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Animal (Diversity)

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by

Angela Cheong

on 26 July 2013

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Transcript of Animal (Diversity)

Just like us, animals needs...
AIR
WATER
FOOD
HABITAT
Do you know what is a
?
GROUND
UNDER
Small animals dig and live in underground burrows or holes
for
protection from danger and weather
.
GRASSLAND
Herbivores like giraffe and goat live on grassland
so that they can
find their food and water easily
.
Animals live in caves for
different purposes
.
Eg. Lioness
reproduces

her cubs and switch caves in order to protect them from the rest of the lions and cub predators.
TREES
Trees
provide shelter
from the weather and enemies.
It also
provides food
in the form of fruits, nuts, leaves, bark, and roots.
It is a place where the animals live in.
Hmm... Where do animals live?
Saltwater fish only lives in sea and ocean
as water with high concentration of salt.
Freshwater fish can only adapt in shallow wetlands like lakes, ponds and rivers, where the salinity of water is less than 0.05%.
Amphibian/Semi-aquatic animals are able to live in both land and sea as they have large lungs that allow them to spend a large majority of their lives on the water.
CAVES
LAND
WATER
BOTH
SALTWATER
FRESHWATER
BOTH LAND AND WATER
Let's classify the animals into
6
groups.
Mammal
Reptile
Insect
Fish
Bird
Amphibian
Mammals
FEED ON MOTHER'S MILK
However, two exceptions are platypus and spiny anteater, which lay eggs
GIVE BIRTH TO YOUNG
HAIR ON BODY
CROCODILE
Reptile
LAY EGGS
SOME HAS SHELL (HARD SCALE)
NO EARS BUT EARHOLES
Located at the side of their head behind its eye (Eg. Crocodile)
Midway down between the eye and the corner of the mouth (Eg. Snake)
Fish
MUST LIVE IN WATER
However, some fishes like snakehead and mudskipper are able
to stay out of water for a few hours up to a few days without dying
Water with high concentration of salt - Ocean and Sea
SOME LIVE IN SALTWATER
SOME LIVE IN FRESHWATER
Water with as little as 0.05% concentration of salt - Lake, River, Pond
STREAMLINED BODY
To swim easily. However, stingray and flounder has flattened bodies.
BREATHE WITH GILLS
SWIM WITH FINS
MOST FISHES LAY EGGS
SOME LIVE IN BOTH SALT AND FRESHWATER
Tilapia, Mudskipper and Archerfish live in mangroves with brackish water (a mixture of both fresh and salt water)
SCALES ON BODY
Hard scales for protection
Like guppy and molly, they do not lay eggs but give birth to their young.
To keep warm, fly and attract partner
( Most of the male birds have more attraction feathers than females. )
FEATHERS ON BODY
HAVE BEAK AND WINGS
SOME HAVE WEBBED FEET
LAY EGGS
Usually these birds can swim
All birds have wings but not all birds can fly. Eg. Ostrich, Emu, Penguin, Kiwi
ANIMALS
student project
created by:
N
L
(DIVERSITY)
SCALES ON BODY
Some fishes give birth to their young.
In nest to keep them warm by sitting on them
Insect
SOME WITH 1 PAIR OF WINGS
Eg. Mosquito and housefly
SOME WITH 2 PAIR OF WINGS
Eg. Bee, butterfly, dragonfly
SOME WITH NO WINGS
Eg. Ant, silverfish, termite
LAY EGGS
Some insects like aphids, do lay eggs as well as give birth to their young depending on the environmental conditions.
NO BONES
Hard outer covering or exoskeleton its shape and protect its soft body
THORAX
Six legs and wings
ABDOMEN
contains the insect's digestive tract and reproductive organs
Amphibian
Live in moist places/near water to keep their bodies from drying out
LIVE IN BOTH WATER AND LAND
protected by a slippery layer of mucus
SOFT, MOIST SKIN
Eg. frog, salamander, toads
HAVE BONES
HERBIVORE
CARNIVORE
OMNIVORE
Plant-eaters
Meat-eaters
Plant and meat-eaters
DIET
Birds
Do you know what do animals eat?
Different animals have different
GIRAFFE
LION
CAT
CAT
and

LION

has the
similar
body shape
However,
LION
is
bigger
in size than
CAT
COLOURS
help us to identify animals
other than shape and size,
AMOUNT OF COLOURS ON BODY
ONE COLOUR
MORE THAN ONE COLOUR
BRIGHT COLOUR ON BODY
TO WARN ENEMIES THAT IT IS POISONOUS OR TASTE HORRIBLE
SOME MALES ARE MORE COLOURFUL THAN FEMALE
TO ATTRACT FEMALE WITH THEIR COLOURFUL COLOURS
IMITATE ITS SURROUNDING
TO HIDE AWAY FROM ENEMIES
CHANGE BODY COLOURS TO BLEND
TO PROTECT ITSELF FROM ENEMIES AND HUNT FOR PREYS
The body shape of
GIRAFFE

is

different
from the body shape of

LION
However,
GIRAFFE
is
bigger
in size than
LION
DOG
FROG
ZEBRA
TORTOISE
ROOSTER
HEN
LARVA
CHAMELEON
PUPPY
GIRAFFE
HIPPOPOTAMUS
WHALE
BAT
BAT - ONLY MAMMAL THAT HAS WINGS
SNAKE
TORTOISE
TURTLE
CHAMELEON
USE NOSTRIL TO BREATHE
COLD-BLOODED
Cold-blooded animals cannot regulate their own body heat, so they depend on warmth from sunlight to become warm and active.
If they get too hot, they have to find shade or a burrow to help them cool down.
SHARK
MACKEREL
TILAPIA
ARCHERFISH
GOLDFISH
GUPPY
PARROT
OWL
EAGLE
DUCK
BEE
BUTTERFLY
FROG
HOUSEFLY
BEETLE
COCKROACH
ANT
LARVA
RABBIT
RAT
ZEBRA
GIRAFFE
SHEEP
GOAT
GRIZZLY BEAR
WOLF
BAT
LION
SQUIRREL
KOALA BEAR
OWL
MONKEY
WHALE
SHARK
MACKEREL
JELLYFISH
GOLDFISH
GUPPY
GUPPY
TADPOLE
OTTER
TURTLE
CROCODILE
SEALION
HORSE
DEER
BEE
EAGLE
FROG
CROCODILE
BEAR
MONKEY
SEALION
GRASSHOPPER
HEAD (FEELERS/ANTENNAE)
To assist the insect to smell and touch
FLY
SWIM
Different animals have their own way of moving around.
GLIDE
HOP
CRAWL
GALLOP
WRIGGLE
CLIMB
SWIM
Eg. Caterpillar, Earthworm
Eg. Ant, Lizard
Eg. Horse, Deer
Eg. Fish, Shark
Eg. Kangeroo, Frog
Pushing bodies against body
Flapping wings
Using hand and legs to move
Eg. Bird, Housefly
Pushing bodies against the ground
Moving forward with short feet
Using legs to walk and hop at the same time
Using fins, tails and flippers in water
Jump with hind legs
Eg. Snake, Snail
Eg. Koala bear, Monkey
Full transcript