Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM

Copy

Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.

DeleteCancel

Make your likes visible on Facebook?

Connect your Facebook account to Prezi and let your likes appear on your timeline.
You can change this under Settings & Account at any time.

No, thanks

Western Expansion

No description
by

Max Fish

on 20 January 2015

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of Western Expansion

WOW!
Look at all this land!
Let's move WEST!
1853
The Middle Ground
Let's move all the Native Americans to the
Middle Ground
-- the land between the Mississippi River & the Rocky Mountains. We don't want it and our settlers will have someone to trade with as they pass through.
What about TEXAS?
Texas is part of Mexico, but since 1821
empresarios
or land agents offered Americans
land grants
to farm & ranch in Texas.
President Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna had enough!
What about the rest of Mexico's land?
It looks good to us.
President Polk
There are 6 trails we could take...
Western expansion
BUT WAIT....
It's too big!
We'll never manage.
Haven't you heard about our
Entrepreneurial Spirit
?
We have
capitalism
.
We have
entrepreneurs
.
It's a
MARKET REVOLUTION.
Samuel Morse just invented the telegraph.
1837
We're building Canals & Railroads.
Erie Canal opened in 1825
BUT WAIT....
As we move west the land gets drier & tougher to plow.
Good news!
John Deere invented the Steel Plow. 1837
&
Cyrus McCormick invented the Mechanical Reaper.
1831
OK!
Let's Go!
It's
MANIFEST DESTINY!!!
Great! Until the railroads are ready, let's travel by covered wagon.
but wait...
There's still Native Americans east of the Mississippi River.
We want this land!
The
Black Hawk Wars
will take care of it.
Starting in Illinois and moving to Wisconsin, the Illinois militia slaughtered more than 200 Sauk & Fox people -- forcing the remaining tribes to move west of the Mississippi in 1832.
Let's sign the
Treaty of Fort Laramie,
just in case. We'll pledge to honor the new boundaries & make annual payments to the Native Americans in exchange for guarantees to not attack our settlers & to allow our government to build forts & roads.
1851
(We'll repeatedly violate the treaty anyway.)
Butterfield Overland Trail
California Trail
Mormon Trail
Old Spanish Trail
Oregon Trail
Santa Fe Trail
The
Mormons
go West.
Founded by
Joseph Smith
in NY State, The Church of Latter-day Saints or Mormons moved to Illinois in 1827. After Smith's murder,
Brigham Young,
the new leader of the church, moved the Mormons to the Great Salt Lake in Utah in 1847.
By 1844, about 5,000 Americans had settled in Oregon.
But wait...
Doesn't Great Britain claim
The Oregon Territory
?
President James Polk
President James Polk's Campaign Slogan to acquire the Oregon Territory from Great Britain up to 54° 40' latitude.
The 2 nations peacefully agree on the 49th parallel instead.
Empresario Stephen Austin issued land grants.
TENSIONS GREW...
American had slaves, even though slavery was abolished in 1824
Americans spoke English, not Spanish.
Americans were Protestant, not Catholic.
In 1830, Mexico sealed its boarders, but American settlers kept arriving & Stephen Austin petitioned for more self rule.
But wait...
OK. Back to us.
Determined to force Texans to obey the law, Santa Anna marched 4,000 soldiers to San Antonio.
The Texans attacked first. Taking the Alamo, an abandoned mission used as a fort in 1835.
Santa Anna responded with a counter-attack.
All 187 US defenders at the Alamo died.
The next year, Santa Anna executed 300 rebels.
Remember the Alamo!!!
The Texans struck back!
Led by Sam Houston, they killed 630 and captured Santa Anna.
Who signed
The Treaty of Velasco
and...
Sam Houston
Texas became its own country.
the
REPUBLIC OF TEXAS

Sam Houston became president and invited the US to annex Texas.
Texas became the 28th State in 1845.
but wait...
The Texas Revolution
Since the Mexican Government is unstable, let's take New Mexico & California.
Fifty-Four
Forty or Fight!
In 1845, President Polk sent
John Slidell
to Mexico to purchase New Mexico & California.
Mexico refused.
Polk sent
General Zachary Taylor
to blockade the RIO GRANDE.
Polk sent
John C. Fremont
to explore California, violating Mexico's territorial claim.
The Mexican War
begins.
Mexico sent troops to the
Rio Grande
, 9 Americans were killed.
Congress declared war in 1846.
Polk ordered
Colonel Stephen Kearny
to march into New Mexico.
New Mexico fell to the US without a single shot.
Meanwhile in California...
John Fremont seized the town of Sonoma, and declared California an independent country.
The Republic of California
The US Navy & Colonel Kearny from New Mexico joined forces with Fremont.
The Mexican forces retreated.
US Troops capture Mexico City in 1847.
The
Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo

is signed in 1848.
Mexico agrees to the Rio Grande for Texas' border.
Mexico cedes New Mexico & California.
The US pays $15 Million for California, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, the rest of Colorado & Wyoming and most of Arizona.
AMerica invades mexico
But wait...
Most of Arizona?
Yeah, we realized 5 years later that we needed the bottom bit of Arizona for the railroads. So President Pierce paid an additional $10 Million for
The Gadsden Purchase
in 1853.
OK! Great! We're all set. The border of the lower 48 States is complete.

Now how do we get more Americans to move west?
GOLD!
OK. That will do it.
DISCOVERED AT SUTTER'S MILL!
1848
Full transcript