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Copy of Preterite vs. Imperfect

An Introduction to Preterite and Imperfect Tenses in Spanish
by

Tina Bisoni

on 13 February 2014

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Transcript of Copy of Preterite vs. Imperfect

Preterite
In Spanish, there are
two past tenses.
Preterite vs.
Imperfect

Senorita Bisoni -- Espanol 3-4
Imperfect
and
What's the difference between the two?
Preterite and imperfect (the two past tenses) are used to talk about past actions
depending on the situation
. The preterite is used for SPECIFIC actions and the imperfect is rather used for GENERAL actions. Don't worry, I'll explain it more later.

A shortcut to figure out when to use
preterite
would be to use this acronym....
I
nterruption
PAST TENSES
SPANISH 2
ompleted action
nd or beginning of something
eries of events
Usually, if it's a specific event where you can put it on a calendar, it's probably preterite.
use when the event you're talking about was a...
Interrupted action
While
I was doing
my homework, my sister
took
my laptop.

As David
was talking
, Jennifer
came
into the room.
So the action is interrupting a previously existing action that was stated (usually given in the imperfect).
Completed action
I
went
to school yesterday.
I
ate
pizza for lunch.
I
went
to the movie theater last night.
The action is done and over with.
I
started
high school this year.
You see how it's used for the start or finish of an action or state?
End or beginning of something
I
finished
my last year in Junior High in 2011.
Series of events
Use preterite when there's a series of sequential actions in past time, like,“first this happened, then that occurred, and then...”
After school today, I went to a Track & Field meet, then I drove back to school, then I went to the Black & White gala, and afterwards, I finally went home.
like birthdays, holidays, special events, etc.
Imperfect
Use for general, non-specific, or repetitive actions, situations or states.
Examples:
We
were watching
the fireworks.
I
used to ride
my bike when I was young.
I
often ate
fish when I visited Spain.
The acronym for imperfect is...
eather
W
A
T
C
H
E
D
ge
ime
haracteristics
abitual actions
motion
escription
Weather
It
was
really hot outside.
It
was

freezing
without the heater.
Age
When I
was
eight years old, I
learned
how to ride a bike.
Time
It
was
8'o clock at night when I
started
to eat dinner.
Characteristics
I
was
so immature when I
was
younger.
Habitual actions
I
used to read
a book everyday.
Emotions
I
was
so happy when I
won
the first prize at a competition.
Description
The pancakes
were
very fluffy, sprinkled with chocolate chips and
smelled
like heaven.
Key words to identify Preterite vs. Imperfect
Preterite
Imperfect
yesterday
the day before yesterday
the other day
two days ago
last weekend
suddenly
beginning
always
often
frequently
a lot of times
once in a while
every year
everyday
typically
Conjugations
yo

él/ ella/ usted
nosotros
vosotros
ellos/ellas/ustedes

verbs that end in -ar

Conjugations
PRETERITE:
PRETERITE:
verbs that end in -er/-ir

-iste
-ió
-imos
-isteis
-ieron
yo

él/ ella/ usted
nosotros
vosotros
ellos/ellas/ustedes
EXAMPLE for preterite
Hablar
hablé
hablaste
habló
hablamos
hablasteis
hablaron
yo

él/ ella/ usted
nosotros
vosotros
ellos/ellas/ustedes
comí
comiste
comió
comimos
comisteis
comieron
Comer
Vivir
yo

él/ ella/ usted
nosotros
vosotros
ellos/ellas/ustedes
viví
viviste
vivió
vivimos
vivisteis
vivieron
Conjugations
yo

él/ ella/ usted
nosotros
vosotros
ellos/ellas/ustedes
verbs that end in -ar
-aba
-abas
-aba
-ábamos
-abais
-aban
IMPERFECT:
Conjugations
IMPERFECT:
verbs that end in -er/-ir
-ía
-ías
-ía
-íamos
-íais
-ían
yo

él/ ella/ usted
nosotros
vosotros
ellos/ellas/ustedes
EXAMPLE for imperfect
Hablar
hablaba
hablabas
hablaba
hablábamos
hablabais
hablaban
yo

él/ ella/ usted
nosotros
vosotros ellos/ellas/ustedes
comía
comías
comía
comíamos
comíais
comían
Comer
Vivir
yo

él/ ella/ usted
nosotros
vosotros ellos/ellas/ustedes
vivía
vivías
vivía
vivíamos
vivíais
vivían
yo

él/ ella/ usted
nosotros
vosotros ellos/ellas/ustedes
yo

él/ ella/ usted
nosotros
vosotros
ellos/ellas/ustedes
C
S
E
Imperfect
Preterite
Imperfect
Preterite
Imperfect
Preterite
-aste

-amos
-asteis
-aron

The End
Imperfect
Preterite
Imperfect
Preterite
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