming and let volunteers experience life in rural settings around the world. What are examples of the types of shelter transhumant peoples live in? Yurts Live in strong houses that are expected to last for decades and centuries Nomadic/Transhumant People vary Collection of Food WWOOFing is a modern version of pastoralism Pastoralists live off of their herds. What is the most important food humans need/want from animals? Milk Not only for strong bones, in other countries, adults usually do not consume milk.
Milk they get from animals is used for butter, yogurt, cheese, or added to foods. Nomadic Foraging Lifestyle moving from landscape to landscape moving very often depending on the environment Example, some people move around America wherever they can get work Dettwyler's Stuff Theory restricted range compared to earlier times. lands have been invaded by: This mode of subsistence was the only one practiced by humans for most of human existence. http://www.wwoof.org/ Humans need shelter against environment

Types of shelters depend on:

Local environmental conditions
Local resources available for building shelter
Patterns of movement required subsistence avoid disease/predators
creative differences People adapt to:

Variations in temperature Theory of House Form describes the main types of shelter that people rely on to protect themselves and their possessions (their “stuff”) from nature. Top 10 Ways to Forage in Los Angeles By Willy Blackmore Food to be foraged for in Los Angeles without traveling across the country. herbs ice plants snails bayleaves greens pollens The End What is EEA? Theory of House Form live in small temporary, easy to build houses Kotas Teepees Stretch of time in which hunting and gathering lifestyle were critical. pastoralists,farmers, miners, multinational corporations, government troops, tourists, etc. Cultural Anthropology & Human Experience The Feast of Life Katherine A. Dettwyler copyright 2011 http://blogs.laweekly.com/squidink/2010/05/foraging_in_los_angeles.php Environment of Evolutionary Adaptedness
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