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Transcript of Animal (Diversity)
Do you know what is a
Small animals dig and live in underground burrows or holes
protection from danger and weather
Herbivores like giraffe and goat live on grassland
so that they can
find their food and water easily
Animals live in caves for
her cubs and switch caves in order to protect them from the rest of the lions and cub predators.
from the weather and enemies.
in the form of fruits, nuts, leaves, bark, and roots.
It is a place where the animals live in.
Hmm... Where do animals live?
Saltwater fish only lives in sea and ocean
as water with high concentration of salt.
Freshwater fish can only adapt in shallow wetlands like lakes, ponds and rivers, where the salinity of water is less than 0.05%.
Amphibian/Semi-aquatic animals are able to live in both land and sea as they have large lungs that allow them to spend a large majority of their lives on the water.
BOTH LAND AND WATER
Let's classify the animals into
FEED ON MOTHER'S MILK
However, two exceptions are platypus and spiny anteater, which lay eggs
GIVE BIRTH TO YOUNG
HAIR ON BODY
SOME HAS SHELL (HARD SCALE)
NO EARS BUT EARHOLES
Located at the side of their head behind its eye (Eg. Crocodile)
Midway down between the eye and the corner of the mouth (Eg. Snake)
MUST LIVE IN WATER
However, some fishes like snakehead and mudskipper are able
to stay out of water for a few hours up to a few days without dying
Water with high concentration of salt - Ocean and Sea
SOME LIVE IN SALTWATER
SOME LIVE IN FRESHWATER
Water with as little as 0.05% concentration of salt - Lake, River, Pond
To swim easily. However, stingray and flounder has flattened bodies.
BREATHE WITH GILLS
SWIM WITH FINS
MOST FISHES LAY EGGS
SOME LIVE IN BOTH SALT AND FRESHWATER
Tilapia, Mudskipper and Archerfish live in mangroves with brackish water (a mixture of both fresh and salt water)
SCALES ON BODY
Hard scales for protection
Like guppy and molly, they do not lay eggs but give birth to their young.
To keep warm, fly and attract partner
( Most of the male birds have more attraction feathers than females. )
FEATHERS ON BODY
HAVE BEAK AND WINGS
SOME HAVE WEBBED FEET
Usually these birds can swim
All birds have wings but not all birds can fly. Eg. Ostrich, Emu, Penguin, Kiwi
SCALES ON BODY
Some fishes give birth to their young.
In nest to keep them warm by sitting on them
SOME WITH 1 PAIR OF WINGS
Eg. Mosquito and housefly
SOME WITH 2 PAIR OF WINGS
Eg. Bee, butterfly, dragonfly
SOME WITH NO WINGS
Eg. Ant, silverfish, termite
Some insects like aphids, do lay eggs as well as give birth to their young depending on the environmental conditions.
Hard outer covering or exoskeleton its shape and protect its soft body
Six legs and wings
contains the insect's digestive tract and reproductive organs
Live in moist places/near water to keep their bodies from drying out
LIVE IN BOTH WATER AND LAND
protected by a slippery layer of mucus
SOFT, MOIST SKIN
Eg. frog, salamander, toads
Plant and meat-eaters
Do you know what do animals eat?
Different animals have different
in size than
help us to identify animals
other than shape and size,
AMOUNT OF COLOURS ON BODY
MORE THAN ONE COLOUR
BRIGHT COLOUR ON BODY
TO WARN ENEMIES THAT IT IS POISONOUS OR TASTE HORRIBLE
SOME MALES ARE MORE COLOURFUL THAN FEMALE
TO ATTRACT FEMALE WITH THEIR COLOURFUL COLOURS
IMITATE ITS SURROUNDING
TO HIDE AWAY FROM ENEMIES
CHANGE BODY COLOURS TO BLEND
TO PROTECT ITSELF FROM ENEMIES AND HUNT FOR PREYS
The body shape of
from the body shape of
in size than
BAT - ONLY MAMMAL THAT HAS WINGS
USE NOSTRIL TO BREATHE
Cold-blooded animals cannot regulate their own body heat, so they depend on warmth from sunlight to become warm and active.
If they get too hot, they have to find shade or a burrow to help them cool down.
To assist the insect to smell and touch
Different animals have their own way of moving around.
Eg. Caterpillar, Earthworm
Eg. Ant, Lizard
Eg. Horse, Deer
Eg. Fish, Shark
Eg. Kangeroo, Frog
Pushing bodies against body
Using hand and legs to move
Eg. Bird, Housefly
Pushing bodies against the ground
Moving forward with short feet
Using legs to walk and hop at the same time
Using fins, tails and flippers in water
Jump with hind legs
Eg. Snake, Snail
Eg. Koala bear, Monkey