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The Loss of Innocence- The Catcher in the Rye

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Marianne Vaisenbrut

on 10 September 2015

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Transcript of The Loss of Innocence- The Catcher in the Rye

A Literary Analysis from the New Criticism Approach and the Psychological Criticism The Loss of Innocence and the Transition into Adulthood
in the Novel “The Catcher in the Rye”, by J.D. Salinger. General Objective:
To analyze the causes of Holden´s loss of innocence and the elements representing innocence in the novel ´The Catcher in the Rye´
by J.D. Salinger according to the New Criticism and the Psychological Criticism. Specific Objectives
To relate how adult life and the loss of innocence are a one-sided coin. Research Questions Why is Holden so pessimistic and what is his state of mind after the events he describes in the book?

How is adult life related to the loss of innocence in the novel?

Which are the elements that represent innocence in the novel? by Marianne Vaisenbrut Methods
Data analysis. Selecting the elements representing Innocence and Holden´s erratic behavior. Literary Theories The New Criticism (Klarer) Psychological Criticism “Characters in a text can be analyzed psychologically,
as if they were real people” (Klarer). Sigmund Freud Model of Human Psyche- Iceberg Metaphor (Heffner, Lynn) Application of Literary Theories New Criticism Psychological Criticism ‘The Catcher in the Rye’ was examined as an independent entity Psychological Analysis of Holden Caulfield The Catcher in The Rye Setting

Institution in California Main Characters Holden Caulfield - "The only dumb one in the family" (Salinger)
- Hates Phonies
- Low self-esteem
- Transitioning into adulthood Phoebe Caulfield - Bright and Mature
- Great dancer and writer
- Understands Holden Allie Caulfield - Died of leukemia at age 11
- Lovely red headed boy
- Had a special baseball mitt D.B. Caulfield Mr. and Mrs. Caulfield - Hollywood film script writer
- Prostituting himself according to Holden
- Visits Holden when hospitalized - High-middle class family
- Unable to notice Holden´s struggle
- Still affected from Allie´s death Form and Style Holden´s point of view Language and tone Flashback format cynical and depressing Critical Universal Theme: Death Death related Thoughts Allie James Castle Suicidal Death by Pneumonia “…I thought probably I´d get pneumonia and die. I started picturing millions of jerks coming to my funeral and all” (Salinger, 154). “I felt like jumping out the window. I probably would've, too, if I'd been sure somebody'd cover me up as soon as I landed. ” (Salinger, 104). Innocence and Change Innocence Childhood Change Adulthood Elements Representing Innocence Allie and Phoebe The Museum The Carrousel “…everything always stayed right where it was. Nobody'd move. You could go there a hundred thousand times… Nobody´d be different. The only thing that would be different would be you” (Salinger, 121). “It was playing ´Oh, Marie!´ It played that same song about fifty years ago when I was a little kid. That´s one nice thing about carrousels, they always play the same songs” (Salinger, 210). Meaning of the Title
´The Catcher in the Rye´ … Anyway, I keep picturing all these little kids playing some game in this big field of rye and all. Thousands of little kids, and nobody's around - nobody big, I mean - except me. And I'm standing on the edge of some crazy cliff. What I have to do, I have to catch everybody if they start to go over the cliff - I mean if they're running and they don't look where they're going I have to come out from somewhere and catch them. That's all I do all day. I'd just be the catcher in the rye and all. I know it's crazy, but that's the only thing I'd really like to be (Salinger, 173). Holden´s Tranformation “The thing with kids is, if they want to grab for the gold ring, you have to let them do it, and not say anything. If they fall off, they fall off, but it's bad if you say anything to them" (Salinger, 211). The Golden Ring Conclusion Recommendation J.D. Salinger To identify Holden´s emotional state and explain his pessimistic behavior throughout the novel. To recognize the different elements that represent innocence in the novel ´The Catcher in the Rye´ Data collection. The novel ‘The Catcher in the Rye’ by J.D. Salinger and other studies based on the novel. Presentation of the conclusions. Reached from the New Criticism Approach and the Psychological Criticism. Founding Father of Psychoanalysis Relied on Literature to create his theories (Oedipus Complex) The Conscious and Unconscious Therapeutic Procedure-The Talking Cure Pency Prep New York City Thank you! Against In Favor of Author´s Life/ Intention Close Reading
Historical Period Structure and Meaning
Sociological Elements Work standing alone
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